Research notes of more than 3 million words decrypted ancient calligraphy and painting expert Liu Jiu'an's growth and scholarship

He "picked cultural relics" in the Forbidden City

  The National Palace Publishing House has recently photocopied and published 19 volumes of "Liu Jiu'an Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Research Notes". The notes of more than 3 million words truly restore the growth and scholarship of Mr. Liu Jiu'an, a research librarian of the Palace Museum, a contemporary famous Chinese ancient painting and calligraphy appraiser.

  Created and laid the academic foundation for the painting and calligraphy appraisal of the Forbidden City

  Liu Jiu'an (1915-1999), a former member of the National Historical and Cultural Relics Advisory Committee and a standing member of the Cultural Relics Appraisal Committee of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, was one of the first experts in the cultural relics museum sector to enjoy the special government allowance of the State Council.

  He entered the Palace Museum in 1956 and worked on the collation, appraisal, collection, and research of calligraphy and calligraphy in the accident palace. Later, together with Xu Bangda and Zhu Jiapu, he created and laid the academic foundation of calligraphy and calligraphy appraisal and scientific research in the Palace Museum.

  The 19 volumes published this time are based on the 2016 research project of the Palace Museum "Liu Jiu'an Calligraphy and Calligraphy Appraisal Notes Sorting and Research". It covers 42 years and 269 volumes of Liu Jiu'an from 1956 to 1997. Appraisal of calligraphy and calligraphy, work diary, review of calligraphy and calligraphy, transcripts of related literature, collection of materials on research topics, etc.

The Dean of the Palace Museum Wang Xudong said in the preface, “Mr. Liu Jiu’an is an accomplished and respected master in the field of painting and calligraphy appraisal in our country. Mr.'s calligraphy appraisal notes are the crystallization of his decades of tasting pen and ink and the true meaning of painting and calligraphy, and it is also left to us. Precious wealth."

  A comprehensive survey of ancient Chinese paintings and calligraphy in 8 years

  In April 1962, Mr. Liu Jiu'an, Mr. Zhang Heng, and Mr. Xie Zhiliu participated in the appraisal of paintings and calligraphy collected by the National Cultural Relics Agency organized by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. They started from Beijing and passed through Tianjin, Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang, and Luda, crossing four provinces for half a year , Appraisal of 10,000 paintings and calligraphy, to establish a deep friendship in work and life.

  In June 1983, with the approval of the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage re-established the "Chinese Ancient Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Group" consisting of seven gentlemen Liu Jiu'an and Xie Zhiliu, Qi Gong, Xu Bangda, Xie Chensheng, Yang Renkai, and Fu Xinian. From 1983 to 1990 A total of 61,596 calligraphy and calligraphy works have been recorded for 8 years, and a comprehensive survey of ancient calligraphy and calligraphy preserved in mainland China was carried out.

  After the appraisal, Mr. Liu Jiu'an and others jointly compiled a 24-volume "Ancient Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Catalogue", which condensed the painstaking efforts of the first-line appraisal experts of ancient Chinese painting and calligraphy, covering the existing ancient paintings and calligraphy works in domestic museums, and greatly surpassed the Song Dynasty and the Song Dynasty. The collection of classics in the Qing Dynasty has become an important reference material for the study of ancient Chinese paintings and calligraphy, as well as a database for reference by major museums and collectors. It can be called a "contemporary stone canal treasure".

  Discovering national first-class cultural relics from non-cultural relics, calligraphy and painting

  Knowing the truth and discriminating the fake runs through the identification of Mr. Liu Jiu'an's calligraphy and painting. Taking Wu Yingmao's fake Zhu Yunming's book as an example, he concluded, "Zhu's calligraphy pen is mainly centered and side front is supplemented, and sometimes both center and side are used. Wu's calligraphy is more exposed and lightly pressed, in the form of embracing the flanks and taking beauty, it can be said to be more joyful and less calm than the Zhushu." From this, Mr. Liu Jiu'an distinguished a group of Zhu Yunming's original works, but actually Wu. Ying Mao's works, such as "Cursive Script Zui Weng Ting Ji Juan", "Cursive Script A Fang Gong Fu Juan" and so on.

  In the two large-scale monographs of "Pictures of Ancient Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy" and "Catalogs of Ancient Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy", the results of his painstaking research and appraisal conclusions are integrated, which are fully absorbed by future generations.

In cleaning up and identifying the tens of thousands of rulers of Ming and Qing Dynasties in the Palace Museum, he found a large number of letters with important documentary value.

Among the calligraphy and paintings that have been classified as non-cultural relics, national first-class cultural relics such as the Song Dynasty "Liu Yinqu Blind Picture", Yuan Yanhui's "Landscape" axis, Yuan Zhao Mengfu's "Five-character Poems" axis and other national first-class cultural relics have been found, saving precious cultural relics for the country , Avoiding major losses.


  The documentary exhibition of Mr. Liu Jiu'an was launched simultaneously

  On April 13, the "Document Exhibition in Memory of Mr. Liu Jiu'an" and the symposium of "Liu Jiu'an Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Research Notes" was held in Jingxinzhai, Jushi Building, Dongcheng District, Beijing.

This event is hosted by the Palace Press.

  The exhibition space uses the study tools used by Mr. Liu Jiu'an during his lifetime to try to restore the old furnishings of the study, and strive to vividly restore the life scene of Lao Liu. The exhibits include Lao Liu's bookcase, desk, chair and the plaque of Zhao Zhiqian of the Qing Dynasty that has been hanging in the study room. Original couplet with Ye Gongchuo.

  The exhibition is based on "Liu Jiu'an Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Research Notes", which selects more than 20 original sets of notes with considerable academic value, typical appraisal cases, and friends in the appraisal circle. The time span runs through Liu's life, including the true paintings and calligraphy. False identification, textual research and interpretation of Lin Zexu's handwritten notes, Dong Qichang's works inscriptions, "Comprehensive Catalogue of Chinese Painting" excerpts, records of cultural relic appraisal talent training seminars, records of paintings seen in the United States, notes of Ming and Qing dynasties collected by the Shanghai Museum, numbered notes of the handwritten notes of the Four Monks and the Eight Monsters Wait.

The exhibition also displays several calligraphy works by Mr. Liu Jiu'an, as well as a set of poems exchanged with cultural celebrities that have never been made public. Among them are the handwritings of Mr. Zhang Heng, Xu Bangda, Xie Zhiliu, and Qi Gong.

  This group of articles / our reporter Zhang Enjie coordinated / Liu Jianghua