Migration put to the test by Covid-19

Migrants aboard the Ocean Viking, in the Mediterranean Sea, February 7, 2021 © Hippolyte / SOS Méditerranée via AP

By: Marie-France Chatin Follow

2 min

The crisis at the US-Mexico border is making its mark on Joe Biden's agenda more and more strongly, challenging the new tenant of the White House.


The year 2020 worldwide was marked by a historic drop in migratory flows.

In OECD countries, the reception of foreigners fell by 46%.

Same trends in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

There are many reasons for this: border closures, stationary air traffic, slowdown in maritime flows, sluggish economies.

An incredible break in a world whose migratory dynamics have been increasing for ten years and which should continue this year.

2020 was also the year of an unprecedented exodus, that of millions of people returning home in disaster.

The year also saw a sharp worsening of the precariousness of exiled people, some of whom were forced into confinement without a roof or protection, and which put undocumented workers on the front line.

The pandemic has impacted millions of people around the world, migrants, refugees and asylum seekers.



Catherine Wihtol de Wenden

, emeritus research director at CNRS.

Atlas of migrations

”, ed.



Hervé Le Bras

, director of studies at EHESS.


Atlas des Frontières

", March 2021


Bruno Tertrais

, deputy director of the Foundation for Strategic Research.

Senior Fellow at the Institut Montaigne.

"The demographic shock", ed.

Odile Jacob and co-author of “

L'Atlas des Frontières.

Walls, migrations, conflicts

”, les Arènes editions. 


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  • Immigration

  • Coronavirus

  • Refugees

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