Tai Lihua, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference:
Sign language "sing" the national anthem, expression and emotional expression are very important
On the afternoon of March 4, the Fourth Session of the 13th CPPCC National Committee opened in Beijing.
At the opening ceremony, Tai Lihua, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and head of the Chinese Art Troupe for the Disabled, and her sign language translator Hei Hong "sang" the national anthem in sign language.
This scene touched countless netizens. Some netizens left a message saying: "The power of silence can also shock people's hearts." "With awe, I hope that all the people can sing our national anthem."
It is reported that this refreshing "sign language version" of the national anthem ("National Sign Language Program for the National Anthem of the People's Republic of China") was formally implemented on March 1.
This is the first time the latest achievement of the standardization of the national common sign language developed with deaf sign language users as the main body, and it has effectively solved the desire of deaf sign language users to express the national anthem in a standardized, unified and serious manner.
Yesterday, a reporter from the Beijing News spoke to Tai Lihua, telling the story behind the sign language version of the national anthem.
Talk about feelings
Solve the desire to "sing" the national anthem for many years
Beijing News: You "sing" the national anthem in sign language at the opening ceremony. Netizens were very moved when they saw it.
What was your mood at that time?
Tai Lihua: I participate in the National Two Sessions every year. When the national anthem is played, I will silently recite every sentence of the national anthem in my heart, and use sign language to "sing" the national anthem with everyone.
On March 1st this year, the "National Anthem of the People's Republic of China" National Sign Language Program was officially implemented. This is the first time that the hearing-disabled is the main body. The standardized application country "sings" the national anthem through sign language, which solves the problem that we want to "sing" for many years. The wish of the national anthem.
A standardized sign language program allows deaf partners, including deaf friends in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, to understand the national anthem, sign language, and express expressions in accordance with the "National Anthem Law of the People's Republic of China" clearly stipulated, and do it when "singing" the national anthem. To be more comprehensive, standardized and unified, so as to more solemnly and sacredly express the national spirit and patriotism shown in the national anthem.
In fact, in the summer of 2018, I participated in a sign language program for the national anthem.
At that time, I received an invitation from Gu Dingqian from the National Sign Language and Braille Research Center, and I quickly agreed.
For many years, I have always felt that we do not have a standardized and unified sign language to sing the national anthem on many occasions. Now the national common sign language is gradually standardized. This is a rare opportunity that the sign language norms can reflect the country conveyed by the national anthem. The national spirit allows us to express our feelings about the national anthem more accurately.
Talk about practice experience
It is difficult to keep up with the melody card on time
Beijing News: In the process of formulating the sign language version of the national anthem, what suggestions did you make?
Tai Lihua: In June 2017, the Sign Language Committee of the China Association for the Deaf was commissioned by the China Disabled Persons’ Federation and the National Sign Language and Braille Center to start academic research and artistic creation of the sign language version of the national anthem.
We have collected more than 50 different regions’ sign language national anthem data and gesture play styles across the country. The play styles of sign language are different in each place. Just like the local dialects, there are six or seven styles of play for the word “forward” alone.
After more than a year of serious and repeated research, everyone finally gave me this task.
Recalling the situation where my team and I sang the national anthem wherever I went, some people just hummed softly on their lips, some gesticulated passionately, and some people murmured silently in sign language... I feel deeply. heavy responsibility.
First of all, I have discussed the importance of sign language standardization with experts many times, looking for the meaning of sign language standardization.
The lyrics of each sentence in the national anthem have been repeatedly scrutinized to determine which words should be typed out in strict accordance with the specifications and which words should be matched with sign language based on actual conditions.
The opinions of experts are very important, and their academic achievements are more worthy of respect.
Beijing News: In the video material of the national anthem in sign language, you participated in the recording and shooting. Please talk about this experience.
Tai Lihua: Although I am very familiar with the melody of the national anthem, the rhythm of the sign language must keep up with the melody of the national anthem, and the card points must be accurate. This is a certain degree of difficulty.
I want to master the new sign language as soon as possible in just a few days, and I have to overcome the lack of rigor in the previous sign language play. Even after practicing hundreds of times, there will always be some mistakes in the video recording.
In the lyrics, the word “flesh” means “flesh”. In the national common sign language, the finger of the right hand is pinched on the small thenar part of the left hand. Later, considering that the shooting should be more intuitive while taking into account the visual effects, I lightly stroked with a few fingers of my right hand The palm of the left hand expresses the need to cherish the lives of the martyrs in exchange for our peaceful and happy life today.
In addition to sign language during the shooting, expressions of facial expressions and emotions are also crucial.
When I first filmed, I used to "sing" with a smile on my face. Later I realized that I lost a sense of dignity. Singing the national anthem is a peaceful state of mind, which contains a lot of emotions, love and respect for the motherland, etc.
I thought of the difficult journey of my motherland, and thought of countless predecessors who exchanged their lives for our happiness today, so I repeated "singing" with the feelings of my homeland in a strong melody.
In the future, a sign language version of the Young Pioneers team song will be released
Xu Cong, vice chairman of the Chinese Association of the Deaf, is one of the drafters of the National Sign Language Program for the National Anthem.
Like many deaf friends, Xu Cong wanted to “sing” the national anthem when he heard the national anthem of the People’s Republic of China in the past. However, because there was no standardized sign language version of the national anthem, Xu Cong could only sing silently in his heart. "Songs, either can only be "sung" in irregular sign language.
As the implementer and executor of the national anthem project of the National Sign Language Edition, Liu Wa, director of the Special Education Editing and Publishing Center of China Publishing House, also feels deeply about this.
"National flag-raising ceremonies are held every week in schools for the deaf across the country. Teachers spontaneously teach students with hearing disabilities to express the national anthem in sign language. However, because there is no national standardized and unified plan, the sign language for expressing the national anthem is inconsistent."
In April 2003, when the Chinese Sign Language (revised edition) was published, the Chinese singer language version was presented for the first time.
Due to the limitations of the research conditions at the time, the sign language version had some problems that did not meet the visual language characteristics of sign language. It could not fully express the original intent of the national anthem. The hearing disabled could not fully accept it. In addition, it was not upgraded to the national standard. As mentioned above, this version of the sign language version of the national anthem has not been promoted and popularized, and the sign language is still used everywhere.
In December 2016, the China Disabled Persons’ Federation entrusted the Sign Language Research and Promotion Committee of the China Association of the Deaf (referred to as the Sign Language Committee of the China Association for the Deaf) to carry out the research on the National Anthem National Sign Language Program. The principals Qiu Lijun and Yang Guowei are both Deaf people are also experienced sign language users and researchers.
In the eyes of all the staff involved in this project, this is not a simple process.
If the national common sign language is compared to Putonghua, then the sign languages of all parts of the country are equivalent to dialects.
Liu Wa said that sign language “dialects” can be roughly divided into northern sign language and southern sign language. Therefore, the prerequisite for the research on the national anthem national common sign language program is to master and collect the sign language expressions from all over the country, and then collectively demonstrate, and finally determine which one What sign language is used to express the word.
Beginning in 2017, all members of the Sign Language Committee of the China Association for the Deaf have moved to 12 sign language information collection sites in Beijing, Shanghai, Liaoning, Hubei, and Jiangsu for about a full year. They conducted in-depth investigations through various methods and collected them extensively. Relevant materials, a total of 32 pieces of Chinese singer-language video materials were collected.
Subsequent demonstration work is even more complicated.
Xu Cong said: "We have held many meetings, and representatives of deaf friends from all over the country jointly demonstrated which sign language to express each word is more accurate." Due to the difference in sign language expressions between southern and northern sign languages, there are often three disputes over a sign language movement. Four hours.
Words such as "braking", "gunfire", and "Great Wall" were all settled after heated debates.
In addition, many documents and comparative analysis were referred to in the program research process. The investigators compared the sign language expressions of the national anthem lyrics in different regions, analyzed their commonalities and differences, and based on this, proposed a common national anthem national sign language standard program with a high degree of consensus.
Liu Wa said that researching and determining the national sign language is a long process. Taking the "National Sign Language Dictionary" as an example, the dictionary contains more than 8,000 sign language words.
8,000 words may not seem like a lot, but it took nearly 8 years. It is the common research result of many sign language researchers and deaf friends.
On September 1, 2018, the China Disabled Persons’ Federation and the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education officially launched and promoted the national sign language version of the national anthem at the opening ceremony of the new school year of the Beijing Qixi Experimental School.
Liu Wa recalled that at the release event that day, when hundreds of students and teachers "sing" the national anthem in the national common sign language at the same time, the "singing" scene was very solemn and spectacular because the sign language movements were all unified.
On March 1 this year, the "National Sign Language Program for the National Anthem of the People's Republic of China" was formally implemented.
The reporter learned that the sign language version of the national anthem is only a small part of the national common sign language project. In addition, common sign languages used in subjects such as mathematics, physical education and rhythm, computer, fine arts and other subjects have already met with deaf friends one after another.
Xu Cong told reporters that now he and his partners from the Sign Language Committee of the China Association for the Deaf are still sparing no effort to recruit sign languages across the country, hoping to include more sign languages in the "National Sign Language Dictionary", so that the deaf people across the country can communicate with each other. obstacle.
The reporter learned that in the future, the national general version of the Chinese Youth Pioneer Team Song and the national general version of the Chinese Communist Youth League Team Song will be launched one after another.
Beijing News reporter Wu Tingting