There are more kindergartens and less charges
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, my country's preschool education has achieved leapfrog development.
The reporter learned from the Ministry of Education: In 2020, the total number of kindergartens nationwide will reach 291,700, and the total number of kindergarten children will reach 48,182,600. Compared with 2015, the number of kindergartens has increased by 30%, and the scale of kindergarten children has increased by 13%.
The national gross enrollment rate in the three years before school reached 85.2%, an increase of 10.2 percentage points, and the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens reached 84.74%, an increase of 17.5 percentage points from 2016 (the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens was started in 2016), which exceeded the party The goal and task of universalization and inclusive benefit determined by the Central and State Council.
Cracking the difficulty of entering the park
A child Yang Xianya, who lives in Luomian Village, Lushan Town, Kaili City, Guizhou Province, went to a public kindergarten built in the village.
Yang Xianguo’s mother said: “The kindergartens in our village are in good conditions, the teachers are good, and they can enjoy free nutritious meals.” Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Kaili City has invested more than 200 million yuan in building and rebuilding public kindergartens in rural areas. In this way, full coverage of rural kindergartens has been achieved.
Since the implementation of the "Several Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Deepening the Reform and Standardization of Preschool Education", the Ministry of Education, in conjunction with relevant departments, has deployed various localities to implement three consecutive preschool education action plans. The central government has established a special development fund for preschool education, with a total investment of more than 80 billion yuan , To guide and encourage all localities to vigorously develop public parks, actively support inclusive private parks, and build a public service system for preschool education covering urban and rural areas with a reasonable layout.
A large number of kindergarten construction projects were implemented in various places, and the number of inclusive kindergartens increased significantly.
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, 4,224 kindergartens were built, renovated and expanded in Gansu, basically establishing a rural preschool education public service system covering the county, township, and village levels.
More than 3,000 kindergartens have been built, renovated or expanded in Jiangsu, and more than 500,000 new degrees have been added.
Guizhou has continuously implemented the preschool education breakthrough project, newly built, renovated and expanded more than 5,200 public kindergartens, achieving at least one public central garden in each township, and half of the rural areas have built public kindergartens.
Compared with 2015, the gross enrollment rate of 8 provinces including Tibet, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Jiangxi will increase by more than 15% in 2020; the coverage rate of inclusive kindergartens in 13 provinces including Fujian, Heilongjiang, Shanxi and Guangxi The growth rate exceeded 20%; the proportion of children in public kindergartens in 8 provinces including Hainan, Jiangxi, Hunan and Zhejiang increased by more than 10%.
Resolve far into the park
The brand-new park, spacious activity room, and professional faculty relieved parents who came to send their children to the kindergarten. This is the scene when the kindergarten built simultaneously in the Blue Diamond Manor Community, Wulian County, Rizhao City, Shandong Province was opened.
Since 2018, Wulian County has strictly implemented the special rectification requirements for supporting kindergartens in urban communities. 4 supporting kindergartens have been handed over to the government for free and 5 have become inclusive private kindergartens, and more than 2580 inclusive degrees have been added.
Supporting kindergartens in urban communities are an important public service resource, but due to inadequate supervision, there are chaos such as not being built, less built, diverted for other purposes, and turned into profit-making kindergartens.
In 2019, the State Council deployed the management of supporting parks in urban communities. The Ministry of Education, in conjunction with the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and other six departments, promoted investigations in various regions, established a ledger, and addressed the problems of inadequate planning, construction, transfer, and inclusive benefits. Promote rectification to ensure that the supporting parks in the community become public parks or inclusive private parks.
All localities attach great importance to it and take multiple measures simultaneously.
The governing vice governors of provinces such as Liaoning, Jilin, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Shaanxi, Gansu, etc. acted as leaders of the governance working group. Provinces such as Hebei and Guangdong included the governance of community supporting parks in the evaluation indicators of municipal and county governments in fulfilling their educational responsibilities.
Shandong and Guangxi incorporated the supporting parks that were handed over to the education department to become public parks into the organization's establishment management, and timely resolved the shortage problem by verifying the number of teachers employed and other methods.
Yinchuan, Ningxia and Yiyang, Hunan have opened "green channels" for the approval and approval of new, reconstruction and expansion projects, and special approvals are made to improve the timeliness.
"After two years of unremitting efforts by local governments and relevant departments, the hard bones of community supporting park governance have finally been gnawed away." According to Lu Yugang, director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education, as of the end of 2020, the supporting parks that have completed rectification across the country will be newly added. There are more than 4.16 million academic degrees, of which the number of governance supporting parks in 7 provinces including Shandong, Guangxi, Henan, Hebei, Jiangsu, Chongqing, and Jiangxi has exceeded 1,000, and the number of inclusive degrees has increased by more than 200,000.
Ease the expensive admission
After Mingfa Dongfang Kindergarten in Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province was recognized as a universal kindergarten, the childcare fee was reduced from 2,500 yuan to 1,170 yuan. Mr. Xu, who lives nearby, said happily: “After Erbao was born, life pressure increased. The policy of benefiting the people came too timely." In 2020, Nanjing City stipulated that the newly recognized inclusive private kindergartens shall not charge more than 50% of similar public kindergartens (800 yuan/month). 2200 yuan subsidy.
Letting the kindergarten fees come down has always been the eager expectation of the broad masses of people.
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Education, together with relevant departments, promoted the continuous improvement of the pre-school education investment and cost-sharing mechanism. On the other hand, on the basis of scientifically verifying the cost of running a kindergarten, establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for public kindergarten fees, implement inclusive private kindergarten fee guidance prices, and curb excessively high fees for kindergartens.
With the government's financial support, the fees for inclusive private parks have gradually come down.
In addition, the state has also established a pre-school children's subsidy system to subsidize the admission of children with financial difficulties to the kindergarten.
The more the government bears, the less the burden on the people.
Beijing Municipal Finance provides subsidies for kindergartens that provide inclusive services at a rate of 12,000 yuan per student per year, whether public or private, and it has truly realized that the public financial subsidies for inclusive preschool education are the same as the parents' payment.
Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province hires a third party to approve the cost of inclusive private parks. Parents only need to pay the fees for public parks of the same level, but not part of the government’s full subsidy has achieved the same quality of inclusive private parks and public parks. price.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education stated that during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the problems of "difficulty in entering the kindergarten", "far to enter the kindergarten" and "expensive entrance" have been effectively alleviated, and more and more families have benefited from it.