For a safe fasting .. Important advice for diabetics

Diabetics in particular need to take some additional measures and precautions during the fasting of the holy month, but on the condition that they have first obtained their doctor's approval to fast according to their health condition.

Dr Farhana Bin Lootah, Consultant Internal Medicine at the Imperial College London Diabetes Center at Mubadala Healthcare, provided a set of advice that diabetics should adhere to in order to be fully prepared for the reassured fast of the holy month.

Consult your doctor

Some diabetics may be advised to refrain from fasting, so you will need to consult your doctor if you can fast according to your health condition.

The doctor or diabetes care team will provide you with appropriate advice on how to adjust the dosage of medications or insulin, in addition to helping you to adjust your diet to suit the hours of fasting and breakfast in Ramadan.

Even if your doctor allows you to fast, it is important to make sure to communicate with him when you feel tired, tired or any other symptoms while fasting, especially if you are taking prescribed medications.

Organize meals after breakfast

- Be sure to resist the urge to eat constantly during the period from Iftar until dawn directly.

You should establish a regular and spaced diet for your meals.

And break your fast with a light meal such as water and dates, then after about an hour to eat a complete meal, and immediately before dawn eat suhoor.

And when you feel hungry during the night (between breakfast and the pre-dawn meal), you can eat one or two small snacks, such as a piece of fruit, a handful of raw nuts, or one cup of yogurt without adding sugar.

And do not miss the Iftar or Suhoor meals.

Choose your meals wisely

Eat protein with every meal.

Because it increases your feeling of satiety.

A dietitian can help you calculate your body's protein needs, and it is recommended that you include fruits, vegetables and yogurt in your meals.

Choose healthy fats such as avocado, olive oil, and fish, as well as complex carbohydrates such as wholegrain bread, nuts and brown rice, which digest slowly, rather than simple carbohydrates such as cakes, white bread and pastries, which can lead to high blood sugar.

Moisturise your body

You should drink adequate amounts of fluids (sugar-free), especially water, to avoid dehydration during fasting hours.

Water, fiber-containing foods, and exercise are the main key to avoiding constipation during Ramadan.

And do not give in to your body's desire to drink a drink with a high sugar content;

Because a sudden rise in the sugar in your diet may lead to high blood glucose levels, which may require hospital intervention.

Do moderate activity

Daily moderate physical activity is a healthy option for people with diabetes.

Walking is also one of the most recommended activities for patients, and excessive exercise should be avoided while fasting.

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