It has been 76 years since the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima in 6 days.
As the A-bomb survivors are aging, more than half of the A-bomb survivors want to keep personally owned materials such as diaries that describe their experiences and records of activities toward the abolition of nuclear weapons at public institutions. It was found in the NHK questionnaire survey that there was.
It is necessary to urgently take measures in order to pass on valuable materials that can be said to be proof that the A-bomb survivors survived to posterity.
It has been 76 years since the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, and NHK conducted a questionnaire survey of 50 A-bomb survivors regarding the materials kept by individuals.
Among them, half of 25 people answered that there is a material that they want to leave for posterity.
Specifically, I have a diary that describes the experience of the atomic bombing, a photo of my family who died, and a record that I testified at an international conference toward the abolition of nuclear weapons.
On the other hand, some responded that they had disposed of all the materials because they wanted to forget about the atomic bomb.
Regarding the storage location of materials, 31 people, 62% of the total, answered that "public institutions" are desirable.
Regarding the reason,
▽ There is a possibility of dissipation and disposal in the generation of children and grandchildren
▽ The actual situation of the exposure is not communicated even if it is owned by an individual
that we want you to store it in an environment where temperature and humidity are controlled
As for desirable public institutions, 82% of the respondents cited the "Atomic Bomb Museum".
Regarding this, Hironobu Ochiba, chief curator of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, said, "The issue is how to store the materials in a state where the storage location of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum is almost full. We must consider it in cooperation with related organizations. I think. "
In the 76 years since the atomic bombing, it is necessary to urgently take measures such as securing storage space and developing specialized human resources to utilize it in order to pass on valuable materials that can be said to be proof that the atomic bomb survivors survived.
A-bomb survivors "Materials remain as heritage"
Keizaburo Toyonaga (85), one of the respondents to the questionnaire, was exposed to radiation at the age of nine and has been supporting atomic bomb survivors living overseas, such as South Korea and Brazil, for many years.
We carefully store letters from overseas A-bomb survivors and impressions from children who heard about the A-bomb experience.
Mr. Toyonaga said, "If you don't leave the materials, what you've been saying about war and nuclear weapons will disappear. We, the A-bomb survivors, haven't lived so long, but the materials remain as heritage." I was talking.
After the death of the A-bomb survivors, there are cases where the family disposes of the materials, Mr. Toyonaga said, "It is difficult to leave the materials individually. If you leave them, young people and people who are interested in the problem of the atomic bomb You can use it and pass it on to future generations. I want you to keep it in some way while the A-bomb survivors are alive. "
Expert "Creating an eternally irreplaceable record storage system"
Akiko Kubota, an assistant professor at the Hiroshima University Atomic Bomb Radiation Medical Science Research Institute, who specializes in "archives studies" that studies the preservation and publication of materials and is familiar with materials related to the atomic bombing, said, "If you analyze the materials after a while, things will be different. There is a high possibility that the side will be visible, and the records of those who have experienced the atomic bomb are forever irreplaceable records, "he said, pointing out the importance of the materials that the individual survivors have.
Regarding the preservation of such materials, Assistant Professor Kubota must first set up a contact point to listen to the wishes of the A-bomb survivors, and then solve major problems such as systematically organizing and preserving the materials and operating funds. It is necessary to urgently create a system for storing materials.