"Internet celebrity fireworks" facelift is still on sale
Driven by profit, smoking ban is spent in multiple links, there are management loopholes, reporter investigation found
● Cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" have relatively low ignition points and can be ignited with matches or lighters. This means that there is a fire hazard during transportation, storage, and sales, and the burning speed is relatively fast. Once a fire occurs Spread rapidly
● According to my country's "Fireworks and Firecrackers Safety Management Regulations", "Hazardous Chemicals Safety Management Regulations" and other regulations, whether it is cold light fireworks as fireworks and firecrackers or "steel wool fireworks" as flammable dangerous goods, its production, transportation and storage And sales activities should obtain administrative permission from relevant regulatory agencies
● After multiple notices were issued, there are still online shops selling cold-light fireworks and "steel cotton fireworks". There are loopholes in security checks in subways, express delivery and other links. Buyers and sellers can still receive and sell goods normally.
□ The reporter's trainee reporter Zhang Shoukun
□ reporter Wang Yang
During the Spring Festival, fireworks and firecrackers accidents occurred in many places, and the safety risks of cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" aroused concern.
On February 14, the Ministry of Emergency Management issued a notice on its official website, clearly incorporating cold-light fireworks into the management of fireworks and firecrackers, and centralized cleaning up and rectifying illegal online sales. On February 16, the Office of the Work Safety Committee of the State Council proposed rectification requirements, which are currently in physical stores and online platforms. All "steel wool fireworks" sold must be removed from the shelves and properly disposed of; on February 19, the State Post Bureau issued an emergency notice requesting postal administration departments and postal and express companies to strictly prevent illegal delivery of cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks".
In just a few days, multiple departments issued intensive documents, and there was no "transition period" or "buffer period", which shows the determination of the relevant departments to govern.
However, a recent investigation by a reporter from the "Rule of Law" found that after multiple notices were issued, there are still online shops selling cold-light fireworks such as "fairy glow sticks" and "electronic fireworks" and "steel cotton fireworks" that can throw cool visual effects. From the actual implementation situation, there is still a lot of gap between the requirements of "all off the shelves" and "prohibition of illegal delivery"; there are loopholes in the security check of subways, express delivery and other links, and buyers and sellers can still receive and sell goods normally.
In addition, there are still no clear regulations on how to detect and identify, and how to properly dispose of the “steel wool fireworks” that sellers take the initiative to remove from shelves and buyers buy.
Low ignition point, high risk
Misunderstandings in public perception
In January of this year, in Taizhou, Zhejiang, a woman used "steel wool fireworks" to play "flowers" in a parking lot for a video shoot, which caused a vehicle to catch fire; in Shanghai, a man played "steel wool fireworks" on the roof of a car. ", the sparks produced caused the two cars to suffer...
Why are cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" so dangerous?
Kou Liping, a professor at the School of Public Security of the People’s Public Security University of China and director of the Urban Emergency Management Research Center of the Capital Social Security Research Base, explained that cold light fireworks and “steel wool fireworks” have relatively low ignition points and can be ignited with matches or lighters, which means that they can be ignited during transportation. , There is a fire hazard in the process of storage and sales, and the burning speed is relatively fast. Once a fire occurs, it will spread quickly.
"The temperature of the luminous firework nozzle is as high as 700℃ to 800℃, and the temperature of the'steel wool firework' burning can reach 2000℃. It will not only burn the skin during use, but also ignite the surrounding combustibles." Kou Liping said.
It is worth noting that a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily found in an interview that the public has misunderstandings about these two products.
The first is the name and classification.
A reporter from the "Rule of Law Daily" found that many people do not know what cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" are.
After the reporter of the "Rule of Law" showed the real photos of cold light fireworks, some talents suddenly realized: "Isn't this a flower, I used to play when I was young." "Steel wool fireworks" look like flat steel balls for washing dishes, few people Knowing what it is, these people who don’t know even include the bosses, couriers, security inspectors, etc. of the fireworks sales point.
Many interviewees would regard cold-light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" as one kind of items, and they all belong to fireworks.
The reporter of the "Rules of Law Daily" learned by calling the Anhui Fireworks and Firecrackers Association and consulting related regulations that cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" are actually not the same thing.
"Fireworks Safety and Quality" stipulates that fireworks are made of pyrotechnic powder as the main raw material. After being ignited, they will burn or explode to produce light, sound, color, shape, smoke and other effects. They are used for viewing and are flammable. Explosive dangerous items.
"Steel wool fireworks" are filamentous low-carbon steel, which does not contain pyrotechnics. It is a material mainly used for polishing stone. It has a low ignition point and forms a liquid at high temperature. It is flammable. Cold light fireworks are flammable and explosive. The product has been included in the management of fireworks and firecrackers.
The second is safety awareness.
A reporter from the Rule of Law Daily found that both sellers and buyers have problems with weak fire safety awareness.
In many online shops selling cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks", the introductions of the merchants are "no danger", "photographic props artifacts" and so on.
A shopkeeper said that just follow the instructions and online videos to play, but don’t wear down jackets or woolen fabrics.
A consumer who has bought "steel wool fireworks" also believes that it is enough to find a larger open space and it will not be dangerous.
Can cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" be set off in the future?
Kou Liping said that according to the notice, cold-light fireworks can still be sold and set off in areas where fireworks and firecrackers are allowed, but they should be managed in accordance with the "Fireworks Safety Management Regulations."
Du Leqi, an associate professor at the School of Law of Jiangsu University, also told the reporter of the Rule of Law Daily that according to my country’s “Fireworks and Firecrackers Safety Management Regulations”, “Hazardous Chemicals Safety Management Regulations” and other regulations, whether it is used as cold-light fireworks of fireworks and firecrackers, or as flammable fireworks The production, transportation, storage and sales of “steel wool fireworks” of dangerous goods shall obtain administrative licenses from relevant regulatory agencies.
The online platform is still on sale
There are loopholes in the transportation link
What is the current situation of consignment of cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks"?
Soon after the Office of the Work Safety Committee of the State Council put forward the rectification request on February 16, reporters from the Rule of Law Daily went to Tianjin Heping District, Hedong District, Hebei District and other urban areas for on-site visits, and consulted Tianjin City, Jiangsu Province via telephone and WeChat. Sales in some townships in Lianyungang City, Zhenjiang City, Suzhou City, Anhui Province and other places.
Through a summary of the information obtained, the reporter of the "Rule of Law" found that at present, for "steel wool fireworks", the physical fireworks stores in many cities are basically in place, and the store owners basically say that they have never purchased goods; for cold light fireworks, there are some bans on burning. Private purchases and sales in violation of regulations in prohibited areas, but such cases are rare.
How about some online stores and platforms with sales of tens of thousands and the flood of "net celebrity fireworks"?
A reporter from the "Rule of Law Daily" found that after the relevant notice was issued, cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" have become prohibited words on multiple e-commerce platforms, and related products have not been found by direct search.
However, if you search with keywords such as "fairy sticks", "net celebrity fireworks", "hand-operated iron flowers" and other keywords, you will find that there are still many stores selling, and most of these online stores can still deliver goods normally. There are more orders during the Spring Festival.
On February 17, a reporter from the "Rule of Law Daily" contacted a Taobao merchant selling "steel cotton fireworks". The store said that the logistics was updated normally, and now they can be purchased and shipped immediately, and they will not be sold after two days of strict control.
In the afternoon of the same day, a reporter from the "Rules of Law Daily" tried to place an order for "steel wool fireworks" with "15 packs and tools", and the next day showed that it had been delivered successfully.
On February 19, a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily found that the store had been emptied, so he contacted the seller again, saying what to do if he wanted to buy it in the future, and received the WeChat store (WeChat) address sent by the seller.
At present, the Taobao store has no products on the shelves, but as of press time, the micro-shop can still be bought and sold normally.
On February 22, a reporter from the "Rule of Law Daily" received the goods normally, stating that there were reminders on the paper that "you can go through security checks, and you can take trains and planes."
In order to verify the seller’s claim, a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily came to Tianjin Jingjiang Road Metro Station on the afternoon of the day the goods were received.
After explaining his intention in advance, a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily put a part of the "steel wool fireworks" on his body and entered the subway station without triggering the security alarm.
And here, you can take Metro Line 2 directly to Tianjin Station, and you can enter the station directly without repeating the security check.
It is understood that security inspection equipment such as X-ray inspectors, portable detectors, and detection inspection doors in railway stations, passenger cars, and subways can detect almost the same things; aircraft security inspections will be stricter, and "steel wool fireworks" may be detected.
According to the "Regulations on the Management of Prohibited Items", "steel wool fireworks" should be classified as "explosive, flammable, corrosive, toxic, infectious, radioactive and other items that endanger the safety of delivery". The inspection system is to inspect on the spot whether the items delivered by users are prohibited items.
However, reporters from the Rule of Law Daily still received the goods normally.
A reporter from the "Rule of Law" observed that the seal used to pack the "steel wool fireworks" box was written "exquisite vegetables".
Wang Mou, the person in charge of the SF express delivery point in Xiaoxian County, Suzhou City, Anhui Province, told the reporter of Rule of Law Daily that this situation may be caused by the seller telling the courier that this is vegetables or other items after packaging in advance, and the courier did not open the box for inspection. .
Wang said that in accordance with the formal process of express delivery, even if the package has been packaged, the courier should open the box and inspect it after notifying the customer. Some things such as "steel wool fireworks" may not be found during the express delivery process; if the courier I don’t know or the seller can’t tell what this kind of thing is. In a serious and responsible attitude, the courier should also refuse to send the package.
Why do cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" have these loopholes in production, transportation, and sales?
Du Leqi believes that, on the one hand, driven by interests, unlicensed companies use relatively concealed methods to produce, transport, store and sell these products. For example, when selling, businesses will dilute or even cover up that they are fireworks or flammable. The commodity attributes of the product make it impossible for the regulatory authorities to quickly and efficiently investigate such violations, or the investigation costs are high; on the other hand, the scarcity of regulatory power and resources, and the contrast between the proneness and recurrence of violations , Also objectively weaken the effect of market supervision.
Intensified supervision in various regions
How to properly handle pending solutions
It is understood that the emergency bureaus, public security bureaus, municipal supervision bureaus, traffic bureaus, post offices, fire rescue brigade and other departments in many places have urgently carried out relevant activities to strictly investigate and deal with the production, transportation, sales and display of cold light fireworks and "steel cotton fireworks". behavior.
On February 18, Pingchang County, Bazhong City, Sichuan Province carried out a centralized rectification operation, investigated and dealt with 4 illegal acts of selling fireworks and firecrackers without a license, confiscated 17 cold-light fireworks "time lanterns" and more than 300 boxes of "golden sparklers"; Tianjin; The Dongli District Emergency Bureau set up 4 inspection teams, inspected 48 stores of various types, found 12 potential safety hazards, rectified 12 on-site, and investigated and dealt with according to law (2 cold fireworks sticks were confiscated on site); Suzhou City Public Security Bureau, Anhui Province Yang Junnan, a policeman from the Taogou Police Station of the Yongqiao Sub-bureau of the Bureau, told a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily that various fireworks sales booths have become the subject of product inspections by the police. At the same time, dealers will be strictly controlled to ensure that these products do not flow to the market.
Du Leqi said that relevant departments responsible for the production, transportation, and sales of fireworks and firecrackers, while implementing their main supervisory responsibilities, should closely cooperate and timely share illegal information in the process of supervision and law enforcement to improve supervision efficiency. And effects; the safety supervision department responsible for the supervision of the production and operation of fireworks and firecrackers shall cooperate with the operators of the network platform to comprehensively investigate and crack down on violations of laws and regulations related to such products; public security departments that supervise the safety of fireworks and firecrackers transportation , While increasing supervision, it should also cooperate with the express delivery industry regulatory agencies, industry associations and other subjects to block the transportation channels of such products.
It is worth noting that in order to rectify "steel wool fireworks", it is also necessary to avoid accidentally injuring steel wool.
It is understood that steel wool is actually a polishing material, mainly used for grinding and polishing stone products, metal products and wood products.
The rectification requirements put forward by the Office of the Work Safety Committee of the State Council mentioned that the normal production and supply of steel wool used in industrial production and residents’ lives should be guaranteed to prevent simplification and “one size fits all”.
What should I do with the cold-light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" purchased online before the merchants have properly removed the products?
This problem also plagued the reporters of the Rule of Law Daily who bought the "steel wool fireworks."
Kou Liping said that the destruction of inflammable and explosive materials is a highly professional job.
She suggested that the cold light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" stored at home should be handed in and destroyed by professionals.
But whoever delivers the product to it becomes a problem.
To this end, reporters from the Rule of Law Daily contacted Tianjin Public Security Bureau, Tianjin Fire and Rescue Corps, and Tianjin Hedong District Emergency Management Bureau.
The person in charge of the Public Security Management Team of the Tianjin Public Security Bureau stated that according to regulations, fireworks and firecrackers can be handed over to the public security department, but the "steel wool fireworks" may belong to fire protection.
The person in charge of the fire prevention department of the Tianjin Fire Rescue Corps said that he had not received any notice about this matter.
The person in charge of the relevant department of Tianjin Hedong District Emergency Management Bureau stated that the cold-light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" confiscated by market supervision and other departments will be handled uniformly, but the voluntary submission may be related to fire protection and public security.
A reporter from the Rule of Law Daily found through inquiries that according to the “Regulations on the Safety Management of Fireworks and Firecrackers” and the “Regulations on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals”, the public security department is responsible for the public safety management of fireworks and firecrackers and hazardous chemicals.
But "steel wool fireworks" do not belong to fireworks and firecrackers. The person in charge of the relevant department of the China Chemical Safety Association told the reporter of "Rules of Law Daily" that "steel wool fireworks" are not dangerous chemicals either.
So how to properly dispose of cold-light fireworks and "steel wool fireworks" remains to be solved at present.