Tang Xiaoyu Qiangdan China Youth Daily·China Youth Daily reporter Li Chao
As the procedures for reporting the loss and making up for it become more and more convenient, it seems that the loss of ID cards will no longer cause much trouble to people.
But the experience of Ms. Wang in Guizhou proved that losing her ID card was not a trivial matter.
In September this year, when Ms. Wang was questioned, the police said that they wanted to know the status of her ID card.
During that time, Ms. Wang kept receiving debt collection calls and letters.
A few years ago, her ID was stolen in the rental house. Although the loss was reported and the new certificate was reissued, her father, who was far away in her hometown, received frequent dunning calls and dunning letters from other provinces. The letter said Ms. Wang I owe a lot of money to others online.
In fact, Ms. Wang has never handled a loan online.
Ms. Wang is just one of thousands of victims in a series of ID card transactions.
On November 19 this year, the Huishan District People’s Procuratorate of Wuxi City filed a public prosecution against criminal suspects such as Qian and Yang for the crime of buying and selling identity documents.
Mr. Cai is a staff member for the overhaul of the facilities of the train carriage. During work, he often finds the missing ID cards of passengers under the seats of the trains, and they are generally unclaimed.
So he took these ID cards home, accumulated hundreds of them, and began to consider how to deal with them.
In 2017, Cai added a friend to WeChat, chatted with him about ID cards, and sold some of them. Each ID card costs 50 yuan.
Tasting the sweetness of non-profit trading, Cai took the opportunity to search for the missing ID cards of passengers. Even some flight attendants took the opportunity to take away the ID cards that were kept at the counter after being picked up by no one.
In 2019, Cai was stuck in buying wealth management products and was eager to get money in order to plug the hole.
He searched for keywords such as "ID Card" on the Internet, and joined a WeChat group. When he chatted with the group owner about buying and selling ID cards, he learned that the price of ID cards is high and low. The general market is 40 post-60s and post-70s ID cards. One yuan, one ID card for women born in the 1990s is 60 yuan, and the rest are 50 yuan.
Cai and the other party negotiated the price and sent dozens of ID cards to the designated address by express delivery.
In a few months, Cai sold more than 1,300 ID cards to the group owner and made a profit of about 69,000 yuan.
In June of this year, the police arrested him at Cai's home and found 138 second-generation ID cards that had not had time to sell.
In October, Cai was sentenced to 5 years in prison for the crime of buying and selling identity documents and fined 20,000 yuan.
The above group owner is a man born in 1986, Qian, who was sentenced to 3 years in prison for the crime of buying and selling identity documents in 2016.
After he was released from prison in 2019, he has been unemployed to do whatever the money comes. WeChat account, aphrodisiac, fake academic certificate...As long as someone pays, everything can be traded.
Qian has 5 QQ accounts and 5 WeChat accounts, making it easy to engage in a variety of transactions.
In addition to Cai, there is also Yang after 00 who provided his ID card.
In April of this year, Qian met Yang from Guangdong on the Internet, and the two sides negotiated a transaction at a price of 80 yuan per ID card.
Qian bought the certificates and then reselled them to others. His customers included only a few ID cards, and some had large purchases.
Depending on the quantity of purchase, Qian gives customers different degrees of preferential treatment. The price of the single ID card he sold ranges from 200 yuan to 400 yuan.
If the customer has special requirements for the ID card, such as the remaining validity period, province, gender, age, etc., Qian will send the Baidu cloud disk link with the ID card to the other party for selection.
As a seller, Qian often advertises "clean, magnetic and no bad records".
He also issued a friendly reminder, telling the agents and customers in the group that the cards with real-name registered ID cards must not be used for fraud, otherwise everyone "cannot eat and walk", and asked the agents to remind their customers that the card is safe.
In fact, Qian doesn't care about the purpose of customers buying ID cards.
Among the criminal suspects upstream and downstream of the transaction chain, there are many post-90s or even post-00s.
After 00, Yang was one of Qian’s family members. After he obtained the supply of ID cards from others, he reselled them to Qian and others at a high price.
One of Qian's next family was Ma, a Cantonese born in 1996, who bought about dozens of ID cards from Qian.
In addition to meeting his own needs, Ma also resells his ID cards at a price of 400-800 yuan. Most of the buyers are young women who spend time at night markets. This has boosted the market for ID cards for young women born in the 1990s.
According to the police, most buyers will only buy 1 to 2 tickets for a variety of purposes. Some are for high-speed rail tickets, some are for job hunting, and some are for hotels.
In May of this year, the police arrested the suspects Qian and Yang who were conducting ID card transactions and opened a breakthrough. Within a few days, they arrested several suspects in Shenzhen, Nanjing, Hangzhou and other places.
According to Wang Qiang, director of the Sixth Prosecution Department of the People's Procuratorate of Wuxi Huishan District, the criminal suspects made full use of network resources to realize in-person transactions.
The two parties negotiated the transaction through instant messaging tools such as QQ and WeChat groups. Customers rely on Internet platforms such as Baidu Cloud Disk to preview and select their favorite ID cards, and use Alipay or WeChat to pay.
Once the transaction is concluded, the ID card will be delivered by express delivery, etc. The transaction is extremely concealed.
Wang Qiang reminded that a resident identity document is a personal credit mark of a citizen. After a criminal suspect purchases another’s identity document, it is highly likely to be used for illegal and criminal activities, such as fraudulently using other’s identity information for hotel check-in procedures, illegal bank cards, and opening "Leather bag company" engages in illegal crimes, etc., which endangers a fair and honest social environment, and also harms the personal credit of the original owner of the ID card.
The procuratorial agency recommends that residents strengthen their awareness of ID card management. At the same time, it is recommended that public security, finance, transportation and other departments further strengthen linkages, improve supervision measures, and establish a verification system for invalid resident ID information to realize the immediate invalidation of the ID card after reporting the loss, and fundamentally block To avoid management loopholes, create a legal and standardized ID card use environment.
Tang Xiaoyu Qiangdan China Youth Daily·China Youth Daily reporter Li Chao Source: China Youth Daily