Can online learning services solve students’ "difficulties and worries"

  The fifth grade students of Zhongshan Experimental School in Luanzhou City, Hebei Province learn to sculpt Luanzhou shadow puppets under the guidance of teachers through the Internet.

Xinhua News Agency

  At the beginning of September, Zhu Jiali, a sixth-grade student of Weiwu Road No. 1 Primary School in Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, participated in school courses online.

Xinhua News Agency

Students in Fuzhou, Fujian, learn science classes in the "Maker Classroom".

Xinhua News Agency

【News Investigation·Follow Students' Double Burden 10】

September 10th is Teacher's Day. The second and third grade students in Shanghai received a thoughtful "gift package" from the teacher-"Shanghai Air Classroom" launched an upgraded version, a new column "Famous Teachers Face to Face".

Excellent teachers teach students knowledge and answer questions through TV screens and online lectures.

This outstanding teacher "cloud sharing" initiative is welcomed by students and parents.

After the "double reduction", the main position of learning returned to the campus, and the popularity of "rush to run" dropped.

Another problem has been highlighted: what about students who have difficulties in their studies and who really need to "make up lessons"?

In particular, how can junior two and three students who are under pressure to enter a higher education improve their academic standards?

This has become the most urgent issue of concern for many parents and students.

The "double reduction" opinions emphasize that free online learning services should be strengthened and optimized.

The upgrade of "Shanghai Air Classroom" is a positive response to this request.

Can online learning services bring new opportunities to promote the balanced development of educational resources and promote educational equity?

Under the background of "double reduction", how can high-quality educational resources benefit more students?

What obstacles still need to be broken?

With the collected questions from students and parents, the reporter interviewed a number of frontline teachers, principals and education administrators.

Responding to parents' anxiety-

Gather more outstanding teachers to realize the sharing of high-quality educational resources

  "The training institution does not have classes on weekends, and my children have no place to make up lessons. What should I do if they can't keep up with their studies?" As soon as the "double reduction" policy came out, some parents fell into another kind of anxiety.

"In the past, the burden of off-campus training was heavy. On weekends, I was a full-time driver for my baby. I rushed from one class to the next. Not to mention the tens of thousands of yuan in course fees. Merely eating out, I had to spend a lot of money every week. "A mother of a junior high school student said, now she is worried, "Where can I go to make up lessons for my child?"

  Such anxiety is not alone.

A survey found that after the “double reduction”, students’ time in school was extended, there were more opportunities to get attention on campus, and the after-school services provided by the school were more adequate.

Parents are generally satisfied with this.

But many parents of ordinary schools worry that it will be more difficult for their children to keep up with the growth of those "good school" students-because there is no place to "make up for the difference".

  "Our job is to respond to this anxiety, to respond to the differentiated needs of parents and students for learning, to gather more excellent teachers, so that high-quality educational resources can be shared as much as possible." The relevant person in charge of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission told reporters that this is also the case. The overall consideration for the overall upgrade of the "Shanghai Air Classroom".

  In his view, basic education should return from "3" to "1"-"1" is the principle, and "3" is a variety of topics derived from the principle.

Aiming at the test, many teachers, students, and parents forget the "1" and only focus on the "3", and the question sea tactics appear.

"What we should cultivate is memory, what we really should cultivate is learning ability, creativity, and teaching from '3' back to '1'. Such a classroom is more in line with the law of education and teaching. Information technology can speed up this One concept is implemented.” The person in charge said.

  The reporter learned that behind the "Famous Teachers Face to Face" column of "Shanghai Air Classroom", there is a super "famous teacher team"-more than 400 special-grade teachers, full-time senior teachers, and "double-name project" team teachers in Shanghai. Volunteer team formed.

  On September 10th, the air class "Famous Teachers Face to Face" launched the "Unit Focus" section, focusing on unit objectives, analyzing the key points and difficulties of teaching, guiding students to accurately grasp the knowledge structure and thinking methods, and cultivate key abilities of the subject.

In the following week, the "Questions and Answers" section was launched, through the aerial classroom platform to collect the problems encountered by students in their daily learning, and the team of famous teachers selected high-frequency and high-quality questions to carry out centralized Q&A.

  "'Question' is not equal to'exercises'. Focused answering is not about collecting question collections, let alone creating question dictionaries." said Yang Zhenfeng, director of the Basic Education Division of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission. , To explore the way to answer questions. In this process, improve teachers’ problem-oriented teaching ability and focus on the cultivation of core literacy."

  Yang Zhenfeng told reporters that in the new semester, all schools in Shanghai's compulsory education stage will fully carry out after-school services, use the after-school service time to guide students to complete homework seriously, and provide supplementary, vacancy guidance and answer questions for students with learning difficulties, so as to provide students with extra energy in junior and middle schools. Expand learning space.

At the same time, all districts and schools coordinate the resources of excellent teachers, use online platforms, and organize teams of excellent teachers to provide personalized guidance to students in need.

The high-quality resources of "Shanghai Air Classroom" can be used as a useful supplement to classroom teaching. Students can learn flexibly, independently and selectively according to their own conditions.

Favorable teacher promotion——

Online resources improve classroom quality in weak schools

  "In the summer, the teacher asked to watch the air class preview. It seems that the status of air class will get higher and higher in the future."

  "After watching the air class for a while, I have a better understanding of the children's learning progress, and the teacher will know if the teacher teaches well or not."

  This is an exchange of netizens on a parenting forum.

  "Shanghai Air Class" is an initiative that was spawned by the sudden new crown pneumonia epidemic in early 2020. It has accelerated the construction of Shanghai's high-quality educational resources co-construction and sharing mechanism, and has also played a larger role in radiation and driving.

  The reporter learned that the video resources of the aerial classroom have become the material for many schools in Shanghai to carry out teacher training and teaching research.

Teachers and students from Yunnan and other places who are assisted by Shanghai are also sharing Shanghai's high-quality educational resources "on the cloud".

  This time, the "Shanghai Air Classroom" has been upgraded again, and a new start has been made to promote the digital transformation of education and increase the sharing of outstanding teachers' resources.

  Hu Jun, the deputy dean of the Education College of Shanghai Hongkou District, is a junior high school mathematics teacher who participated in the recording of the "Famous Teachers Face to Face" video class.

He told reporters that there is a team of 3 to 4 outstanding teachers behind each class, and each link is carefully designed, with special emphasis on problem-based guidance, and guidance on key points and difficult points in the content.

  "The so-called key points are those that touch the whole body in learning. By grasping the key and difficult analysis, you can hit the key and open the floodgates of students' thinking." Hu Jun said.

  Is it useful to provide resources for subject learning, or is it more beneficial for students to turn to topic-based education and project-based learning?

Wang Yang, director of the teaching and research section of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, told reporters that the teachers who participated in the recording of "Shanghai Air Classroom" discussed this repeatedly, and clarified the direction of cultivating students' learning ability and improving students' comprehensive literacy.

  To Wang Yang's delight, since the first broadcast on March 2 last year, "Shanghai Air Class" has become an important auxiliary tool for many schools' teaching and research.

See how famous teachers sort out teaching materials, learn their methods of restructuring the classroom, and learn how to guide students to ask and solve problems, which has a direct effect on the classroom improvement of some weak schools.

  "Educational balance is not about'cutting peaks and filling valleys', but about'raising the bottom'. The digital transformation of education is conducive to the accelerated realization of high-quality balance." In Wang Yang's view, the "double reduction" is a set With "combined boxing", while the burden is reduced, what is enhanced is the construction of the school's connotation.

This places higher demands on principals, teachers and teaching administrators.

Focus on student growth——

They are no longer immersed in writing, but discussing problems in groups

  The principals have already felt the pressure.

  "We must use the'double reduction' as an opportunity to strengthen curriculum and teaching leadership, early thinking, early deployment, and early planning." Xu Hong, the principal of Sunqiao Primary School in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, is thinking about being a school located in Zhangjiang Science City. Schools, how to make use of geographical advantages, excavate curriculum resources, and apply the results of education informatization to the implementation of "double reduction" work.

  "Return to the classroom, return to the campus, return to the main position of education and teaching, only then can we create a new world of educating people." Du Linlin, principal of Shanghai Fenghua Junior High School, said frankly.

  In her view, changes are happening: there are fewer homework for students and more collisions of thinking.

In their spare time, they no longer immerse themselves in writing and writing, but discuss problems in groups and discuss how to complete the practical tasks arranged in the classroom; students have less off-campus training and more subject exploration, and they can fully enjoy the paradise of campus .

  Can online education resources play a long-term role in the growth of students and open up a new world?

With the empowerment of information technology, can large-scale teaching in accordance with their aptitude be truly realized?

Some areas have started pilot projects in the early stage.

  Take Minhang District, Shanghai as an example.

In 2019, Minhang District was listed as a "Smart Education Demonstration Zone" by the Ministry of Education, and was the first to explore and implement "data-driven large-scale teaching in accordance with their aptitude" in the country.

When the reporter visited several schools in the district a few days ago, he saw that in the West School of Shanghai Experimental School, the school uses electronic schoolbag classrooms to collect data to form a "digital portrait" of students.

On this basis, according to the characteristics of different students, provide corresponding teaching courses and intervention methods.

  Minhang High School of Science and Technology affiliated to East China University of Science and Technology is building a "Future Classroom" where students can "virtually walk" online and switch the difficulty of courses independently.

Offline, through guided learning testing, group learning, layered practice, real-time interaction and other means, to ensure that each student enters the most suitable learning track.

  Yun Minxia, ​​director of the Education Bureau of Minhang District, Shanghai, believes that in the context of the "double reduction" policy, through the empowerment of information technology and the blessing of massive online education and teaching resources, education has a richer connotation to reduce burdens and increase efficiency, and to achieve high quality and fairness.

"Educational equity is not simplistic equality, but to provide more suitable education for differences; the'burden reduction' of education is not simply'reduction', but more precise and higher quality empowerment and efficiency."

  In the view of East China Normal University professor and director of the Department of Education Yuan Zhenguo, online teaching during the epidemic has reviewed the achievements of my country's education informatization.

"Double reduction" brings new challenges to current education and teaching, and also provides new opportunities to promote online and offline integration of education.

  "Online and offline integrated education is a huge system. From platform construction to content construction, from the improvement of the technical environment to the exploration of learning forms, from the organization to the mechanism, from the leadership department to each teacher, only their respective duties are performed and active. Only by synergy can we give full play to our respective advantages." Yuan Zhenguo's vision is to move from large-scale standardized education to large-scale individualized education, and realize the fundamental transformation of education paradigm.

  The "double reduction" opinion requires that all regions must actively create conditions and organize outstanding teachers to conduct free online interactive exchanges and answer questions.

Schools in all regions should increase publicity, promotion and use, and guide students to make good use of free online high-quality educational resources.

  "When the curriculum, teachers, equipment, etc. can be considered as a whole, when all educational resources are open to all students, the use value of educational resources will be greatly released, and the effectiveness of education will be greatly improved. The openness and connectivity of resources will not only increase The total amount of resources, and will form a comprehensive advantage, produce superimposing effects." Yuan Zhenguo said.

(Our reporter Yan Weiqi)

Keywords: