I want to be near you in the future-Men's childcare leave in each country-November 27, 20:52
I am 30 years old.
Talking to friends of the same age when the child was born can lead to childcare leave.
But regardless of the type of business, these words come out.
"It was a good hard to think might resonate with future career," "but I wanted to take, among the busy work, frowns could not be adjusted likely to be the boss,"
his wife only take childcare leave, the husband and wife that There are still many in my generation.
But the world is working on it, and Japan is starting to move.
(International Department Reporter Satoshi Sekiya)
The air that can't be taken is in the way
"If you have a child, would you like to take childcare leave?"
A survey conducted by a career change website management company last year.
Eighty-six percent of men said they would like to get one.
According to the law, it can be obtained by applying to the company at least one month before the worker wishes to take a leave of absence.
However, according to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the acquisition rate last year was 7.48%.
The most common reason for the low acquisition rate in the questionnaire was that "there is no atmosphere in the company where it is easy to take childcare leave."
Apparently there is a "feeling of air" that is difficult to take.
How are other countries working?
France: Mandatory acquisition rate to 100%
Some countries have answered this question as "mandatory."
In France, about 70% of men take leave to accompany their wives' childbirth.
The system was revised in July next year with the aim of achieving a 100% acquisition rate, and it has been decided to require acquisition for at least one week.
It is said that each violating company will be fined more than 900,000 yen in Japanese yen.
The aim is to reduce the burden on women.
In fact, even in France, women are more than twice as long as men when compared to the time spent on childcare and housework.
For companies, personnel may be lost more frequently than before, and there was some opposition from the business community to the reform of the system, but President Macron said, "When a child is born, only the mother is the child. There is no reason to take care of it. "
Some companies have created an in-house system that goes even further.
L'Occitane, a major French cosmetics manufacturer, operates in about 90 countries.
This spring, we set up a system that allows all male employees to take paid leave for their wife's childbirth for three months.
Geiger said that enhancing the system is an "important business strategy."
Chairman Reynold Geiger
"The situation has changed from when I was young. There are so many young men who want to be with their newborn children. If the system is enhanced, excellent young people who want to value their home and work. Will not quit the company, and some young people have decided to join the company under this system. If more dads actively use the system, a sense of solidarity will be fostered on how to efficiently fill the hole of one person. "
And he said with a smile.
"Initially, some managers said that my company's system couldn't work, but there are a lot of young employees working in our company. It's best to have a company that is close to the wishes of young people. Isn't it a company? "
South Korea: Dads who started sending
How about in Asia?
In recent years, the number of employees taking childcare leave has been increasing in South Korea.
Song Ji-yun, 35, took 10 months of childcare leave from last year to this year when his wife returned to work.
None of the men around him had acquired it, and no substitutes were replenished, so he was concerned about his eyes.
"I thought it was unavoidable that my promotion would be delayed, but I was worried that it would cause trouble for others."
Last year, the number of men who took childcare leave exceeded 20,000 for the first time in South Korea, a record high.
It is said that it is the effect of various system revisions, but it seems that it is necessary to change the "feeling of air" in order to spread it further.
Under these circumstances, what is spreading now is the transmission of "dads" who have experienced childcare leave.
More and more men are talking about parenting on video distribution sites.
One of them is Oh Sang-wook (37).
Mr. Oh took childcare leave last year when he was working for a company.
Now he is active as a YouTuber, and he is pushing the backs of men who are hesitant to take childcare leave, saying, "Childcare is difficult, but I am very happy to spend time with my family."
Mr. Oh Sang-wook
“I often receive consultations about childcare leave. I feel that the number of people taking childcare leave is gradually increasing, and the awareness of society as a whole is changing. On the other hand, childcare leave for men is stipulated by law. Many people don't know that it's a natural right, so I want to spread it even more. "
Such steady efforts may change the "feeling of air."
Sweden: Taking childcare leave is "natural" due to long-term efforts
Last month, I had a slightly surprising encounter.
Johannes Andreason, 40, an employee of the Swedish Embassy.
Andreason is raising a 3-year-old son.
He had already taken two and a half months of childcare leave in 2018, but is currently taking his second, seven-month childcare leave.
He said he thought he needed more time to spend with his children.
I asked him if he was hesitant to take childcare leave for such a long time.
Andreason "When I consulted about taking childcare leave, I wasn't told anything negative. Many men other than me are taking childcare leave at work. The embassy is taking childcare leave. There are people who work in place of the people inside, and we have a system to cover them. Personally, I don't think there will be any impact on my career. At work, men take childcare leave. However, there is no problem, and I heard that if you do not get it, you may be wondering why you do not get it. "
It was 46 years ago that Sweden introduced a childcare leave system that men can take.
Initially, the main idea was that "child-rearing is the role of women," and men rarely acquired it.
The situation changed in 1995.
A 30-day childcare leave period, "Daddy's Month," which only fathers can take, was set up and expanded to 90 days four years ago.
As a result, the number of men taking childcare leave has steadily increased.
Andreason is now spending time with his family in Sweden.
The company-owned wife continues to work, so she takes care of her son alone during the day.
"I am convinced that men have the same ability to raise children as women. Raising children gives them a better understanding of their children and gives them responsibility and awareness in raising children. I think that by taking on the role, a man becomes a "father". "
I felt that the long-term government efforts changed the way men think about childcare leave and child-rearing.
Discussions going on in Japan
In Japan as well, discussions have begun to promote the acquisition of childcare leave for men.
The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare is a council made up of representatives of labor and management, which obliges companies to make the system known to workers and combines short vacations immediately after the birth of a child for a total of four weeks. We are studying the creation of a new system that allows us to take a break.
Taking childcare leave becomes a "natural" society
Different countries and families have different ways of thinking about the division of roles between husbands and wives and how to raise children.
But even in Japan, the number of men who want to take childcare leave is steadily increasing.
Through this interview, I felt that strong and long-term efforts to show the will of the country are indispensable for spreading the use of childcare leave for men.
"A society where it is natural for men to take childcare leave and face their children and their families."
I hope that when I become a father, I hope that this society will be established.
International Department Reporter
International Department Reporter
International Department Reporter