The Taizhou No. 1 Project was accused of digging out cultural relics, regardless of stopping, and still under construction. The Municipal Cultural Relics Bureau: has filed a case
There may be cultural relics hidden in the underground, but the construction party is still constructing despite the government's halt?
A few days ago, the Zhongjun World City project, a large construction site in Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, a national historical and cultural city, was dug up and excavated the remains of cultural relics of the Ming Dynasty. The local cultural relics department requested that the construction site be suspended for archaeological exploration. However, according to the Jiangsu News Radio "Government Hotline" column, the construction site was disregarded for suspension and construction was still in progress during archaeological exploration.
Surging News (www.thepaper.cn) learned from the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism that on June 9, the Cultural Protection Department of the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism went to the site to supervise.
"At present, we have filed a case concerning the violations of the involved company, Taizhou Taida Real Estate Co., Ltd., and I believe there will be a conclusion in a few days." Taizhou City Cultural Relics Bureau Deputy Director Huang surnamed Peng Mei News on June 9.
"This project really violates the regulations of archaeological investigation and exploration in large-scale capital construction projects." Li Huren, director of the cultural protection department of the department, broadcasted the program "I will help you ask the director of the political wind hotline" on Jiangsu News Radio on June 8. The scene responded to the matter.
Surging News learned that, in addition to violating the requirement to stop construction, the project mainly violated the regulations that large projects should apply for archaeological exploration before starting construction, and this is also reflecting the long-standing contradiction between domestic urban construction and cultural protection.
Construction without archaeological exploration
The Zhongjun World City project is a large-scale service industry project in Hailing District of Taizhou in 2019, with a total investment of 1.8 billion yuan. The entire project covers an area of more than 71,000 square meters.
According to Article 20 of the "Regulations for the Protection of Cultural Relics of Jiangsu Province", construction projects with an area of more than 50,000 square meters should apply for archaeological investigation and exploration in accordance with the prescribed procedures after obtaining the site selection opinion for the construction project (before the start of construction).
However, the project is missing at this link. "It may be because of the impact of the epidemic, and the project party is in a hurry to start construction." The relevant person in charge of the propaganda department of the Taizhou Municipal Party Committee told Peng Mei News.
It was not until April 17 that the construction workers on the project site accidentally dug out a Ming Dynasty "stone stele", and the Taizhou Municipal Cultural Relics Bureau received the relevant response telephone to understand the situation.
After an on-site inspection by the Taizhou Museum archaeological experts, the project was considered to be "richly buried in underground cultural relics, and it is necessary to carry out archaeological exploration and excavation." It also reported to the Taizhou Municipal Cultural Relics Bureau in writing that there were 8 tombs in the construction site, which were seriously damaged and unearthed. The epitaph may indicate that the place is the tomb of the Huang Boshun family in the Ming Dynasty Xuande period (the scholar who has not been an official). Moreover, the Xianglinzhuang area where the project is located is a relatively concentrated area of the Song and Ming sites in Taizhou area.
Therefore, on April 25, the Taizhou City Cultural Relics Bureau issued the "Temporary Shutdown Notice" to the project unit Taizhou Taida Real Estate Co., Ltd. The project is required to stop construction immediately, and apply for archaeological investigation and exploration, and may not resume work until the Jiangsu Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau gives a clear opinion.
However, according to a report by the Jiangsu News Radio's "Government Hotline" column, on May 20 and June 1, he found that the project construction had been proceeding normally and large construction machinery was still in operation.
Article 21 of the "Regulations for the Protection of Cultural Relics in Jiangsu Province" also states that any unit or individual that finds cultural relics in construction projects or production activities shall immediately stop construction and report to the cultural relics administrative department in a timely manner. If the administrative department of cultural relics proposes the need for archaeological excavation, it may not continue construction or carry out production activities in the archaeological excavation area without authorization before the end of the archaeological excavation.
In case of violation of the provisions of Article 20 and Article 20 above, the cultural relics administrative department shall order correction and take remedial measures within a time limit; if it causes serious consequences, it shall be fined not less than RMB 50,000 but not more than RMB 500,000.
"We have filed a case against the enterprise involved. Although they submitted an application to the provincial department for archaeological exploration in a timely manner after the incident, but after all, violations first, we still have to deal with it seriously." Surging News said.
"Remains of unearthed cultural relics not found"
For the project party, the good news is that after exploration by the professional archaeological team in the later period, no remains of subterranean heritage have been found in the project site.
The deputy director of the Wuxi Archaeological Institute, who was entrusted to conduct an overall archaeological investigation and exploration of the project, told Peng Pai News that the archaeological team entered the field on May 9 and ended the exploration on June 1.
After more than 20 days of exploration, apart from the previously unearthed epitaph and several coffin wooden boards dug together at that time, as well as some pieces of broken porcelain, they found no more cultural relics remaining, and there is almost no history in the archaeological scope. Remains of human cultural activities."
"According to our analysis, there are two possibilities. Either there are cultural relics in this place, but they are destroyed, or the soil where the epitaph and the coffin plate have been found was previously transported from other places." Li told Peng Mei News. From the satellite image, the location of the project has undergone several major changes from 2005 to the present. From the original multiple factories, to the demolition to become a river, to the current new project, the surface has undergone several rounds of destruction.
Deputy Director Huang of Taizhou City Cultural Relics Bureau said that the exploration results had been handed over to Jiangsu Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau a few days ago. At present, the construction site is still in a state of suspension, and the archaeological exploration results and expert site acceptance results must be waited for by the Cultural Relics Department of the Provincial Cultural Tourism Department. After the review, give an accurate opinion of when to resume work.
This incident is not alone. A number of cultural protection people told the surging news that for a long time, urban-rural construction and the protection of cultural relics will face such conflicts.
"The destruction of the project is currently the biggest problem facing the cultural protection. Many large-scale archaeological discoveries throughout the country were discovered during the construction process, and it is conceivable how many of them may have been destroyed during the construction process." Li Xi, deputy director of the Wuxi Archaeological Institute, said.
Although there are laws and regulations in many places that require large-scale project engineering parties to apply for archaeological exploration before the start of construction, "archaeological exploration costs must be paid by the project party, usually hundreds of thousands, and some project units will avoid this link if they have concerns." A prefecture-level cultural protection expert told Peng Mei News that in addition, waiting for the end of archaeological work will also require time and cost for the project party.
"The best solution is to advance the archaeology." The expert said. The so-called pre-archaeology is that after the relevant government departments formulate the construction land plan, the archaeological drilling and excavation procedures are first submitted for approval, the field archaeological excavation is carried out, and then the land use right is transferred.
Of course, the government should also bear the cost of archaeology, but for all parties, the subsequent series of violations of laws and regulations are exempted.
In 2018, the State Council Office of the People’s Republic of China specially issued “Several Opinions on Strengthening the Reform of the Protection and Utilization of Cultural Relics”, which explicitly requires local governments to carry out land reserves and shall not enter the warehouse until the archaeological survey and exploration are completed according to law.
Zhang Zhichun, Secretary of the Party Group and Director of the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism, said at the live broadcast of the Jiangsu News Radio "Political Wind Hotline I Will Help You Ask the Director" on June 8th that the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism is currently promoting the implementation of this policy. In March this year, in the name of the Provincial Department, a proposal letter for pre-archaeology was sent to 13 districts and cities in Jiangsu Province.
"Our city leaders also said that they will vigorously promote this work, and it is expected that this year will land." Deputy Director Huang of the Taizhou City Cultural Relics Bureau told the surging news, "In the future, we will not need to rely on us and cultural protection enthusiasts to go to the city to check Which large-scale projects were built without archaeology."