[Explanation] Recently, in Yuli County of Bayingoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture (hereinafter referred to as "Bazhou") in southern Xinjiang, one million acres of cotton has entered the filming stage, field cultivation, and scientific and technological means to help cotton sowing and spring ploughing.

  In the field, accompanied by the roaring sound of agricultural machinery, the driver only needs to set the tool offset and operating width according to the planting requirements on a high-horsepower tractor equipped with Beidou automatic navigation systems, and the tractor will be able to Under the guidance of the navigation system, it can drive automatically according to the planned route and sow seeds with precision and precision.

  [Concurrent] Wang Xiangjin, Director of Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Yuli County, Bazhou, Xinjiang

  For satellite navigation, this is sowing, this must be sowed straight, to the extent that the deviation cannot exceed two centimeters per 100 meters or so.

  [Explanation] Wang Xiangjin introduced that Yuli County plans to plant about 1 million mu of cotton in 2021. Some measures will be taken according to soil moisture in the land that is irrigated earlier in the autumn and winter of 2020.

  [Concurrent] Wang Xiangjin, Director of Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Yuli County, Bazhou, Xinjiang

  The first is that if the climate is suitable, we can use this double-film mulching method for sowing. If the climate is not suitable and the ground temperature cannot rise temporarily, we will first lay the film and drip irrigation tape, and wait until the ground temperature rises. It's stable, let's do some seeding on this membrane.

  [Explanation] In recent years, with the comprehensive deepening of the "land transfer +" model in many areas in Xinjiang, the promotion of land transfer to farmers' professional cooperatives, cotton industry enterprises, etc., has achieved unified planting and unified management, which has effectively promoted the improvement of cotton quality and efficiency.

By transforming the circulating scattered land into flat land and drip irrigation, high-standard farmland will be built, and all mechanized planting and intensive management will be realized.

  [Concurrent] Wang Xiangjin, Director of Agricultural Technology Extension Center, Yuli County, Bazhou, Xinjiang

  In 2020 and 2021, we will implement an area of ​​150,000 mu in two years. At the same time, this year (2021) we will also introduce the experimental demonstration smart agriculture project, which is based on the integration of water and fertilizer and make full use of the new Internet of Things technology. Throughout the entire growth period of cotton, monitor its moisture, diseases and insect pests in real time.

  [Explanation] Land transfer, breaking the traditional planting model, realizing the large-scale and modern development of agriculture.

After the land has been transferred, farmers have also increased their income by joining cooperatives and working in enterprises.

  [The same period] Adi Lijiang·Dolkun, a villager from Yingnu Village, Tarim Township, Yuli County, Bazhou, Xinjiang

  Our family has 40 acres of land in circulation. My cooperative drives a tractor and earns 5,000 yuan a month. We are now starting to spread the film. In order not to miss the farming season, we work overtime to try to sow the cotton earlier.

  [Commentary] Yuli County is located in the hinterland of Xinjiang Bayingoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, 520 kilometers away from Urumqi.

As a national high-quality commodity cotton base county, Yuli County will continue to vigorously promote suitable main plant varieties according to different regions, different water, soil, light, heat and other conditions in 2021, and achieve a scientific layout.

At the same time, comprehensive supporting technologies such as drip irrigation under the cotton film, formula fertilization, and comprehensive prevention and control of diseases and insect pests will be implemented to increase the yield, stabilize high yield, and increase the income of cotton farmers.

It is understood that the county's 1 million mu of cotton plans to complete the cotton spring planting work before April 25.

  Zhao Yamin, Yin Lin, Yue Jun reports from Yuli County, Xinjiang

Editor in charge: [Ji Xiang]