The "double reduction" policy boots, how should schools and education and training institutions implement the requirements?

Reducing the burden on schools does not mean reducing the quality of teaching and training institutions to shift to the quality education track

  Yangcheng Evening News reporter Jiang Jun

  On July 24, the "Opinions on Further Reducing the Burden of Compulsory Education Students' Homework and Off-campus Training" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions") was announced.

The "Opinions" clearly put forward the goal of "double reduction": students' excessive homework burden and off-campus training burden, family education expenditure and parents' corresponding energy burden will be effectively reduced within one year, and the effect will be significant within three years, and the people's education satisfaction has been significantly improved.

  Regarding the "Opinions", education and training companies have expressed their firm support and strict implementation. Disciplinary institutions are deploying the transformation to science, sports and other quality education.

Education experts pointed out that teachers need to update their concepts to arrange homework reasonably and effectively, schools must strive to adapt to new requirements to improve management levels, and education departments should guide demand to improve supporting policies.

As one of the national pilot cities for "double reduction" work, Guangzhou has already taken action.

Teachers, schools: need to update concepts and improve teaching standards

  The opinion stipulates that an internal publicity system for homework should be established. The first and second grades of primary school do not assign home written homework, and consolidation exercises can be arranged in the school; the average completion time of written homework for the third to sixth grade of primary school does not exceed 60 minutes, and the average completion time of written homework for junior high school is not More than 90 minutes.

Encourage the arrangement of layered, flexible and personalized operations, resolutely overcome mechanical and invalid operations, and eliminate repetitive and punitive operations.

  "The senior high school entrance examination is open for all subjects, and there are more and more test subjects. Can I get into high school with less homework?" Some parents worry.

Many parents also welcome this.

"There is a significant reduction in homework this summer, and children have more time to read books and go out for sports," said a fifth-grade parent in Panyu District, Guangzhou.

  Wu Yingmin, vice president of the Chinese Education Association and honorary principal of Guangzhou Middle School, said that to reduce the burden of students' homework, teachers need to update their concepts and improve the level of education and teaching.

"Teaching with repeated exercises and repeated exercises can neither improve the quality of teaching, but also increase the burden on students. Therefore, teachers must make changes to change the teaching design, improve classroom efficiency, and arrange homework reasonably and effectively." Wu Yingmin said.

  The "double reduction" policy puts forward higher and more diversified requirements for school teaching quality and service content.

"Schools must work hard to adapt to the new requirements. Strengthen teacher training, update educational concepts, methods, and evaluation methods, and improve the quality of classroom teaching and homework, so that the burden on students will be truly reduced." Wu Yingmin said: "Schools must also be psychologically prepared. , The difficulty of management will increase. It is necessary to establish an operation supervision and feedback mechanism, and cooperate with certain reward and punishment measures."

  In addition, Wu Yingmin reminded education departments and schools that reducing the amount does not mean reducing the burden.

Only when the amount of homework is reduced under the premise of improving the quality and efficiency of learning will it be recognized by the parents.

Education and training enterprises: implement the "double reduction" requirements and actively seek transformation

  The most concerned content in the opinions is undoubtedly the regulations for training institutions.

Opinions require that subject training institutions are not allowed to be listed for financing; off-campus training institutions shall not occupy national statutory holidays, rest days and winter and summer vacations to organize subject training; online training institutions shall not provide and spread "photographic search for questions" and other lazy students' thinking skills , Poor learning methods that affect students' independent thinking and violate the laws of education and teaching.

  After the announcement of the "double reduction" policy on the 24th, New Oriental, Good Future, Job Gang and others successively responded on their official Weibo and stated that they would firmly support the "double reduction" policy.

  Leading off-campus training companies, such as New Oriental, Good Future, and Job Gang, all stated in their official Weibo that they will strictly implement relevant regulations in future work, follow the laws of education and the growth of young people, and implement the fundamental task of Lide Shuren.

Operate in compliance with laws and regulations, continuously improve the quality of education and service levels, serve the overall situation of the country's development, and continue to contribute to the cultivation of socialist builders and successors with comprehensive development of morality, intelligence, physical education, art, and labor.

  Many local small and medium-sized training institutions in Guangzhou expressed that they fully understand and support the "double reduction" policy and are actively seeking transformation.

  "As a practitioner, I am also a parent. I don't want my child to carry heavy homework and make-up lessons. I hope that he will have enough time to play." The general manager of an education and training organization told reporters that the organization has transformed into adolescent aesthetic education. , The introduction of painting and other courses is very popular with parents.

  A person in charge of an English training organization told reporters: "STEM courses and social literacy courses were launched at the beginning of this year and moved to other tracks."

  In fact, training institutions have already started a diversified transformation strategy.

Good future and New Oriental have a variety of quality education products covering programming, scientific experiments, sports and other types.

  "In the future, the school will need a large number of third-party organizations to provide high-quality content and services. We can use our advantages to transform in accordance with the requirements of national policies." said the person in charge of a well-known local institution engaged in discipline training in Guangzhou.

Operation Guangzhou: The first joint law enforcement inspection by off-campus training institutions has been carried out

  According to data from the Guangzhou Education Bureau in March 2020, there are 937 training institutions approved by various districts in Guangzhou, and 105 are larger training institutions.

Among them, 120 are in Yuexiu, 156 in Tianhe, 29 in Liwan, 177 in Haizhu, 170 in Panyu, 37 in Baiyun, 45 in Huangpu, 119 in Huadu, 15 in Conghua, 50 in Zengcheng, and 19 in Nansha.

  As a pilot city for implementing the "double reduction" work, Guangzhou needs to do a good job of pilot exploration in three areas according to the requirements of the opinions: resolutely reduce subject-based off-campus training; rational use of internal and external resources; and strengthen training fee supervision.

In this regard, Guangzhou has taken action.

  On July 9, the Guangzhou Municipal Education Bureau issued the "Notice on Doing a Good Job in Summer Custody Services for Primary School Students" (hereinafter referred to as the notice) to launch a pilot project of on-campus custody services for primary school students during this summer vacation.

The notice proposes that the school provides students with learning and sports venues, opens up resources such as study rooms, libraries, reading rooms, sports venues, etc., carries out high-level team training such as sports, aesthetics, education, technology, and implements sports, art, science and technology interest courses, club activities, and comprehensive practices And so on, to further enhance the comprehensive quality of students.

  From July 12th to 16th, some districts of Guangzhou held a briefing for off-campus training institutions to convey the relevant spirit.

According to the person in charge of a training institution in Guangzhou, Liwan District, Yuexiu District, and Haizhu District of Guangzhou City all verbally communicated at the meeting that they would stop compulsory education on weekends, winter and summer vacations, and holiday subject training activities; stop accepting and approve new subject education Permit; elementary and junior academic institutions will immediately begin to be changed to non-profit institutions (reflected in the annual inspection financial report) and other content.

  On July 20, the Guangzhou Municipal Education Bureau issued the "Measures for the Supervision and Management of Training Institutions in Guangzhou (Draft for Soliciting Opinions)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Draft for Soliciting Opinions").

According to the draft, the training for kindergarten children must not teach elementary school content in advance, and the content of cultural subject training for primary and secondary school students must not exceed the standard.

Off-campus training institutions for primary and middle school students (including kindergarten children) charge training fees according to the semester or class hours, and cannot use discounts, additional class hours, etc., for more than 3 months and 60 class hours are packaged and bundled with training fees in advance.

  On July 22, the Guangzhou Municipal Education Bureau issued an emergency joint enforcement inspection notice to the city’s off-campus training institutions; the next day, the Municipal Education Bureau joined with the Municipal Public Security Bureau, Civil Affairs Bureau, Health Commission, Emergency Bureau, Market Supervision Bureau, Fire Rescue Detachment, etc. The department formed a joint law enforcement inspection team, did not say hello, went to the front line, went straight to the scene, and went to 4 off-campus training institutions, including Shenben Education in Yuexiu District, to conduct spot checks on the spot.

Supporting policies: to guide demand, can you postpone general job diversion?

  “Only about 60% of the children in the Guangzhou High School Entrance Examination can enter high school, and the rest go to vocational high schools. In fact, it’s okay to be a high-quality professional worker, but you can’t accept that children don’t have a high school diploma.” Mr. Huang, a citizen, said that parents are more worried Children who graduate from junior high school must be triaged, "If they are triaged after high school, parents will not be so anxious."

  "It is in favor of reducing supplementary lessons, but will other parents ask tutors to make supplementary lessons for their children? We will suffer if we don't make up?" Parent Ms. Chen also has her own doubts.

  "Parents' anxiety has pushed up the strong demand for off-campus training. This is the fundamental driving force for the rapid development of off-campus training." Wu Yingmin said, the series of measures of the "double reduction" policy can be summarized in three words: improving supply, strengthening management, Guide demand.

  "Guiding demand is the key to the problem. Can we consider adjusting the ratio of general high school to vocational high school? Can we consider pushing the general job splitting back a few years?" Wu Yingmin suggested that Guangzhou, as a pilot city, should do its best and do what it can. We should actively and steadily guide demand based on actual conditions and provide education that satisfies the people.

  Educational scholar and Dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute Xiong Bingqi said: “The implementation of the'double reduction' requires supporting measures. It is necessary to analyze the actual needs of parents for out-of-school education and training. If this part of the demand cannot be effectively channeled, even if the part is closed For off-campus education and training institutions, this part of the demand will also go underground. For example, parents will hire private teachers, and teachers of training institutions will rent houses in the community for extracurricular tutoring, which will increase the difficulty of supervision."