"Space suit", "shoehorn" and "hot pot pot"

These three cultural relics at Jinsha Site have their own Internet celebrity characteristics

  At the beginning of 2001, the stunning discovery of the Jinsha site opened the "golden age" of archaeological discoveries in Chengdu. The golden mask, the sun bird, gold leaf, and various jade articles...constructed a magical, imaginative, and unique cultural connotation. It is known as the first major archaeological discovery in China at the beginning of the century.

  In the Internet age, these cultural relics that existed thousands of years ago also have the potential to become "net celebrities". Before, there was a bronze sun wheel that "hit the face" bus steering wheel unearthed in Sanxingdui, and later there was a moiré copper five-poster in Anhui Museum. Router, now the Jinsha Site Museum also has three artifacts, like space suits, shoehorns and hot pot pots made by ancient Shu people!

  On the 7th, the Chengdu Commercial Daily-Red Star News reporter, led by Yao Kai, a gold medalist at the Jinsha Site Museum, saw these three cultural relics.

Yao Kai said that apart from knowing that these three cultural relics belong to sacrificial articles and living utensils, there is no way to know what they are used for.

Now, let's take a look at these cultural relics with the reporter, and open your mind to guess their purpose together.

  Ancient Shu "Space Suit"-Shang and Zhou Bronze Figure

  For visitors to the Jinsha Site Museum, the cultural relic that must be punched in is the sun bird.

But did you know that beside the sun bird, there is also a Shang and Zhou bronze humanoid that resembles a space suit.

  The bronze humanoid is of bronze quality, 4.54 cm long, 1.37 cm wide, and 10.35 cm high. It is only as big as a palm, and the overall shape is like an erect human.

"Look, the whole shape, the limbs and torso are complete, that is, there is no human head, but an exaggerated round hole is used instead of the human head. This round hole looks like a space suit today," Yao Kai said.

  There is a small round hole on both sides of the shoulder and the calf near the foot of the Shang and Zhou bronze humanoids. Through experimental analysis, the cultural relic should be a decoration used to hang on some artifacts during sacrifice.

At the same time, instead of the human head with a round hole, there should be some spliced ​​artifacts in the position of the round hole.

  If you look closely, there is a triangle on its waist, as if wearing a pair of briefs.

Yao Kai said, "Everyone knows that Chinese clothes, clothes refer to tops, and skirts are trousers or skirts. It is accurately recorded by the Chinese that the first person to wear trousers is Zhao Wuling, starting with the riding and shooting of Hu clothing. Ancient Shu people There are triangular pants on the shape of the, we believe that this should not be an innovation, it should be a special expression. Some scholars believe that the triangular pants are a kind of reproductive worship of the ancient Shu people, which means the prosperity of the tribe."

  Ancient Shu "hot pot pot"-pottery pot

  In the "Remote Ancient Homes" exhibition hall of the exhibition hall, there is a pile of pottery. Among them, a pottery with the word "pottery basin" only has attracted the attention of reporters.

"We haven't found any historical records for this pottery basin, and its shape is very special. It is impossible to study its function." Following Yao Kai's finger guidance, the reporter saw that the pottery pot was cylindrical in the middle with a small hole on the front and back. There is a balance beam at the top of the column and a small hole in the middle, and the three holes communicate with each other.

  It is understood that the pottery pot was found in an ash pit in the living area of ​​the ancient Shu people.

Ash pit is a place (similar to a cellar) used by the ancients to load household garbage and store items. It was called an ash pit because it was grey when unearthed.

"The ash pit is an important reference for studying the life of the ancients. If they eat and wear utensils, they break it or throw it into the ash pit if they break it. Therefore, we can understand the ancients from the artifacts in the ash pit. Everyday life.” Yao Kai said, although this pottery pot was unearthed from the ash pit, but apart from knowing that it is a living utensil, there is no other information. The weighing beam in the middle of the pottery pot is used to lift it or use it. There is no way to know who came to hang it.

They once guessed whether this was used for oil, lighting, or foot washing. “But whether the ancient Shu people wash their feet or not has to ask a question mark.” Yao Kai laughed and said that if in modern times, pottery basins should be us. Used to blanch hot pot.

  Ancient Shu "Shoehorn"-Shang and Zhou concave-blade jade chisel

  In the exhibition hall of Jinsha Ruins Museum Exhibition Hall, there is a cultural relic of different sizes and similar shapes called "Shangzhou concave blade jade chisel", which is mainly made of tremolite nephrite, with brilliant colors. It is white, opaque, mixed with reddish brown, yellow, black, light yellow, cloud-like, strip-like, and silk-like spots, just like a natural picture.

The shape of the concave blade jade chisel of Shang and Zhou Dynasties is a long trapezoid, one side is straight, the other side is outer arc, and the straight side has an inner concave shape near the tail. From the top-down grinding and polishing traces clearly retained on the top, it can be seen that this is ancient Shu A depression made deliberately.

  "What did you first react when you saw it?" Yao Kai asked.


  "Yes! Many people, including us, think it looks like a shoehorn when they see it for the first time." Yao Kai continued, because the concave-blade jade chisel was made of jade and there were no leather shoes in the ancient Shu period. It should be a shoehorn.

The artifact was unearthed in the sacrificial area, so it should be a ritual instrument used during sacrificial worship.

  Yao Kai said that in the culture of southwestern China, the concave edge jade chisel has not appeared in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the Yellow River basin, except for the excavation of the Jinsha site. “Instead, it was in Yunnan and Guangxi in southern China, and then went south. , Such as the Ganges site in Vietnam, today Burma and Laos, there are such artifacts unearthed. Therefore, we believe that such artifacts should be the jade artifacts created by ancient Shu ancestors. Later, with the spread of commercial trade and culture, It was brought to Southeast Asia.” Yao Kai said that the existence of the concave-blade jade chisel proved that the cultural exchanges between China and Southeast Asia were smooth thousands of years ago, and it is also a strong evidence of the strong output and communication of ancient Shu culture. During the period, the ancient Shu ancestors jade processing technology in Chengdu area and important physical materials of bronze civilization.

  However, there is no record in the history books about its specific function, and relevant experts have no way to study it.

  Chengdu Commercial Daily-Red Star News reporter Qiu Junfeng Zeng Qi