[Explanation] On January 9, the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology held an on-site meeting of archaeological excavation experts in the Quyuan Administrative District of Yueyang City, where the Luozi National City site is located, and announced the important harvest of archaeological excavations in the second half of 2020-a batch of spring and autumn. Pottery, stone tools and other relics of the late stage are among the earliest relics of Chu culture discovered in Hunan.

  According to the records of Ying Shao Annotation of "Han Geography" and "Shui Jing Annotation of Xiangshui" and other documents, when the king of Chu Wen moved Luozi State from Zhijiang River to Luoxian area, the ruins of Luozi State City are the only historical site in China that can demonstrate Luozi State. The only site in the city.

In 2020, the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out archaeological excavations on the site of Xiaozhouluo at the Luozi National City site due to the construction of facilities for the protection and utilization of the Luozi National City site.

  According to Sheng Wei, the person in charge of the archaeological excavation project and a librarian from the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Xiaozhouluo is located in the north of the Luozi State City site, facing the Miluo River on the east and north, and about 250 meters from the north wall of Luozi State City on the south.

The actual excavation area was about 2500 square meters, and a batch of relics such as borrow pits, pottery kilns and buildings that may be related to pottery and stone making activities, as well as ash pits, water wells and other relics related to daily life were found. A large number of pottery, stone tools and other relics were unearthed.

  [Concurrent] Sheng Wei, Librarian of Hunan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology

  The main relics are now only a small part of the sort. Generally speaking, the age of these pottery should be concentrated between the middle of the Spring and Autumn Period and the middle of the Warring States Period. Moreover, the pottery remains of the middle and late Spring and Autumn Period are the most abundant. The basic combination of utensils is 鬲, Pots, beans, pots, 甗, etc., are almost similar to similar artifacts found in the Xiangyi Plain in Hubei.

  [Explanation] Sheng Wei said that a small number of pots, pots, and printed pottery with local characteristics were also unearthed this time.

In addition to the utensils used in daily life, many pottery racks, cushions, residual stone materials, etc. related to handicraft activities such as pottery and stone making, as well as the debris of wall construction were unearthed from the site.

Only one bronze axe and a few pieces of bronze were found on the bronze ware.

  At present, the archaeological team has completed the assembling and statistical work of 60 pottery unearthed in the ash pit. It is estimated that the number of pottery that can be repaired is more than 150 pieces, of which more than 30 pieces have been restored, and more than 1,000 pieces of various types of pottery specimens have been selected.

  [Concurrent] Sheng Wei, Librarian of Hunan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology

  Judging from the characteristics of pottery, the upper limit of the overall age of the site should be the middle of Spring and Autumn. Basically, we think it may be a record of the inhabitability of the people of the Chu culture system after entering the Xiangjiang River Basin.

  Reporter Xu Zhixiong and Deng Xia report from Yueyang, Hunan

Editor in charge: [Bian Liqun]