Having a large prostate can lead to more or less annoying urinary problems.
From the age of 60, a majority of men will suffer from an adenoma of the prostate, a benign and easily treatable tumor which must be monitored to avoid complications, as explained by doctor Jimmy Mohamed on Europe 1.
Talking about a tumor always makes people think of cancer and worries patients.
Yet prostate adenoma is a benign tumor that manifests as an enlarged prostate and affects a large majority of men over a certain age.
Indeed, as Dr Jimmy Mohamed reminds us in
on Europe 1, "60% of 60-year-old men will have this hypertrophy. And at 85, 90% of them will suffer from it" .
It is not serious if it is checked regularly enough because treatments exist.
An enlargement that creates urinary problems
Prostate adenoma is a very little used formulation.
We prefer that of "benign prostatic hypertrophy", which concretely means "a large prostate", explains Dr. Jimmy Mohamed.
As he recalls, "in general the prostate is the size of a walnut, it is very small. With age, this nut will grow bigger and take the shape of a small peach or an apricot" and this evolution will cause trouble.
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These will essentially materialize "in urinary life", specifies Jimmy Mohamed.
More precisely, by "problems of obstruction and retention" but also "a rather weak jet, awakenings at night, difficulty emptying his bladder".
Beyond that, complications can occur and in particular an infection which will give "prostatitis. They can influence the urinary tract and lead, when they are not treated, to renal failure".
Several treatments depending on the situation
The best way to control your prostate is "rectal examination, going to see your doctor from 50-55 years", advises doctor Jimmy Mohamed.
If an adenoma is found, it is necessary to "evaluate the gravity and the severity of the disease", because several treatments exist.
As the doctor explains, it can be "herbal medicine, plants".
The use of "alpha-blockers which will relax the sphincters to fight against the difficulties in emptying the bladder" is also possible.
Other treatments can finally "reduce the size of the prostate".
Resorting to surgery is also an option, "when everything else hasn't worked," warns Jimmy Mohamed.
Depending on the surgeon, the condition of the prostate and the patient's decision, there is no immediate need for invasive surgery.
"Laser or micro-invasive techniques may be sufficient. For example, we will re-educate your prostate, remove small chips to reduce the volume and sometimes enucleate it, that is to say remove part of the prostate compartment".
Treatments that are more or less embarrassing but which are always preferable to the development of the benign tumor.