National historical and cultural city, Chaozhou, the ancient city of Taiping Street.
Four Jin Shi Fang, Zhuang Yuan Fang, San Shi Shang Shu Fang, Shaosi Ma Fang, Wuchen Baxian Fang, Qijun Fang...
An archway is a piece of fame, which shines through the annals of history.
Twenty-three towers are connected end to end, making it the largest archway street in the country.
According to the Records of Chaozhou in the Republic of China, there were 570 ancient archways in Chaozhou.
Humanities are flourishing, and Lingnan is flourishing.
As early as in the Northern Song Dynasty, Chen Yaozuo, a famous person who had been relegated to Chaozhou, saw the title of Chaozhou scholars, and was delighted to write a poem: "The city of Xiusou has lived in the wilderness, and has become the hometown of Xianzhiyao. From then on, Fang Yu carried figures, seaside Zou Lu is Chaoyang."
"Seaside Zou Lu" has since become a huge spur and encouragement for the influx of people in the pursuit of fame and fame.
In the next millennium, the trendy area really flourished and talented people came forth in large numbers.
Behind this, it is inseparable from the family's generational efforts, and it is also inseparable from the ancestral halls as a place for family education.
Chaoyang Xiao's Sixuetang is one of the best.
In the first year of Qingyuan in the Southern Song Dynasty (AD 1195), Xiao Xun, the grandson of Xiao Guoliang, the prefect of Zhangzhou, Fujian, served as the magistrate of Chaoyang.
Because of his diligence and love for the people, local people built a shrine for Xiao Xun.
After full tenure, Xiao Xun stayed in Chaoyang, opened a school in Shengci, named "Sixuetang", and personally coached the local children.
Unexpectedly, this kind deed of the old magistrate has actually made a family and even a place 800-year-old Kejia legend.
After running a school in Sixutang, Xiao Gui, the grandson of Xiao Xun, was admitted as a Jinshi in the fourth year of Xianchun (1267) and was awarded Rongzhou literature.
Great-grandson Xiao Yuji also "raised talents" and awarded him to the head of Haiyang County.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the imperial examination was abolished, and the family of the Xiao family continued to learn.
In the Ming Dynasty, imperial lifts were revived, and the Xiao family quickly became a fish in water: in the second year of Xuande, the ninth emperor of Xiao Luan, the tenth emperor of Chenghua, the tenth emperor of Xiaolong in the second year of Chenghua, and Xiao Jingqing and other seven people in the same period.
Later, Xiao Yucheng and Xiao Duanmeng "Father and Son Hanlin" emerged.
The Qing Dynasty emphasized martial arts, and the Xiao clan members began to study both civil and martial arts, and they also made great achievements. Only in the middle and late Qing Dynasty, there were three Wujin scholars and 12 martial arts scholars in the Xiao family's genealogy.
In modern times, the Xiao family's style of study has continued. First, Xiao Fengzhu presided over the founding of the first middle school in Chaoyang, and then a large number of talents such as the economist Xiao Zhuoji became famous in the world.
A few kilometers away from Sixutang, the "Chaoyang Guo Clan’s Ceremony for Chazu" is held once a year as scheduled. The origin of the intangible cultural heritage project of this folklore activity must be talked about 800 years ago.
Guo Hao, a jinshi in the first year of Song Shaoxi (1190 AD), went to Guangxi to raise punishment and press the chaser, and became a naturalized citizen in Chaoyang.
Guo Hao gave birth to four sons and created four townships locally.
In order to promote the ancestral virtue and inherit the family tradition, since the Southern Song Dynasty, Guo's Sifangtou has taken turns to worship the ancestor "according to the ancestor".
Attach importance to the teaching style, so that Guomen will come out in large numbers.
After Guo Hao, the descendants of Kechang High School include Ming Jiajing Jinshi Guo Tingxu and Guo Weifan, and Guo Yuan and Guo Jing from the past dynasties.
The capable tribesmen of the Guo family have been keen to develop schools and cultivate talents in local areas, especially in modern times. After Guo Zibin and other tribes made their fortunes in Shanghai, they made large-scale donations to run schools and made outstanding contributions to the education of the country and their hometowns.
Shanghai Fudan University, the building in front of it is called "Zibin Tower", which has a history of one hundred years and is a landmark building of this famous oriental university.
In 1925, in order to support his nephew, Guo Renyuan, a Ph.D. studying in the United States, founded the teaching and research of Chinese psychology in Fudan. Guo Zibin donated 50,000 oceans to build this western-style building, which is still a landmark of this famous oriental school.
In addition to Fudan University, Zhejiang University, Shanghai Academy of Art, Shantou University, Tongyu Middle School, Hanshan Teachers College, Jinshan Middle School... have all received huge support from the Guo Zibin family and achieved outstanding results.
Echoing this, among the descendants of the Guo family, talents have emerged in batches: Guo Renyuan, the founder of Chinese psychology, Guo Yuyuan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Guo Musun, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and nearly a hundred professors and doctors from universities.
The stork nest on the banks of the Han River, where Li walked past, is the inspirational story of ordinary people struggling to become a scholar.
At the end of the Song Dynasty, the Yuan army committed the south, and the northerner Li Zhaochu moved south to Chaozhou.
In the third generation, the Li family of Stork Nest began to realize the importance of reading, so he set up the study "Qiu Yuan" with the power of the whole family, and began to "strictly classify children and grandchildren to practice their children's career."
A generation later, the fourth generation of Li Gongju Zhongju started the road to the prosperity of Li's Kejia. In the ten generations, Li Chunfang, Li Siyin, Li Siyue, and Li Sizhen were successively senior high school scholars, and nine people including Li Chunkui were elected.
The "Taiwan Province Baofengfang" on the Paifang Street in Chaozhou demonstrates the poetry style of the Li family in the Stork Nest.
According to incomplete statistics, in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, 445 scholars emerged in Chaozhou. It is difficult to count the number of tributes, and they are among the best in Guangdong provinces;
In modern times, a large number of Chaozhou scholars such as Zhang Jingsheng, Guo Renyuan, and Zheng Zhengqiu are well-known internationally. There are 36 Chaozhou academicians in the New China, Huang Xuhua and other two academies. Masters such as Ma Sicong, Zhong Jingwen, and Rao Zongyi are shining.
Thanks to the joint efforts of the family's respect for culture and education, the Chaoshan has become a veritable "Seaside Zoulu".
Zhang Jianyue, Wei Jeff, and Li Yueying report from Guangdong
Editor in charge: [Ji Xiang]