Do you understand the high-frequency words in the cloud pictures of confirmed cases at wedding banquets and village clinics in Shijiazhuang?

  According to the National Health Commission, 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps have more than 100 new local confirmed cases for 4 consecutive days (107 new cases on the 12th, 124 new cases on the 13th, and new cases on the 14th) 135 cases were added, 115 cases were added on the 15th).

Cluster epidemics have occurred in Beijing, Sichuan, Liaoning, Hebei, Heilongjiang and other places one after another, and mentioned that the epidemic has two major characteristics:

Spread to rural areas.

The epidemics in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, Suihua, Heilongjiang and other places all occurred in rural areas or the fringe of urban and rural areas.

Wide spread.

Activities such as gatherings of people, wedding banquets, and gatherings have exacerbated the spread of the epidemic, showing a trend of outward spread.

  These two characteristics of this round of epidemics in Shijiazhuang, Hebei and Wangkui, Heilongjiang are particularly obvious.

The outbreak is concentrated in rural areas

  On January 15, Shijiazhuang added 83 locally confirmed cases and 11 local asymptomatic infections.

According to statistics, more than 80% of the new positive cases in Shijiazhuang are from rural areas, and most of the confirmed cases are farmers, and they are basically related to Gaocheng District and Zengcun Township, which are highly correlated and clustered.

  On January 15, 21 local confirmed cases were added in Wangkui County, Heilongjiang.

According to the investigation, most of the confirmed cases and asymptomatic infections in Wangkui County are villagers in Huiqi Village, Huiqi Town.

High-frequency words about confirmed cases such as wedding banquets, funerals, self-medication, etc.

  The first confirmed case in Hebei was a 61-year-old woman in Xiaoguozhuang Village, Zengcun Township.

Her travel trajectory before the diagnosis showed that she had rode an electric car to visit relatives at her sister's house in a rural village in Xinle City, and took a local vehicle to a nearby hotel to attend a wedding.

  As of 24:00 on the 16th, the trajectory of confirmed cases has been announced, showing that some confirmed cases attended multiple gatherings within a few days, especially wedding banquets.

Taking the newly confirmed cases in Shijiazhuang on the 15th announced today as an example, 10 out of 83 people have attended a wedding banquet.


  In addition to "wedding banquets," "full moon banquets, trade fairs, conferences, examinations, village activities, self-medication, and village clinics" have also become high-frequency words in the trajectory of confirmed cases.

Therefore, the Shijiazhuang epidemic is highly correlated and clustered.

  In Wangkui, Suihua, Heilongjiang, the announced itinerary of confirmed cases also shows that some cases have participated in multiple weddings in succession, and some have had multiple dinner parties.

Why have rural areas become a weak link in epidemic prevention and control?

The rural areas enter the winter leisure period, and there are more gathering activities

  According to the flow survey, most of the confirmed cases and asymptomatic infections in Wangkui County were villagers in Huiqi Village, Huiqi Town, and they all gathered for dinner.

Li Jie, a farmer in Wangkui County, said that the countryside is now entering the winter leisure period. At the end of the year, there are more marriages and more gathering activities. Usually everyone has relaxed prevention and control. Some villagers have recently participated in three or four weddings.

Rural residents’ hygiene awareness is relatively weak

  From the information on the flow of confirmed cases in this Hebei epidemic, it is not difficult to find two high-frequency words: self-medication and clinic.

When residents have fever, they will first take some medicine at home, and secondly, if they can’t handle it, they will go to the township doctor for infusion.

Rural residents generally do not have the awareness of "I want to do nucleic acid testing", which leads to missed opportunities for early detection.

Rural primary health conditions are relatively backward

  Local government resources are limited, some rural doctors lack the ability to recognize the new coronavirus, and primary medical institutions do not have the ability to diagnose and treat.

The earliest suspected cases in this round of the epidemic in Hebei were delayed in diagnosis and treatment, and reported to the source.

Village clinics and other basic-level medical institutions should become "outposts" for epidemic prevention and control, but instead become "severely affected areas" for cross-infection.

How to prevent epidemics in rural areas?

New regulations in many places

Beijing: Implementing the system of "personnel contracting households" and insisting on the combination of civil air defense and technical defense

  Beijing has introduced 20 management measures for the risk of epidemic prevention and control in rural areas. Among them, it is mentioned that the check-in code and registration measures shall be strictly implemented, and all foreign personnel shall be registered for scanning codes of "Healthcare" to ensure that the information is traceable; The system of "specialized households" adheres to the combination of civil air defense and technical defense to ensure that home control personnel "do not leave their homes."

Inner Mongolia: Guide farmers and herdsmen to promote village cleaning

  In view of the fact that the rural pastoral areas are multi-faceted and long-term, and the medical and health conditions are weak, the agricultural and animal husbandry departments at all levels in Inner Mongolia actively advocate that the “red incidents” in the rural pastoral areas should be reduced as much as possible, and the “funny incidents” must be reduced. , To truly achieve non-essential meals, not travel far, and not return to the hometown; guide the majority of farmers and herdsmen to promote village cleaning activities, mobilize the masses to clean up and improve the environmental sanitation in front of and behind the houses, and do a good job in villagers’ small squares, garbage pools, and livestock and poultry Cleaning and disinfection of breeding places, etc.

Henan: More than 50 people in rural areas need to report for dinner

  Near the Spring Festival, the Henan Provincial Market Supervision and Administration Bureau proposed that organizers of rural collective dinners should consciously fulfill their filing obligations, and dinners with more than 50 people should be reported to the local epidemic prevention and control department; the organizers should ensure the health of themselves and their kitchen staff and take personal protection ; Set the distance between tables and chairs reasonably, reduce the number of people dining at a single table, and control the safety distance.

Guangxi: migrant workers and students from outside the district must report 24 hours in advance when returning home

Tianjin: postponed celebrations, brief funerals, no banquets

Sichuan: No mass celebration celebrations, no dam banquets, no gatherings of religious and folklore activities

  Make up for the shortcomings of rural epidemic prevention and control

  Maintain the position of prevention and control of rural epidemics

  No winter is insurmountable

  No spring will not come