The reporter followed the frontline personnel to visit the seventh census on the spot——

Check accurately and find out the family background

  Our reporter Han Xin

  "People's Daily" (13th edition on November 03, 2020)

  Core reading

  On November 1, the seventh national census was officially launched.

The reporter followed the frontline census taker to conduct field interviews on the census.

Different from the past, this year's household census will be carried out in an electronic way, and data will be directly reported in real time.

Through careful division of the census area and the use of big data comparison and verification methods to ensure that the census registration is true, accurate, and accurate.

  At 0:00 on November 1, with the arrival of the standard time for the census, the seventh national census was officially launched, which means that more than 7 million census workers across the country will enter thousands of households on this day, and carry out one by one. Census registration.

  "It is of great significance to carry out the seventh national census. This is a major national situation and national strength survey carried out at the stage of high-quality development in our country." At the mobilization meeting held on the afternoon of October 30, Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission and Director of the National Bureau of Statistics Ning Jizhe said that household registration is the most important part of the census, which determines the quality of the census data and the success or failure of the census.

  So, how is the national census carried out?

Compared with the previous one, what are the new features of the seventh census?

On the day the census was officially opened, the reporter followed in the footsteps of frontline census workers and conducted field interviews on the census.

How to conduct the census

Fully electronic

Directly report data in real time

  "36 degrees, normal body temperature."

  At 9:30 in the morning on November 1, the weather in Beijing was cold.

In the neighborhood committee of Lincui Community, Olympic Village Street, Chaoyang District, community workers are measuring the temperature of census taker Guo Haiyan and making final preparations before the census.

  Putting on his work clothes and wearing his credentials, Guo Haiyan walked quickly to the Jingshiyuan community on the side.

"In order to improve work efficiency, since October 11, we have carried out a round of preliminary surveys in the community and established a register of account names. Now, the number of people living in each household is basically clear."

  At the time of speaking, Guo Haiyan has come to the first place to register.

"Hello, Teacher Yu, I am a census taker and I come to do census work." After explaining his intentions, Guo Haiyan put on a mask and shoe covers, and entered the house to start registration.

  "How many people in your family live here?" "Is there a new population from November 1 to yesterday?" Guo Haiyan asked, taking out a smart phone to input information at any time, name, ID number, gender, age, ethnicity , Education status... Within 10 minutes, all the 6 members of Yu's family have been submitted to the report.

  "Different from the past, this year's household census was carried out in an electronic way, and data was directly reported in real time, which not only reduced the workload, but also improved the efficiency of data collection." Guo Haiyan told reporters.

  After opening the census data collection platform, 7 households have been officially registered in less than one hour.

"The census work is skillful, basically it is three minutes to ask, seven minutes to listen, in order to grasp various situations in time." Guo Haiyan said, at the same time, the time for entering the house should also be arranged reasonably.

Most residents go to work during the day and are not at home, so they should make more use of morning, midnight, and weekends to conduct household surveys.

  Register from door to door.

On November 1, the census was opened, and Guo Haiyan became the representative of many census workers busy on the front line.

"In Beijing, a total of 115,000 census personnel have entered thousands of households. They come from community workers, community properties, district units, and resident volunteers." Zhang Jing, a staff member of the Beijing Census Office, said that during the census 10% of households will be randomly selected to fill in a long census form to investigate more detailed demographic information.

The entire registration process will continue until the end of December 10.

How not to miss

Detailed division of the census area

Check with big data

  The population status is the most basic national condition of a country, and the census is an important means to find out the “family” of the population.

As a nationwide mobilization survey of national conditions and power, in a large country with a population of more than 1.4 billion, how to ensure that the census registration is true, accurate, and accurate?

  An important task before census registration is to divide the census area.

The relevant person in charge of the Census Division of the Population and Employment Statistics Department of the National Bureau of Statistics introduced that the census area is divided into six levels: province, prefecture, county, township, census area, and census district based on the principle of region.

The census area is based on village dwellings and is divided into several census districts according to the workload that a census taker can undertake.

These census areas are not overlapping with each other, and all areas can be connected to complete coverage.

  The Lincui community, with a population of 5831 households, is divided into 49 census districts, with 15 instructors and 60 census takers participating in the census.

During the census, the census taker walked into the home of the household he was responsible for to register the population.

  It should be noted that with the increase of population mobility, the phenomenon of household separation is common, how can we ensure that statistics are not repeated?

  “If you live in your hometown and live in other places, we will register at both ends, and we will perform the weighting when we summarize.” In Lincui community, Guo Haiyan encountered this situation in a household with three people living in Xi’an. It will indicate that the household registration is in Beijing, but the person is in Xi'an.

The census takers working in Xi'an will make the opposite notation so that they will not be repeated.

"For another example, a person's current residence and residence are not registered, but it is in the administrative record. After feedback, we will also search for this person to ensure that it will not be missed."

  In order to ensure the authenticity and accuracy of the data, it is understood that the seventh national census will collect the ID number of the census object for the first time to achieve comparison and verification with the administrative records of public security, health and health departments, and at the same time use big data to carry out comparison and verification. , A multi-pronged approach to solve the problem of underreporting the population in the field registration.

In addition, in order to ensure data quality, in terms of registration methods, not only the census takers use electronic equipment to register, but also the way for census subjects to fill in their own reports via the Internet.

"Choose the head of household who is self-reported, and the backstage will generate a QR code for it. You only need to scan it with WeChat and fill in the self-reporting code and password provided by the enumerator, and then you can start reporting." Guo Haiyan said.

What is the significance of the census

Contribute to national development

Benefit people's lives

  Walking in the Lincui community, census propaganda slogans can be seen everywhere, which read "the population has changed in ten years, and the regular census is of great significance."

So, what is the significance of the seventh census?

  As far as the country is concerned, “the implementation of the seventh national census is an inevitable requirement for accurately grasping the population situation of our country, and an objective need to solve the population problem and related social problems.” Ning Jizhe said, verifying the total population, distribution, and Important information such as structure will provide important information for the implementation of the national strategy to actively respond to population aging and promote high-quality development. It will also provide solid population data for the preparation of major national strategic plans and scientific formulation of policies in various fields such as population, economy, society, and people’s livelihood. data.

  In fact, the census is not only meaningful to the country, the results of the census will also benefit everyone who participates in the census.

Chen Weimin, a professor at the School of Economics of Nankai University, for example, from age statistics can analyze how many school-age children in a region need to go to school and how many elderly people need to take care of, so as to guide relevant departments to plan schools and service facilities for the elderly; it can be obtained from population employment data. Which groups of people have difficulties in obtaining employment, so as to formulate targeted policies to promote employment.

Even when disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and major epidemics occur, census information can help determine the number of people and materials that need assistance.

  “Only when everyone participates in the census, can the census data reflect the true situation of a country’s population and benefit every family and every person,” said the relevant person in charge of the National Bureau of Statistics.

  According to reports, in accordance with the "Seventh National Census Program", after the preliminary preparation stage and the official census registration stage, the census enumerators will be registered in the households, and the comparison and review will be carried out. After the registration is completed, the quality will be carried out afterwards. Random checks and other work, and from December 2020 to December 2022, enter the data aggregation and release stage, and successively process, aggregate, and evaluate data, release main data bulletins, and develop and utilize census data.