(China's Poverty Reduction Story) Shanghai's old reforms: from "nail households" to "spokesmen

  China News Service, Shanghai, August 8th, title: Shanghai's old reforms: from "nail households" to "spokespersons"

  Author Li Qiuying

  In the past few months, the residents of Lane 222, Wuchuan Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai have been busy decorating their new homes, and Zhu Hongguang, the former “nail house”, is among them.

  "The house will be installed in two months, and you are welcome to come to our house as guests." Zhu Hongguang smiled from ear to ear. He also named himself the title of "nail house". "I was the last to sign the contract in the community. I was greedy at the time and wanted more benefits."

Zhu Hongguang is introducing his new house to everyone. Photo by Zhang Hengwei

  Neighbors, neighborhood committee cadres, street cadres, and district housing management office leaders all talked with him, did work, and weighed the pros and cons for him. After thinking about it, Zhu Hongguang decided to sign a contract, "It's still comfortable to dismantle the original."

  Two years ago, the 153 households in Lane 222, Wuchuan Road, Shanghai moved out of the community together. Today, three three-story and two seven-story complete residential houses have been built here, and 153 residents have moved into new houses in the “old place”.

  Recalling the old house, Zhu Hongguang shook his head straight, "I have lived here for 50 years, and at the most, there were 9 people in 26 square meters, eating downstairs, and lime on the floor falling into the bowl."

  70-year-old Bu Aizhen lived in the old house before the renovation for most of her life. "In the past, Huang Meitian was the one who feared the most. The house is low and flooded when it rains. Rats and pests crawl around outside during the day."

Photo by Shen Hai, old house at Lane 222, Wuchuan Road

  What impressed Zhu Hongguang and Aunt Bu was that the whole floor shared the kitchen and bathroom. "There is no special kitchen. Every family has a stove at the door. Every evening, oily smoke fills the narrow aisles." Zhu Hongguang recalled, robbing the toilet in the morning. "At most, 26 people shared a toilet."

Photo by Shen Hai, old house at Lane 222, Wuchuan Road

  "It's okay now, everyone is alone. There is also a balcony at home. When people are older, they like to bask in the sun." According to the results of the lottery, Zhu Hongguang's home was divided into two sets of one-bedrooms, a total of 78 square meters. For my son, I will live with my wife," Zhu Hongguang told reporters with a smile, "I originally thought about getting it through and turning into two rooms and one living room, but after thinking about it, young people need their own space."

  There are a total of 14 residential buildings in Wuchuan Road 222, of which 7 are independent and complete after-sale public houses, and 7 are leased houses shared by kitchen and bathroom. The latter had a total of 153 residents, the houses were low-lying, and termites were infested. "At that time, I was looking forward to the renovation," Aunt Bu recalled.

Photo by Zhang Hengwei, New Residence, Lane 222, Wuchuan Road

  The renovation of the old district is a matter that will be "unpleasant" if it is done carelessly. Even Wuchuan Road No. 222, which seems to have undergone drastic changes, is a challenge to the staff.

  “A total of 153 sets of drawings were issued by the Renovation Office. Each one-room apartment after renovation is different,” said Zhao Yueyi, deputy director of the Shanghai Yangpu District Housing Management Bureau. “Although the room is large or small, it must take into account the balance of benefits for all residents. The interests of the vast majority of residents".

  Zhou Ling, deputy secretary of the Party Working Committee and office director of Wujiaochang Street, Yangpu District, introduced: “During the renovation, there will be dedicated teams from government departments on-site every day to deal with various problems of the masses.”

  For example, in two years, there were both subway construction noise and 7 buildings demolished and reconstructed. How can the residents of the remaining 7 buildings endure? What should I do if the tenant living in the old house is unwilling to be moved? The residents who originally lived on the second floor waved to the first floor and were in a bad mood and refused to move.

  The renewal and changes of Shanghai's residential housing are also a microcosm of the rapid development and prosperity of the city. In recent years, Shanghai has insisted on the simultaneous development of "retention, reform and demolition", improving the living conditions of citizens through multiple channels and channels.

Photo by Zhang Hengwei, New Residence, Lane 222, Wuchuan Road

  According to the Shanghai Old District Renovation Plan, in 2020, 550,000 square meters of houses below the second-class level will be renovated, benefiting 28,000 residents. It is understood that up to now, the renovation of the old district has completed the renovation of 400,000 square meters and about 19,700 households below the second-level old li.

Wuchuan Road aerial photo by Shenhai

  During the time of moving away from Lane 222 on Wuchuan Road, Zhu Hongguang's family rented a small apartment in Jiangwan Town. The monthly rent was RMB 4,200, and the transition fee for government compensation was RMB 4500. After paying the rent, there was still a surplus. Last year, the 222 property company hired Zhu Hongguang as the property manager. Since then, he has been riding a battery car to work in the community every day. Looking at his new house, he is full of expectation, "I am going to move back on '11'" . (Finish)