China News Service, Beijing, March 3 (Reporter Chen Su) March 3 this year is the 8th "World Wildlife Day", the reporter learned from the China State Forestry and Grassland Administration (referred to as "National Forestry and Grass Administration") that day , China continues to increase the protection of wild animals and plants. So far, the wild population of giant pandas has increased to 1864.
China is one of the countries with the richest biodiversity in the world. The species of wild animals are very rich. There are 7,300 species of vertebrates alone. Among them, many rare and endangered wild animals such as giant pandas, South China tigers, golden monkeys, and crested ibis are unique to China.
The National Forestry and Grass Administration stated that in recent years, China has continuously improved the legal system and management system for wildlife protection, strengthened international cooperation in wildlife protection, vigorously implemented wildlife habitat protection and rescue breeding, and ex situ protection of wild plants. And return to nature, etc., effectively protected 90% of vegetation types and terrestrial ecosystems, 65% of higher plant communities, and 85% of key protected wild animal populations.
The populations of rare and endangered wild animals and plants such as giant pandas, crested ibis, Tibetan antelope, cycads, and Davidia involucrata have achieved restorative growth.
Up to now, China has established stable artificial breeding populations for hundreds of rare and endangered wild animals. In particular, the wild population of giant pandas has increased to 1,864, the total number of wild and artificially breeding populations of crested ibis has exceeded 5,000, and the wild population of Asian elephants has increased to There are more than 300 heads, and the wild population of Tibetan antelopes has recovered to more than 300,000.
China's newly adjusted "List of National Key Protected Wild Animals" added 517 new species (categories) of wild animals, including a total of 980 species and 8 categories of wild animals.
At the same time, China has built nearly 200 botanical gardens at all levels and various types, collecting and conserving more than 20,000 species, accounting for 2/3 of the flora.
This year marks the 40th anniversary of China's accession to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
It is understood that China has established cooperative relations with 18 countries and 11 international protection organizations, strictly prohibits the import of ivory and closes the domestic ivory market, further implements the ban on trade in tigers and rhinos, strictly prohibits excessive consumption of wild animals, and resolutely combats wild animals. Illegal trade in animals and plants.
The global theme of this year's "World Wildlife Day" is "Forests and Livelihoods: Maintaining Humanity and the Earth", calling attention to wildlife, especially forest protection and local residents' livelihoods.
China’s theme is "promote green development and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature", aiming to adhere to the concept of "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains", adhere to the priority of conservation, protection, and natural restoration, guard the boundaries of natural ecological safety, and explore human The road to harmonious coexistence with nature.