Chinanews client, Beijing, December 1st (Reporter Zhang Ni) Today is the 33rd World AIDS Day.

According to data released by the UNAIDS, in 2019, there were approximately 1.7 million new HIV infections worldwide and 690,000 deaths from AIDS-related diseases.

  In China, although the overall epidemic situation continues to be at a low prevalence level, AIDS is still the infectious disease with the number of reported deaths.

At the same time, some new changes in the infected should also arouse vigilance.

Data map: College students call for the elimination of AIDS discrimination.

Photo by Meng Delong

Infectious disease with the highest number of deaths

  According to the "Global AIDS Prevention and Control Progress Report 2020" released by the UNAIDS in July this year, there will be approximately 1.7 million new infections in 2019, which is more than three times the global target value. The world's efforts to prevent new HIV infections are far Far behind the established goal.

  The report also pointed out that 690,000 people died of AIDS-related diseases in 2019, and of the 38 million people living with HIV, 12.6 million people still have no access to life-saving treatment.

  In addition, a report recently released by UNICEF shows that in 2019, nearly 320,000 children and adolescents were infected with HIV and 110,000 children and adolescents died of AIDS.

About every 100 seconds, a child under 20 is infected with HIV.

  In China, although the overall epidemic situation continues to be at a low epidemic level, the prevention and control work still has a long way to go.

  According to official data, as of the end of October 2019, 958,000 AIDS-infected people have been reported nationwide.

  The National Health and Welfare Commission released the National Statutory Infectious Disease Epidemic in 2019 in April this year, showing that nearly 21,000 people died of AIDS in the country in 2019, accounting for 83% of the total number of deaths from infectious diseases in Category A, B, and C, which is the reported death The number one disease.

Data map: College students from Henan colleges sign the banners.

Photo by Wang Zhongju issued by China News Service

Newly infected people show "two-headed" male-to-male behavior at high risk of infection

  The "Healthy China Action (2019-2030)" clearly stated that by 2022 and 2030, the HIV infection rate of the entire population will be controlled below 0.15% and 0.2% respectively.

  However, in recent years, the trend of "two-headedness" among new HIV infections is worthy of vigilance.

The so-called "two heads" refers to the increase in the number of young students and elderly people infected.

  According to data disclosed by the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019, young students between the ages of 15 and 24 in China have reported about 3,000 cases of AIDS each year in recent years.

  The other group is the elderly.

Wu Zunyou, chief epidemiologist at the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, previously stated that the increase in elderly infected persons far exceeds the increase in the elderly population.

  Data show that in recent years, the number of reported cases of infection among the elderly in China, especially males over 60 years of age, rose from 8,391 in 2012 to 24,465 in 2018.

  Another phenomenon worthy of vigilance is the risk of infection caused by male homosexual behavior.

  A few days ago, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention released the "Updated Core Information on AIDS Prevention in 2020."

It shows that in recent years, more than 95% of newly diagnosed HIV-infected people in China have been infected through sexual means, and heterosexual transmission accounts for about 70%.

National surveillance data show that about 8 out of every 100 men who have sex with men are infected with AIDS, which is at a high risk of infection.

  In recent years, data released by some local disease control departments also show that one of the main ways of transmission of AIDS among students is through male-to-male sex.

Photo by Wang Gang

To prevent AIDS, you must understand these core knowledge!

  AIDS is not only a problem in the field of public health, but also a major challenge that the whole society needs to deal with.

Popularization of HIV prevention knowledge is essential.

  Regarding AIDS prevention, these key information you need to know:

  1. Unsafe sex is the main cause of the sexual transmission of AIDS. Unsafe sex with greater risk of HIV infection includes unprotected male same-sex sex, sex with non-fixed partners, and paid sex.

  2. Taking new types of drugs can cause serious loss of judgment and make people more likely to have unsafe sex.

To improve the ability to identify new types of drugs, drugs may be transformed into "Coke", "milk tea", "Jelly Peas", to increase vigilance against drugs, stay away from drugs, and maintain physical and mental health.

  3. The correct use of condoms throughout the course of sex is one of the most effective measures to prevent AIDS.

  4. If you have unsafe sex and suspect that you may be infected with AIDS, you should actively seek AIDS testing. Under the evaluation and guidance of your doctor, use blocking drugs as soon as possible within 72 hours, which can effectively reduce the risk of infection.

  5. Individuals often have behaviors with a high risk of AIDS infection and should be tested regularly for AIDS. It is recommended to know the infection status in time and treat them as soon as possible. The earlier the treatment, the better the recovery of the body’s immune function.

  6. Young students are in the sexually active period, they should learn and master the knowledge of sexual health and understand the risk of HIV infection that may be faced by unsafe sex. This is the key to avoiding HIV infection.

  7. In order to maintain personal and family health, during critical periods such as marriage and pregnancy, both spouses should actively undergo AIDS testing, with less worry and more peace of mind.

  8. Without knowing whether the sexual partner has AIDS, rather than having unsafe sex, which is at risk of infection, both parties should be tested for AIDS to ensure each other's health.

  9. The voluntary counseling and testing clinics of the CDCs provide free and privacy-protected HIV testing and counseling services for individuals in need.

  10. At present, China has approved the listing of AIDS urine self-test reagents, which can be self-tested at home.

  11. If the self-test result is positive, you must go to a medical institution or CDC for confirmation, and receive consultation and follow-up treatment services.

  12. People living with AIDS are victims of the disease, and their legal rights and interests such as marriage, employment, medical treatment, and school attendance are protected by law.

  13. After being infected with AIDS, take the initiative to inform your spouse and sexual partner of the infection, and take protective measures to avoid infection by others.

Knowing that he is infected with AIDS and still prostitution, whoring, or deliberately failing to take precautionary measures to have sex with others and cause a person to be infected with AIDS, he will be punished with the crime of intentional harm according to law.