China News Service, Zhengzhou, May 14 (Reporter Han Zhangyun) A few days ago, China announced the seventh national census data. Among them, the permanent population of Henan is 99.366 million, which is less than 100 million. Many people are surprised. "The existing impression is inconsistent.
In this regard, industry insiders expressed the need to clarify related concepts.
The Henan Provincial Government Information Office held a press conference on the 14th to introduce the national census data to the public in various aspects of Henan.
According to the seventh national census, the permanent population of Henan is 99.366 million, which is lower than Guangdong and Shandong, ranking third.
No more than 100 million, it seems that the population of Henan has decreased.
In this regard, Wang Mengxuan, director of the Population and Employment Statistics Division of the Henan Provincial Bureau of Statistics, said that it cannot be understood so simply.
"The target of this census is the permanent population. The'Henan population over 100 million' in our impression refers to the registered population. These are two different concepts."
The permanent population is one of the commonly used statistical calibers in the international census, which reflects the actual resident population.
"The permanent population released by us refers to the population that often lives in our province. It includes both the population with household registration and actual residence, as well as the population without household registration but actually living in our province for more than half a year, but does not include household registration in our province. The migrant population who has been studying, living and working outside the province for a long time.” Wang Mengxuan said, it is also necessary to consider that Henan is a province with a large population outflow.
"Henan still has 16.1 million registered population flowing out to other provinces. If this part of the population is added, it will be the'Henan registered population exceeding 100 million' in everyone's impression." He believes that Henan is still a populous province at the moment.
Where did the 16.1 million people from Henan go?
According to the census data, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Beijing are the five most popular provinces and cities in Henan, and the effect of "peacocks flying southeast" is still obvious.
The reporter noted that the census data also reflected some structural contradictions in the current population development in Henan.
For example, in terms of gender composition, the male population of Henan is 49.832 million, accounting for 50.15%, and the female population is 49.533 million, accounting for 49.85%.
The sex ratio of the population dropped from 102.06 in 2010 to 100.60, which is lower than the national 105.07.
Feng Wenyuan, director of the Office of the Leading Group for the Seventh National Census of Henan Province, said that this is mainly because the proportion of men out of Henan Province is higher than that of women.
He introduced that if you look at gender from the registered population, the ratio of males to females in Henan is actually similar to that of the whole country.
In terms of age composition, Henan has 56.996 million working-age populations between the ages of 16 and 59, which is 4.05 million fewer than in 2010.
The proportion of the population aged 60 and over in the province is 18.08%, an increase of 5.36 percentage points from the 2010 census.
Feng Wenyuan explained that this shows that people's living standards and medical and health care have been improved, but the aging process is accelerating and the degree is further deepening.
Chen Hongyu, director of the Henan Provincial Bureau of Statistics, believes that the census data reflects the decline in the number of working-age population and women of childbearing age in Henan, the deepening of aging, the decline in fertility, and the decline in the number of births. He also reminded the government to closely monitor the trend of population changes. To coordinate and promote the long-term balanced development of the population.