China News Client, June 13 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) June 13 is "Cultural and Natural Heritage Day", and various activities will be held across the country to let everyone realize the protection of various precious cultures and nature from different angles The importance of heritage.
Among various cultural and natural heritages, various world heritages are undoubtedly receiving much attention. On July 6, 2019, the site of Liangzhu Ancient City was officially included in the "World Heritage List". So far, the total number of Chinese World Heritage has reached 55, ranking first in the world.
Do you know some of the world heritages that China has successfully included in the "World Heritage" list in the past five years?
Data Map: Aerial photography perspective overlooking the world heritage-Zunyi Hailong Tun. On July 4, 2015, Shanghai Longtun was included in the "World Heritage List" at the 39th World Heritage Convention. China News Service reporter Hou Yushe
In 2015, at the 39th World Heritage Committee meeting, China's "Toast Ruins" was successfully included in the "World Heritage List." The "toast site" includes the ruins of the old city of Yongshun in Hunan, the site of the Tangya city in Enshi, Hubei, and Hailongtun in Zunyi, Guizhou.
All three sites are relics of the heyday of the Chinese toast system. The old Sicheng built in Shaoxing in the Southern Song Dynasty for five years (1135) is the seat of the governor of the Peng Tusi regime in Guxi Prefecture. It has served as a high-level chief of Yongshun Xuanwei for nearly 600 years.
Hailongtun is the military defensive castle of Guizhou Bozhou Yang Tusi. It is located on the top of the dangerous Longyan mountain. It builds a solid mountain defense system with 9 checkpoints and more than 5,000 meters of city walls.
Tangya Tusi City is the chief administrative department of the lower rank in the rank order of the chieftain, and the settlement scale is small. But its combination with two other high-level toast sites shows the complete sequence of the management level of the toast system.
Guangxi Zuojiang Huashan Rock Painting
In 2016, Guangxi Zuojiang Huashan Rock Painting Cultural Landscape Project was successfully included in the World Heritage.
The picture shows the Huashan Rock Painting Cultural Landscape in Zuojiang, Guangxi (data map). Photo by Chong Xuan
For people, rock painting may be a relatively unfamiliar concept. Huashan rock paintings are densely distributed on the cliffs of the Zuojiang River in Chongzuo City of Guangxi and its tributaries over 200 kilometers on both sides of the Ming River.
These rock paintings were drawn by Luo Yue people, the ancestors of the Zhuang people in southern China who lived here from the Warring States Period to the Eastern Han Dynasty. Together with the mountains, rivers, and terraces that it depends on, it forms a cultural landscape of rock paintings in Huashan, Zuojiang.
Also in 2016, Shennongjia was officially included in the "World Heritage List".
Data Map: The 40th World Heritage Conference was held in Istanbul, Turkey, and China’s Hubei Shennongjia was included in the World Heritage List, resulting in 50 Chinese heritage projects. The picture shows the Dajiuhu National Wetland Park in Shennongjia Forest District, Hubei Province ushering in the best season of the year. China News Agency reporter Piaget
In the minds of many people, Shennongjia is famous for the legend of "Shennong teaches the people to harvest and taste the herbs". It is located in the northwestern border of Hubei Province and is known as the "green miracle" at the same latitude in the northern hemisphere.
What is more precious is that the integrity, authenticity, non-renewability and non-reproducibility of natural resources and their ecosystems are rare in the world. The World Heritage Committee also believes that Shennongjia has the most complete vertical natural band spectrum in the world, and its biodiversity makes up for the gap in the World Heritage List.
In 2017, Kekexili, Qinghai Province, China was approved to be included in the "World Heritage" list.
Data Map: On the afternoon of September 4, 2013, four Tibetan gazelle looked at passers-by on the road in the Kekesili Nature Reserve in Qinghai. . China News Service reporter Hu Youjun
Kekexili means "Kunlun Snow Mountain Land". The total area of the application area is 6 million hectares, including the nominated core area of 3.7 million hectares and the peripheral buffer area of 2.3 million hectares. It covers the entire area of Kekexili National Nature Reserve And part of Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve.
Kekesili National Nature Reserve is located in the northwest of Qinghai Province, with an average altitude of more than 4500 meters. The territory inhabits rare wild species such as Tibetan antelopes, wild yaks, and Tibetan wild asses. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 7,000 lakes and 255 ancient glaciers.
Gulangyu was selected as a "World Heritage" in 2017. At the 41st session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, China's World Cultural Heritage nomination project "Gulangyu: Historical International Community" was successfully included in the "World Heritage List."
Data picture: The picture shows that the ancient red brick house is a major architectural feature of Gulangyu. Photo by Wang Dongming
The Gulangyu World Cultural Heritage site covers the whole island of Gulangyu Island and its near-shore waters, with a total area of 316.2 hectares. The Gulangyu buffer zone covers the adjacent islands of Lantau and Monkey Island, and extends to the coastline of Xiamen Island with a total area of 886 hectares.
Gulangyu Island is not large, with an area of about 1.8839 square kilometers, but it is known as the "sea garden". Due to the impact of the waves on the southwestern coastal reef cave, the sound was like drumming, and the name "Gulang" Yu was named. There are many cultural relics protection units here, also known as "Piano Island" and "Music Island".
Guizhou Fanjing Mountain
In 2018, Guizhou Fanjing Mountain was approved to be included in the "World Heritage List". So far, China's world heritage has increased to 53.
Data Map: At 11:36 local time on July 2, at the 42nd World Heritage Conference in Manama, Bahrain, with the consent of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Fanjing Mountain, Guizhou, China was approved to be included in the "World Heritage" Directory. Text / Photograph by Chen Su Zhou Yanling State Forestry and Grassland Bureau
Fanjing Mountain, located in Tongren City, Guizhou Province, is the main peak of the Wuling Mountains, with a heritage area of 402.75 square kilometers and a buffer area of 372.39 square kilometers. Fanjing Mountain's "Red Cloud Golden Dome" and "Mountain Stone Cloud Waterfall" scenes are famous all over the world.
Importantly, the Fanjing Mountain ecosystem retains a large number of ancient relics, rare and endangered and endemic species, with 4,394 plants and 2,767 animals, and is one of the most abundant hotspots in the deciduous forest biological area of the East.
It is also the only habitat and distribution area of Guizhou snub-nosed monkey and Fanjingshan fir. It is also the most important protected area of Cyclobalanopsis glauca forest in Asia. It is the most abundant area of gymnosperms in the world and the most abundant bryophytes in the deciduous forest biological area of the East area.
Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat
In 2019, at the 43rd World Heritage Conference, China's Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase 1) project was approved to be included in the "World Heritage List."
Data Map: Red-crowned cranes exhibit beautiful postures on the Yellow Beach. Photo by Sun Huajin
It has the largest intertidal flat in the world and is the central node of the East Asia-Australia migratory bird migration route with the most endangered species and the most threatened.
The Yellow Sea Wetland in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, where the first phase of the project is located, has more than 680 species of vertebrates and more than 500 species of invertebrates, including 415 species of birds. Here are habitats for 23 species of birds of international importance. It is the rarest migratory bird scoop-billed sandpiper and small green-footed snipe in the world, and it is also the largest wintering place for red-crowned cranes in China.
Liangzhu Ancient City Ruins
The site of the ancient city of Liangzhu was included in the "World Heritage List" in 2019. So far, the total number of Chinese World Heritage Sites has reached 55, ranking first in the world.
Data Map: Hangzhou, Zhejiang, aerial photography of Liangzhu Ancient City Ruins Park. On July 6, 2019, the 43rd session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting in Baku, Azerbaijan, passed a resolution to include the Chinese World Cultural Heritage nomination project "Liangzhu Ancient City Ruins" in the "World Heritage List." China News Service reporter Wang Gangshe
The Liangzhu culture from 5300 to 4300 years ago has already possessed the early state form. The ancient site of Liangzhu is a large-scale site, which is the center of power and belief in Liangzhu culture. It has a large-scale water conservancy system project. According to the research on the altar site, some experts speculate that the ancestors of Liangzhu were able to observe the solar dating more than 5000 years ago. .
In addition, a large number of exquisite jade and stone artifacts were unearthed from the site of the ancient city of Liangzhu. The emblem on the representative jade jade crock was only clearly visible after several magnifications.
In fact, world heritage is divided into 4 categories: natural heritage and cultural heritage. The World Cultural Heritage refers specifically to "tangible" cultural heritage, such as the Great Wall of China.
The selection of "World Heritage" has a set of detailed and strict standards. The "World Heritage Convention" also stipulates a series of protection obligations. If the world heritage is left unattended, it may be "delisted" from the list, that is, from the list Cancelled.
This measure also tells people to a certain extent that the precious cultural heritage and natural heritage can never be expected to be "once and for all." China is a vast country with an ancient civilization and a long history. There are countless rich cultural heritages, not only on Cultural and Natural Heritage Days, but they should also receive corresponding attention and protection. (Finish)