[Explanation] The "White Paper on Myopia Surgery for Chinese People" (hereinafter referred to as the "White Paper") released on May 23 shows that "customized" personalized myopia surgery is becoming more and more popular.

Why is "customized" so popular?

How to prevent minor myopia?

Recently, on the occasion of the 26th "National Eye Day", reporters came to the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Science and Technology of China Hospital, and invited Liu Caiyuan, the director of the Department of Ophthalmology, to answer everyone one by one.

  [Explanation] At 10 o'clock in the morning, the reporter saw outside the ophthalmology clinic of the hospital that the aisle was full of people who came for consultation and treatment. Among them, most of them were minors and young people.

As one of the first experts in Anhui Province to carry out full femtosecond laser surgery, Liu Caiyuan has been engaged in excimer laser surgery for nearly 20 years, with a personal operation volume of 100,000 and rich clinical experience.

He told reporters that more and more people choose myopia surgery.

  [Concurrent] Liu Caiyuan, Director of the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Science and Technology of China Hospital

  The majority of people who choose myopia surgery are adults over 18 years old. Because the epidemic started last year, most people wore glasses and masks. Then it was very inconvenient and could not see clearly. So now I choose myopia. The number of people undergoing surgery is also increasing.

  [Explanation] The "White Paper" shows that the volume of myopia surgery in 2020 will increase by nearly 75% compared to 2018, and more and more people choose to have myopia surgery.

At the same time, among patients who choose laser surgery, more and more people choose personalized myopia surgery based on the aspheric characteristics of the individual cornea for corneal treatment. In 2020, the number of such operations will increase by 53% compared with 2018.

  [Concurrent] Liu Caiyuan, Director of the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Science and Technology of China Hospital

  The population of myopia surgery should be relatively less cognition 20 years ago, and now there are more and more people, because of the safety and effectiveness of surgery and the convenience of improving vision, they are also more and more affected. Recognized by the vast number of patients, the number of people undergoing surgery has increased exponentially compared to 20 years and 30 years (before), and it should now be more than 10 times that of before.

  [Explanation] Liu Caiyuan told reporters that the proportion of men and women who choose to have myopia surgery is not much different.

Due to occupational demands such as conscription, public security recruitment, and air force recruitment, as well as women's higher requirements for appearance and quality of life, the number of women who choose myopia surgery is also increasing year by year.

Tong Yue, an 18-year-old student, is preparing to enroll in this fall’s enlistment. He is short-sighted and is undergoing a preoperative examination in the hospital.

  [Concurrent] Student Tong Yue

  Because everyone’s eyes and his cornea have different thicknesses, the degree of suitability for eye surgery varies, so I’ll have to do a checkup later, and then perform a checkup operation based on what is suitable for me.

  [Explanation] Chen Qiao, a 27-year-old teacher, has just completed myopia surgery for a week.

She said that because her myopia is relatively high and her eyes are more sensitive, wearing contact lenses for a long time will cause great damage to the eyes, and frame glasses will also affect the appearance. Many people around me have chosen myopia surgery.

  [Concurrent] Citizen Chen Qiao

  There are many changes in life. For example, the first one is that you see things clearly, and then you feel that the colors become brighter, and you feel that the world is particularly beautiful; the second is when you are working or driving. They are definitely better than before.

  [Explanation] Liu Caiyuan said that myopia surgery only replaces glasses, not a fundamental cure for myopia, so after surgery, we still need to take good care of and protect the eyes.

Whether you have an operation or are wearing glasses, it is recommended that you take a few minutes of rest every time you look at the phone for half an hour and look at the computer; don’t lie on the bed or play with the phone after turning off the light, which will damage your eyes. Bigger.

Liu Caiyuan said that the oxygen permeability and water content of cosmetic contact lenses are very low, and it is not recommended to wear them for a long time.

At the same time, he also "customized" a "eye-loving strategy" for minors.

  [Concurrent] Liu Caiyuan, Director of the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Science and Technology of China Hospital

  For children aged 0 to 3, we have to disable some work related to video.

For children from 3 to 6 years old, we use video modestly, and then we recommend that the work related to using video should not exceed 20 minutes each time.

In addition, we have three points that are very important to prevent myopia: first, increase outdoor activities, we hope that children have more than two hours of outdoor activities every day, soaking in the sun; second, reducing the burden of extracurricular homework for electronic products; The three aspects are the desire to eat less sweets, fried foods, and more fruits and vegetables. The related ones are those foods that are helpful to the eyes and vision.

  Zhang Jun and Chu Weiwei report from Hefei, Anhui

Editor in charge: [Zhang Aolin]