"It's next door to the blue gate house." When

I was a child, my parents always told me the location of the house when I sent an errand to the best relative's house. When I was wandering as expected in a neighborhood I visited with information that I thought was quite inadequate even at a young age, I remember how surprised I was when I asked the elderly to help me out and pinpoint the amazing blue door house. Perhaps this experience is not my own memory. It may be said that the city structure was simpler than it used to be in the past, but even today, the structure is more complicated, and it is still possible to find a house like'what is next to a building'? Those who were college students in the 80s may remember that Gangnam Station's New York Confectionery and Itaewon Fire Station became the standard for finding their destination.

These homes that represent the neighborhood go beyond the meaning of simple homes and define the atmosphere and character of the neighborhood. These houses are called'landmarks'. It is possible for landmarks to contain images that can define specific areas such as terrain, trees, and wells, in addition to buildings. However, among them, the reason why the house (architecture) has the strongest power is that it exists in an artificial form unlike nature. The house, which serves as a landmark, is privately owned, but it is also recognized as a common property in the neighborhood. When Sungnyemun, the representative landmark of Seoul, was burned, the sense of loss we felt was truly great.

The Eiffel Tower, representing Paris, France, was opposed by many when the tower was first built. The famous French novelist Mopasang hated the Eiffel Tower to the extent that there was an anecdote that he ate under the Eiffel Tower where the tower was not visible. However, the landscape of Paris without the Eiffel Tower is hard to imagine now.

If the landmark in Paris is the Eiffel Tower, the landmark in our neighborhood is the blue gate. A house in the neighborhood that serves as a landmark is a collection of individual memories and memories of the house, and is more than just a house. Even if it is not gorgeous, it plays an important role in giving pride to the pride of the neighborhood and confirming that it is a member of the neighborhood.

In many villages across the country, instead of breaking down and building new buildings, the interest in neighborhood houses that show the identity of the neighborhood has increased as they embrace the value of urban regeneration that values ​​existing village communities. Old mills and houses containing residents' memories and memories were refurbished and began to appear as landmarks in the neighborhood. These spaces are used as spaces for community activities of residents, such as village cafes and small libraries. Residents gather here to share tea, drink tea, and exchange movies. At late night, community cafes that brighten up the alleys of the neighborhood can also be a safety net to help your return home. These spaces are often run by residents and often serve as the central point of the neighborhood. 'Café Village' in Mok 2-dong, Yangcheon-gu, is a community cafe run by residents and has become the center of the community where residents gather to read books and watch movies together.

Landmarks that become the center of the neighborhood grow within the community. The newly built building is also a symbol of the village, shared and shared by many people. The Living Culture Center, supported by the Ministry of Culture, is a place where residents share culture, and has become a regional center through various cultural activities. The'Seongdong Book Floor' decorated as a library so that some of the space in the ward office can be used by residents, or the Noksapyeong Station, which created a subway station as a cultural space, has also become a landmark in the region. The symbolic building that represents the village contributes to the village's identity, and this identity has the effect of enhancing pride by being proud of the village.

Nowadays, when the speculation of the neighborhood is serious due to excessive speculation on the house, it is time to pay more attention not to the money, but to the neighborhood worth boasting to others.

* Editor's Note: The architect Kim Jong-dae's'Architecture behind Architecture' series contains behind-the-scenes stories in architecture on three themes: city, architecture, and market. Meet at'In-It' every other Saturday.

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