Chinanews client, Beijing, December 22 (Reporter Shangguanyun) When talking about the history of Peking Opera, Ma Lianliang is a figure who can't get around.

As a famous Peking opera artist, his performance style is unique and he has always innovated the art of opera.

  On the 22nd, "Dragon Horse Spirit Sea Crane Posture-The 120th Anniversary Exhibition of Mr. Ma Lianliang’s Birth" opened at the Capital Museum, showing his stage career and "Ma Pai" through more than 100 pieces of precious documents, Peking Opera artifacts, pictures and video materials The essence of art.

A special commemorative exhibition

  Chinese Peking Opera has a long heritage.

Ma Lianliang is the founder of the "Ma Pai" art and is included in the "Four Big Bears before and after" Peking Opera. He also left many classic repertoires and valuable cultural heritage.

"Long Horse Spirit Sea Crane Posture-120th Anniversary Exhibition of Ma Lianliang's Birth".

Photo courtesy of the Capital Museum

  2021 is the 120th anniversary of Ma Lianliang's birth.

On the 22nd, the "Long Horse Spirit Sea Crane Posture—Mr. Ma Lianliang's 120th Anniversary Exhibition" opened to show the audience the life experience and stage art of this Peking Opera master.

  From the content point of view, the exhibition is divided into three parts: the first part is the Xusheng Taidou, which mainly tells the life track of Ma Lianliang in the historical background; the second part is as gentle as drama, through Ma Lianliang’s classic representative repertoire and exquisite opera costumes, Shows his pinnacle achievements in art.

  In the third part, the chrysanthemum is very popular, using Ma Lianliang's communication and teaching as a clue to show his influence at home and abroad, and his artistic heritage.

In addition to popularizing the knowledge of Peking opera, this exhibition also provides a way for the audience to feel the charm of Peking opera.

The legend of Beijing opera masters

  This exhibition attracted the attention of many theater fans.

The story of Ma Lianliang also attracted the attention of many visitors.

  In 1901, Ma Lianliang was born in an ordinary family in Beijing.

His father, Ma Xiyuan, opened a "Menma Tea House", where fans and fanciers often sang operas.

  Ma Lianliang once recalled that because of the opening of a tea house at home, Jin Xiushan, De Junru, and Liu Mingshan all went there for tickets. "So I have been addicted to singing since I was a child. At that time, when people asked me what I was going to do in the future, I didn't have any Hesitatingly answered: I'll sing a show tomorrow!"

"Long Horse Spirit Sea Crane Posture-120th Anniversary Exhibition of Mr. Ma Lianliang's Birth".

Photo courtesy of the Capital Museum

  It can also be said that in Ma Lianliang's mind, he has been calculating the word "singing opera" since he was a child.

  Later, the family decided to ask Ma Lianliang to learn opera. He was eight years old that year.

After some hard work, in 1927, the 26-year-old Ma Lianliang independently picked the Chunfu Society for the first time, and gained fame and prestige.

In 1930, he founded the Fufeng Society.

Created "Horse School" art

  Starting from about the 1930s, Ma Lianliang entered a glorious period of his artistic career, and his performing arts became more mature.

  It is worth noting that he has continuously innovated the art of Peking opera and boldly made changes. He integrated the performance methods of "life" and "end" into one, forming a new style combining singing, thinking and doing, creating a unique style "Horse School" art.

  In terms of repertoire, Peking Opera "Orphans of the Zhao Family" is a masterpiece of Ma Lianliang's acting career in the next two decades. So far, this play is still a long-standing famous drama on the Peking Opera stage.

  After becoming famous, he also began to train disciples and students.

At the apprenticeship meeting of Wang Helin and Wang Jinlu, Xu Lingxiao summed up Ma Lianliang's art as "integrating the strengths of all families and giving play to their own strengths".

  In Ma Lianliang's view, the same is true for teaching: scholars cannot learn by death, each has its own body, can achieve similarity, and then use it according to its own characteristics.

  Later, the students benefited from Ma Lianliang's precepts and deeds, and most of them became "posts", which also enabled the Ma School of art to be passed down.

  Now, many years have passed.

Some people say that Ma Lianliang's stage career has run through the golden age of the development of Peking Opera in the 20th century, and he is also a landmark representative of Chinese Peking Opera.