Fight against terrorism: towards the end of twenty years of war?

Audio 50:00

Smoke rises from the towers of the World Trade Center in New York, after the impacts of two planes hijacked by the hijackers on September 11, 2001. © AFP

By: Marie-France Chatin Follow

51 mins

Twenty years ago, on September 9, 2001, Ahmad Shah Massoud, nicknamed the lion of Panchir, a famous hero of the Afghan resistance, was assassinated by two members of Al Qaida posing as journalists. Two days later, on September 11, 2001 in the USA, four planes disappeared from radar. On board, hijackers are preparing to commit the deadliest attack ever perpetrated on American soil. Between 8 and 10 a.m., the whole world follows the tragedy live on television. The images of planes crashing into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon mark a whole generation. The Twin Towers collapsed in just 102 minutes. The fire will go out 100 days later. The two attacks are ordered by the same terrorist: Osama bin Laden. For the United States,it is the beginning of a twenty years war. A global war on terrorism. Does the departure of the Americans from Afghanistan open the page for pacification? 






political scientist, associate professor in international relations at the Free Institute of International Relations Studies and for several foreign universities.

Middle East specialist.

“Terrorism: the pangs of revenge.

To the preliminary sources of violence ” 

Le Cavalier Bleu editions. 


Marc Hecker


Director of Research and Development at IFRI, the French Institute of International Relations.

Editor-in-chief of the Foreign Policy review.

Co-author with Elie Tenenbaum of

“The Twenty Years' War.

Jihadism and counterterrorism in the 21st century ”

by Robert Laffont.


Elie Tenenbaum

, Director of the Center for Security Studies at Ifri. 


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  • United States

  • September 11, 2001

  • Geopolitics

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