Compensation negotiations for the "Bridge House" in Guangzhou are still continuing, and the street claims to provide at least three houses in ten years
Near the junction of the Pearl River and Mayong in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, the newly opened Haizhuyong Bridge was stolen by an old brick building. Many citizens deliberately came to watch and take photos in front of the house, and some even knocked on the window to shout to the owner.
The brick house is located in the middle of the road on the southern section of the bridge, covering an area of about 40 square meters. Looking down from the sky, the bridge deck seems to be torn open, and the house is embedded in the middle. Some netizens jokingly call it the "eye of a sea bead".
Netizens jokingly called the demolition stranded households in the Haizhuyong Bridge from the aerial photography "the eye of Haizhu." Photo/Beijing News Photographer
On August 8, Ms. Liang, the owner of the brick and tile house, told the Beijing News that the demolition of the Haizhuyong Bridge began in 2010. The reason why she did not move was because she was dissatisfied with the housing provided by the government.
Ms. Liang said that since 2010, the Longfeng Street and the Haizhu District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau have provided three houses. She and her family have visited two of them and they feel inappropriate.
In this regard, Liu Tianjun (pseudonym), a staff member of the Longfeng Sub-district Office, said that the housing construction department has handled the compensation issue for Ms. Liang’s demolition and relocation. He said that they have been in communication with the Liang family for the past 10 years.
According to Nanfang Daily, the Haizhu District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau responded to the incident and stated that since the start of the demolition, relevant departments and streets have been negotiating and communicating with the owners, and have provided monetary compensation, replacement of housing and other compensation methods, but failed to reach a consensus. .
On August 9, Ms. Liang said that the Longfeng Sub-district Office had contacted her again, and the two parties might continue to discuss the issue of demolition.
Three generations of five people live here, and the lights are on in the house during the day
The Haizhuyong Bridge is located in the northwest of Haizhu District, only a few kilometers away from the section with the highest land price in the district.
The brick house of Ms. Liang’s house covers an area of about 40 square meters. According to a 2010 report from Guangzhou Daily, the actual property area of the house is about 30 square meters. It was a red brick building with three or four meters of floor height. There was a loft with running water and a separate toilet. The exterior wall was painted with gray cement and the house number "No. 22 Haibang Waijie" was attached. Compared with the Haizhuyong Bridge, which opened to traffic a week ago, the house looks more old.
Ms. Liang said that since her grandfather’s generation, her family has settled here, and the house under the bridge was built by her father more than 40 years ago. At present, Father Liang has passed away. Ms. Liang lives here with a family of three with his mother and brother.
Ms. Liang recalled that the noise during the construction of the Haizhuyong Bridge from 2018 to 2020 continued, from 6 or 7 in the morning to 11 or 12 in the evening. Only during the Spring Festival of 2019 and the epidemic this year, construction noise was temporarily suspended. Many cracks appeared in the walls and ground of the house, and the crane would pass over the house with steel bars. Because she was afraid of her mother, Ms. Liang quit her job and took care of her at home for two years.
Fortunately, during the construction period, Liangjia’s water and electricity supply was normal, but in June this year, water was stopped for half a day due to the diversion of the underground water pipe.
On August 8, Ms. Liang squatted in front of her house. Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan photo
After the completion of the bridge, except for a small amount of noise caused by passing vehicles, the family's life basically returned to normal. However, the citizens who came from all directions to watch the "net celebrity" brick and tile houses brought new troubles to the Liang family.
According to a report by Nanfang Daily, onlookers were talking a lot, and there were many speculations and rumors. Some people claimed that the homeowners asked for 4 million demolition compensation, but did not negotiate with the relevant departments; some people claimed that the government did not move more than 10 million homeowners, "too greedy!"
But there are also manpower to support Ms. Liang. On August 9, the Beijing News reporter saw an old couple who came from Dongguan at the alley leading to Ms. Liang's house. They waited from the afternoon to the evening only to express their support for Ms. Liang in person.
On August 10, a citizen made a special trip to the vicinity of the Haizhuyong Bridge to see the true nature of the "Haizhu Eye". Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan photo
Due to the crowds of onlookers, since August 4, Ms. Liang, her mother and nephew did not go out again and ate the food they had stocked a few days ago. She and her family also sealed the windows with newspapers and cardboard, and turned on the lights in the house during the day.
To prevent onlookers from peeping, Ms. Liang’s house posted a newspaper on the window. Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan photo
"Someone knocked on the door at 8 o'clock the night before (August 6), causing my mother to have a heart (discomfort) fall immediately. So yesterday morning I went to the media and said that I hope the relevant departments can solve this problem." Ms. Liang said .
On the evening of August 7, a reporter from the Beijing News saw that an engineering team had added a baffle around the unfinished sidewalk to prevent citizens from entering the bridge to watch. On the morning of August 8, the only lane leading to Ms. Liang's home was stationed by Longfeng Sub-district Office. The iron door of the lane was locked. The staff of the sub-district office provided Ms. Liang and her family with a few keys.
Since then, the people who came to watch can only stand on the sidewalk seven or eight meters away and look around. However, a solid concrete fence over one meter high blocked their sight, and a circle of potted plants was placed on the fence.
Ms. Liang said that in a few days, her nephew will start school. In order to prevent the children from being affected, the younger brother's family of three will move to a friend's vacant house temporarily.
The sidewalk of the bridge is reduced from 3 meters to 1 meter, and the construction period is extended by at least half a year
According to the Yangcheng Evening News, the Haizhuyong Bridge is 400 meters long and has four lanes in two directions. It was officially constructed in October 2018 and opened to traffic in 664 days. The bridge connects the built roundabout sections on both sides of the river and can effectively relieve the traffic pressure on Industrial Avenue and Hongde Road, and improve the travel conditions of residents along the line.
Previously, the Bureau of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of Haizhu District had publicly responded to the incident in the Nanfang Daily and other media, saying that under the premise of ensuring house safety, the construction of the Haizhuyong Bridge bypassed the requisition node where Ms. Liang’s house was located, and kept it under the bridge. The access channel was completed and the normal opening of the bridge was realized.
On August 12, Ou Jian, the designer of the Haizhuyong Bridge and the deputy director of the Bridge Office of China Enfi Engineering Technology Co., Ltd., told a reporter from the Beijing News about the adjustment process of the bridge design plan in early 2019. Ou Jian said that on the west side of the bridge is the Pearl River, and there are many private houses on the east side, "restricted on both sides." In order to bypass the demolition of stranded households, they discussed with the Haizhu District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau for a month or two, and finally decided to branch the lanes.
Ou Jian said that this plan directly changed the form of the approach road (the section connecting the two ends of the bridge with the road) in the southern section of the bridge.
In the original design plan, the southern approach road is designed with steps, which can lead up to the bridge deck and down to the riverside walkway. However, in order to bypass Ms. Liang’s house, the width of the bridge deck was expanded, and the place where the stairs were originally built was gone. Pedestrians can only walk to the very edge of the approach road if they want to get on the bridge.
In addition, the design width of the sidewalk was originally 3 meters, but was also narrowed to about 1 meter during actual construction.
In order to bypass Ms. Liang's house, the sidewalk of the southern approach road of the Haizhuyong Bridge was narrowed to about 1 meter. Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan photo
In addition, the bridge subgrade structure on both sides of Liang's house has also changed. "It turned out to be a wall on the left and a wall on the right. Fill in the middle to make the roadbed. Now in order to avoid the house, we not only made a wall on the left and right of the bridge, but also made one on each side of the house. Blocking walls means there are four walls." Ou Jian said.
Because of these changes, the Haizhuyong Bridge not only increased the cost, but also lengthened the construction period. Ou Jian said that if the original plan is followed, the completion time can be six months to nine months earlier. "Moreover, during construction, workers should also take care not to damage the structure of the stranded households' houses, and try not to construct at night to avoid affecting their rest."
Three listings, two inspections, failed to reach an agreement
According to the aforementioned response from the Haizhu District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau, since the Haizhuyong Bridge requisition and demolition work started in 2010, relevant departments and streets have been negotiating and communicating with the owners, and providing monetary compensation, replacement housing and other compensation methods, failed to reach a consensus.
Unlike the rumors that the Liang family asked for compensation for multiple houses, Ms. Liang said that her family "has always been (required) for a house." She said that since 2010, staff from relevant government departments have taken her or her family to see the listings twice, but because of dissatisfaction with the location and layout of the listings, the two parties have never reached a compensation agreement.
Ms. Liang said that the first time to see the house was in September 2010, and the house was in Feng'an Garden Community on Gexin Road, Haizhu District. Public information shows that the community was built in 1998 and is about 0.5 kilometers away from Haibang Outer Street where the Liang family currently lives.
Ms. Liang recalled that at that time, she and her younger brother and younger siblings were holding their three-year-old nephew to see the house. They went downstairs, and the nephew started crying, "Said I would rather go home than live here." After going upstairs and entering the door, the layout was "three-pointed and octagonal" (with many edges and corners and distinct bumps). In Guangdong, this is a taboo of the house. They told the street office that it was inappropriate on the spot.
In this regard, Liu Tianjun, a staff member of the Longfeng Sub-district Office, said that 10 years ago, Ms. Liang's house in Feng'an Garden District had an area of about 90 square meters.
Liu Tianjun remembered that the Liang family had proposed to exchange houses in Jinbiwan and Swan Bay at that time, with an area requirement of 120 square meters. Public information shows that Jinbi Bay and Swan Bay are also located on Gexin Road in Haizhu District. They were built in 2005 and 2006 respectively. They are 0.5 km and 1 km from Haibang Outer Street, but they are all real estates along the river. At present, the average price of these two properties is nearly 10,000 yuan higher than that of other nearby communities.
Liu Tianjun said that the District Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau considered it impossible to meet the requirements of the Liang family, and the negotiation on demolition was put on hold.
Regarding Liu Tianjun's statement, Ms. Liang said that she only proposed to the street for a house in Jinbiwan this year, and did not ask for the area, nor did she mention Swan Bay.
In Ms. Liang’s impression, the second time to see the house was in June this year. At that time, the District Housing and Urban-rural Construction Bureau took Liang's family to the Henglongyuan community of Baogang Avenue to see a second-hand house. The house was more than 20 years old and there were signs of residence in the house. Ms. Liang said that the house had poor lighting and it faced the hospital morgue, "I definitely don't like it."
According to Liu Tianjun's understanding, Henglong Garden is located near the Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital. There is a high-rise building and a low-rise building in the community. The house that Ms. Liang's house is viewing is in a high-rise building. But there are residents upstairs and downstairs in the house, "not as exaggerated as (she said)."
On August 11, a reporter from the Beijing News came to the Henglongyuan community and found that the houses in the high-rise buildings had four directions: southeast, northwest; among them, the north-facing houses were facing the mortuary of the Red Cross Hospital, separated from it by a wall. However, neither Liu Tianjun nor Ms. Liang told them which direction the houses they viewed belonged to.
Liu Tianjun also said that in addition to the above two housing inspection experiences, the District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau also provided housing to Liang's house once in 2018. Those are the two houses in the Zongheng Apartment on Xingang Middle Road, with a total area of 120 square meters. Public information shows that the community is about 9 kilometers away from Haibang Outer Street and close to the Chigang Metro Station.
In this regard, Ms. Liang said that the street did provide them with this property in 2018, but because the distance was too far, it was inconvenient for her nephew to transfer schools, and it was inconvenient for her mother to come back to see a doctor. She also said that the two apartments provided by the government have 40-year property rights. For these reasons, the family refused to go to the inspection.
Public information shows that Zongheng Apartment has two types of residences with property rights. The property rights of ordinary houses are 70 years and the property rights of commercial properties are 40 years. On August 13, the reporter asked Liu Tianjun for confirmation on the property rights of the apartment. Liu said that he "don't know".
"I talked for a few days, and then when I asked them again, they said they didn't want to watch it or not." Liu Tianjun recalled, "They said they wanted this place (nearby housing) anyway."
According to the aforementioned response from the Haizhu District Housing and Urban-rural Development Bureau, the Haizhuyong Bridge is one of the key livelihood projects in Haizhu District. The demolition work involves 7 related units and 47 private houses. As of September 2019, all units and households except for Ms. Liang's house have signed demolition compensation agreements. A total of 9,050 square meters of houses and 4,230 square meters of land have been acquired.
Many households near Haibang Waijie recalled that prior to the demolition in 2010, the residential houses in the area were scattered. The multi-family houses cover an area of tens of square meters and are decades old; the owners are mostly old workers from nearby factories. Or in the early years, they built sheds on the riverside and lived on boats.
Chen Tai (pseudonym), a neighbor who knows Ms. Liang's family, told the Beijing News that Ms. Liang's father was a dock worker in nearby Taikoo Cang. After marriage, his mother worked as a plasterer nearby, and his life was not rich. Ms. Liang said that her younger brother and younger sister-in-law are all part-time jobs. Before returning home to take care of her mother, she also "does nothing but fights the west" and does not have a regular job.
On August 8, Ms. Liang was interviewed at the door of her home. Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan photo
Chen Tai remembers that after the start of the demolition in 2010, the demolition households nearby moved out one after another. Except for Ms. Liang's house, the last household moved out about two years ago.
According to the 2001 "Urban House Demolition and Relocation Management Regulations", compensation for demolition and relocation can be monetary compensation or exchange of house property rights. According to Chen Tai's understanding, the compensation method for some demolished households is house replacement; some people did not want a house and received compensation for demolition.
"Compensation for the house is one and two. The (replacement area) is at least half the area of the (demolition house). Some brothers and sisters need cash, usually around 700,000 yuan. You can buy a two-bedroom apartment 10 years ago. One hall house." Chen Tai said.
However, Ms. Liang said that the relevant departments did not provide the option of monetary compensation, "just show me the house."
On August 10, a reporter from the Beijing News came to the Bureau of Housing and Urban-rural Development of Haizhu District, hoping to learn more about the requisition and demolition of the Haizhuyong Bridge and the compensation negotiation process of Ms. Liang's house. The reception staff of the Bureau of Housing and Urban-rural Development of Haizhu District and the staff of the Update Planning Division declined the interview, saying that relevant information would be released by the Propaganda Department of the Haizhu District Party Committee.
On August 14, Ms. Liang told a reporter from the Beijing News that Longfeng Sub-district had re-contacted her family on August 9th, hoping to discuss compensation for demolition and relocation again; on the morning of the 14th, the sub-district sent people to her home to continue the negotiation, but no specific housing was provided. .
In this regard, Liu Tianjun said on August 11 that the Longfeng Sub-district Office and the Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau have been communicating with Ms. Liang’s home on the issue of compensation for demolition.
Up to now, Liu Tianjun believes that there is nothing wrong with the compensation for the demolition of Ms. Liang's house by the District Housing and Construction Bureau. "First, she (Ms. Liang) said she would rather live here, she likes or is willing to do so. Second, we have kept in touch (with her family). Third, if we meet some of her excessive requirements, that’s right. Are the other forty households fair?"
Beijing News reporter Zhang Huilan, intern Du Jiabing and Wu Xiaoxuan