A few meters from the hollow tooth that formed on November 5, 2018 in Marseille, another building in the rue d'Aubagne was struck by danger.
Two sisters, the last tenants of this building, recount their last months in this insanitary building, wedged between fear, squatters and administrative slowness.
A case that illustrates a crisis of poor housing that continues in Marseille, two and a half years after the collapses of the rue d'Aubagne.
You have to pass the hollow tooth, trace of the collapse that occurred on November 5, 2018, a few meters away, and go down the infamous rue d'Aubagne, to cross a completely smashed door. In front of number 16 rue d'Aubagne, Sadia Bouri waits, anxious. The single mother has lived for eight years in this building in the first arrondissement of Marseille. Behind his mask, fatigue is noticeable.
Previously private property, the building was bought by the lessor Marseille Habitat after having been the subject of a dangerous decree.
One fine morning, Sadia's kitchen ceiling literally collapsed.
The stairwell of the building with its worn walls is in a sorry state, to the point that the beams raised on each floor try to keep the whole upright.
At night, rats come to scratch the walls, when it's not the cockroaches that make Sadia Bouri's daughter scream with fear.
"I'm afraid for my life"
Almost all of the tenants in this building were urgently evacuated. The vacant apartments are now squatted by drug traffickers, who justify the regular intervention of the police within these four walls. In this decor that looks like a nightmare, Sadia Bouri and her sister Fatima remain, tenant of a large apartment for all her family on the penultimate floor.
“I am so distressed,” says Sadia Boudi.
I am afraid for my life and that of my daughter.
I feel in a stressful situation.
Frankly, we can't take it anymore.
"After several rehousing proposals aborted or refused by Sadia Bouri, due to the geographical location or the insufficient surface area of the proposed apartment, the mother of the family visited on April 12 and agreed to be accommodated in a proposed apartment. by the Soliha, in charge of accompanying the dislodged.
“They told me to pack my boxes,” she recalls. I was told that I would be moving soon. “When she receives us, that Tuesday, almost two months have passed since the visit of this apartment which was a priori intended for her… Except that the boxes are still there, and Sadia Bouri remains without a relocation solution. The mother has however multiplied the letters and phone calls, to try to unblock the situation.
“We were faced with a situation of administrative red tape, regrets Virginie Delormel, newly appointed general manager of Marseille Habitat.
A tripartite agreement had to be signed to obtain this accommodation.
And it can take a long time.
"Since September that I have been president of Marseille Habitat, we have almost done nothing but solve emergency situations of forgotten people, deplores Audrey Gatian, also elected from the Marseille Spring.
We are committed to resolving all situations.
In the hotel
It was only after a visit by Sadia Bouri last week to the headquarters of Marseille Habitat and a meeting with the general manager that the mother of the family was offered a relocation in an aparthotel.
"It's a nice three-star with living room and bathroom," says Virginie Delormel.
It is a nice setting to stay there for three weeks.
And we found her an apartment that she can move into on July 1.
Her sister will stay in this building for a few more weeks.
Mother of a large family, the rehousing solutions that have been made for her are either too small or located in the northern districts.
“I'm still waiting to be relocated,” says Fatima Bouri.
They are waiting, but we wonder what.
Do they want another disaster to happen or what?
"We do not let people down, denies Virginie Delormel.
We are facing distress situations at 16, rue d'Aubagne.
We offered Fatima Bouri, like her sister, three or four housing solutions and she did not want to follow up.
Madame Fatima Bouri did not want to go to the hotel and told us that she preferred to wait for the apartment that will be provided to her at the end of the month, especially because her daughter is passing the baccalaureate.
And then, I'll tell you, if she prefers to stay a little longer, it's because she doesn't feel that much in danger, does she?
"A real inertia"
An imbroglio linked in particular to a lack of social housing in Marseille, in particular large housing. “We are reaching the limit of the exercise, recognizes Virginie Delormel. Today, at Marseille Habitat, we have between three and five rehousing requests per week which we cannot meet due to a lack of available accommodation. "
"There is a real inertia of all the actors, State, town hall, metropolis, to fight against poor housing in this city, laments Florent Houdmon, director of the regional agency of the Abbé-Pierre en Paca foundation.
Honestly, for almost three years, there have been real issues.
I'm not the pessimistic type, but there are a lot of people who don't understand these delays.
It is estimated that there are 10,000 people living in substandard housing in Marseille and 5,000 of them have been evacuated.
It's not enough.
There is no progress.
Even today, we receive people every day who are slowly dying in these slums.
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Collapsed buildings in Marseille