[Explanation] The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is located in the northern borders of China. It has forests, grasslands, wetlands, lakes, deserts and other natural forms. It is the largest and most diverse ecological function area in northern China, and it has extremely rich comprehensive biodiversity. system.

Recently, reporters visited many places in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and learned about the stories of people living in this land coexisting in harmony with the wild animals around them.

  [Explanation] The cliff-standing Mount Arbas is located in the northern part of Qipanjing Town, Etuoke Banner, Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Here inhabits the rock sheep, which is the second-level key protected wild animal of China.

The local 69-year-old Aribin is the "water deliverer" of these rock sheep.

  [Concurrent period] "Rock Sheep Water Delivery Worker" Ari Bing

  Rock sheep (this kind of creature) don't have any external assistance. They rely on the sky. It can drink water when it rains, but it can't even drink water if it doesn't rain.

The grass is not a big problem in this place. The rock sheep can walk everywhere. There is no shortage of grass, but lack of water to drink. It is pitiful.

  [Explanation] Aribing, who loves outdoor photography, discovered when she was tracking the rock sheep that due to lack of water, the rock sheep had little milk during the lactation period, and the lambs could not eat enough, so the idea of ​​sending water to the rock sheep was born.

In the past 11 years, every other day, he drove a motorcycle on the mountain road for more than an hour, sending more than 40 kilograms of water to the top of the mountain at an altitude of more than 1,700 meters, and then using a rope to lower the bucket to a depth of 100 meters. At the bottom of the valley, Ari tied the safety rope again, climbed down gropingly, and poured the water into the stone pit.

  [Explanation] Now local authorities have spent money to drill a 600-meter-deep motorized well under the Arbas Mountain. At the same time, they have built a new reservoir to provide drinking water for the shale sheep.

Ari, who doesn't have to work hard to deliver water, told reporters with emotion that he has witnessed the changes from a few to hundreds of Bish sheep in the past 11 years.

The timid Byanyang is no longer afraid to see him now.

  [Concurrent period] "Rock Sheep Water Delivery Worker" Ari Bing

  At that time, I went back to the mountain 10 times, and there were three or two times, and I saw three or five (Byan sheep).

Later, this number increased, and now I go up the mountain every day, and there is basically no time I can't see it.

  [Explanation] Coincidentally, more than 300 kilometers away from Qipanjing Town, in Chaogewendur Town, Uradhou Banner, Bayannaoer City, the 42-year-old herder Gangbaatar spent 20 years to let China's first-level key protected animal north The number of goats has more than 10 times.

  [Explanation] In recent years, Steel Battelle has provided water and grass for the ibex, installed far-infrared monitors for monitoring, and also led the establishment of a protection team to cooperate with the wildlife protection department to carry out patrols in the ibex protected area.

Nowadays, not only the number of ibex in the local area has increased, but also the natural enemies of ibex-wolves and lynx.

Relevant experts said that this reflects the gradual formation of the food chain in the region, which is very conducive to the restoration of biodiversity.

  [Concurrent] Steel Bartel, a herder in Chaoge Wendul Town

  This animal (Ibex) is scarce, so everyone has to (protect it). In order to let our offspring know that we still have such a species, an animal, we have to protect nature and not let everyone go hunting. Kill it, don't destroy the balance of the ecological environment. Every one of us must protect it. Only in this way, our offspring will know what this animal is like, so that it can be truly protected.

  [Explanation] The story of Aribing and Gunbaatar is just a microcosm of Inner Mongolia.

Here, stories of people rescuing wild animals and living in harmony with wild animals are not uncommon.

In recent years, Inner Mongolia has formulated and implemented a series of policies and measures to carry out ecological protection and restoration, and the quality and stability of the ecosystem have been continuously improved.

By the end of 2020, Inner Mongolia had established 182 nature reserves of various levels and types, with a total area of ​​12,670,400 hectares, accounting for 10.71% of the land area of ​​Inner Mongolia.

  [Concurrent] Wei Zhiyong, Director of the Hohhot Regional Center for Education for Sustainable Development, United Nations

  It should be said that the relationship between biodiversity and us humans is closely related.

The protection of biodiversity cannot only rely on the efforts of the government, but also requires the participation of the public.

Exploring and establishing a sustainable development path in which people and nature coexist in harmony can provide a steady stream of impetus for the construction of this important ecological security barrier in northern China.

  Reporting from Ordos, Inner Mongolia by reporter Ma Zhiyuan and Zhang Linhu

Editor in charge: [Sun Jingbo]