What are the new characteristics of women being victimized?
How to prevent it?
Dialogue with criminal psychologists
Our reporter Mo Xin
What are the current changes and characteristics of women’s abuses?
Why is it difficult to protect female teenagers on campus?
How can a victimized woman avoid secondary harm?
What progress has the law made in preventing women from being victimized?
With these questions in mind, a reporter from Xinhua Daily Telegraph spoke to Ma Ai, a professor of criminal psychology at China University of Political Science and Law.
Professor Ma Ai is the deputy director of the Criminal Psychology Research Center of China University of Political Science and Law. He has long been engaged in research in the fields of crime and criminal justice psychology and deviant sociology, and has participated in the trial of a large number of real criminal cases.
In addition, Professor Ma Ai is also a creator of the "Watermelon Video" platform. His original short video program "New Knowledge Ten Lectures" is dedicated to teaching criminal psychology knowledge to help the public prevent crime and reduce harm, while learning to be in times of crisis. How to save yourself.
Reporter: What are the new changes, new situations and new characteristics of the violations against women?
Ma Ai: As far as the field of my research is concerned, compared with the past: First, violence against women in the family has increased, including abuse of girls, etc., especially during the epidemic, when people stay at home for a long time, it is very easy to have family conflicts. Violence against women; second, the use of information networks to infringe on women has increased.
Typical examples include "killing pigs", "naked loans", and information extortion; thirdly, crimes such as fraud and prostitution using women as tools are still high; fourthly, crimes against women such as sexual assault on children and sexual harassment have not decreased.
Reporter: How can women who have been illegally abused avoid secondary harm?
Ma Ai: To eliminate the influence of "secondary injury", there are several elements that need special emphasis. One is autonomy, that is, the victim's own psychological flexibility.
This is the basic ability of the victim to "come out" from the trauma at the psychological level.
How the victim views the events that have occurred, and how to face and adapt afterwards plays an important role in eliminating the impact of secondary injuries.
The second is mutual assistance. What I mean by mutual assistance refers to people of the same type who have similar experience of being violated sitting together to open up their hearts and discuss ways to cope with and repair the trauma. This is more effective in eliminating secondary injuries.
Of course, the organization and guidance of such activities particularly requires the intervention of social work organizations and social workers.
The last is to ask for help. The victimized women can either seek legal assistance, or seek help from psychologists or other social organizations. The help and guidance of professionals can often help victims to provide more professional and feasible solutions in psychological trauma repair. Suggest.
Reporter: What is the difficulty of campus protection for female adolescents?
Ma Ai: Many people think of the role of school when they talk about the protection of campuses of this type of group, but I want to point out that many girls choose to be silent when they are violated at school. This is in line with the psychological characteristics of teenagers. related.
Often these children would not tell the school and their parents when they were violated at school.
So what should I do?
In my opinion, when schools pay attention to female adolescents, they should pay attention to the importance of mutual help among children. It can rely on the role of peer opinion leaders such as class psychologists to establish a social support network among peers in the class. And mutual aid groups, so that students have the opportunity to speak to the target before they encounter serious violations, so as to prevent the problem before it happens.
Reporter: What progress has the law made in preventing women from being victimized?
What are the shortcomings?
Ma Ai: Our country has made significant progress in the protection of women's rights by improving relevant laws and regulations in recent years.
The promulgation of laws such as the Civil Code and the Anti-domestic Violence Law has made various measures to protect women's rights and interests further legally based.
Regarding specific violations, I can cite a few examples to illustrate: First, in the past, the law did not have clear standards for sexual harassment. For the first time, the Civil Code clearly defined sexual harassment, and also gave out what to do after women are sexually harassed. Basic path.
Furthermore, the contents of the crime of rape of underage girls and the crime of child molestation have been revised, and severe punishments have been proposed for such crimes, and explanations have been added for the crimes of sexual assault against teachers, doctors, guardians and other persons with special duties. These measures It all shows that the state is consciously strengthening the protection of women, especially women and children.
In addition, the Supreme Law, the Supreme Procuratorate, and the Ministry of Public Security have also clarified that women can take special defenses when facing violent crimes that seriously endanger their personal safety.
The implementation of special defenses that causes unlawful infringements of human casualties shall not be regarded as excessive defenses and shall not be held criminally liable.
It can be seen that the protection of women's rights in our country is constantly improving in terms of laws to follow, but there is still a long way to go in terms of strict law enforcement and prosecution of violations.
Especially vicious domestic violence incidents against women, sexual assaults on girls in rural areas, how law enforcement officers obtain evidence, and how public powers intervene, these are areas where law enforcement officers need to think and focus on improving.