As a member of the British Secret Services until the success of his third novel - The Spy Who Came in from the Cold - allowed him to make a living from literature, the main experience John Le Carré drew was that nothing, absolutely nothing, was what it seemed. They all had a second intention, if not a third. Thus, through the mouth of one of his characters, the writer established a system to discern what was due to chance from that which was the result of causality . A coincidence, he explained, may be accidental, two substantiate the suspicion that it is causal and three certify that assumption. Thus, it is not coincidence , but causal

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