Nanchang University has a "Rice Fishing Engineering" team
[Decoding "New Power Crowd"]
Starting from May 7, under the conditions of normalized epidemic prevention and control, undergraduates and postgraduates of Nanchang University will return to school orderly and in batches.
Immediately, Professor Hong Yijiang, the dean of the school's School of Life Sciences and chief expert of Jiangxi Province's special aquatic industry technology system, and his team of teachers and students of the "Rice Fishing Engineering" led the same way as before in the vast fields of Jiangxi:
On the 12th, he went to Yongxin County at the foot of Jinggangshan to produce a "blue granary" demonstration base covering a variety of integrated breeding methods including "rice turtle", "rice frog", "rice shrimp", "lotus turtle" and "lotus fish". Guided arrangements; on the 14th, went to Dongxiang District, Fuzhou City to carry out breeding of loach varieties and technical guidance for symbiosis of rice loach to Jiangxi Xinxuan Agricultural Development Company...
This young university teacher and student team has opened up channels for academic research and production from university laboratories to fields and markets, and has broken out a comprehensive development path of technological innovation, talent training, service industry, and poverty alleviation. Acting "write the paper on the motherland".
Just on April 29, this 28-year-old "Rice Fishing Engineering" team was awarded the honorary title of "China Youth May Fourth Medal Collective".
1. Transform scientific research results into agricultural productivity
Four years ago, also in May, the “Rice Fishing Project” team of Nanchang University with the first batch of teachers and students of the National Excellent Agriculture and Forestry Program aquaculture as the main body was established.
"In the past, some farmers raised fish in rice fields spontaneously, and the area of cultivation and breeding was not large, and the benefits were not high. But we think this model is very good, ecological and high-quality, and it also meets people's new expectations for modern agriculture. You can try it. , So I organized the research on the relevant professional teachers and students." Hong Yijiang said.
In the past 4 years, the "Rice Fishing Project" team relied on the Key Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Resources and Utilization in Jiangxi Province to carry out aquaculture in the paddy field, allowing rice and aquatic products, agricultural machinery and agronomy to combine to build a rice-fishing ecological recycling system.
After countless experiments, they have integrated, innovated, demonstrated, and promoted "rice shrimp", "rice crab", "rice turtle", "rice frog", "rice fish" and "rice loach" based on the cooperation of rice and fish. 12 types of domestic leading typical models including 6 categories, etc., innovating the "Ba Zi Jing" breeding method, realizing the production of "hundred catfish, kilograms of grain, ten thousand yuan of money" per mu, while reducing the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides per mu A major breakthrough of more than 50%.
Facts have proved that this rice fish farming and breeding technology researched and promoted by the "Rice Fishing Project" team is a new modern agricultural model that is conducive to agricultural efficiency, farmers' income and food production, and can effectively improve the ecological environment.
In 2018, the team was approved by the "Blue Granary Technology Innovation" key special project "Integrated and Demonstration of Integrated Technology for Green Ecological Stereoculture in Jinggangshan", which was applied to the Jinggangshan area with the "Rice Fishing Engineering" technology. In more than a year, Jinggangshan The economic benefit of Hesheng Agricultural Technology Development Co., Ltd. has been increased by 150%. Team leader Yu Sheng said: "The demonstration and promotion of the rice-fishing project model in the Jinggangshan area has achieved remarkable results. Last year, the rice was confiscated and was booked. The rice was sold for nearly 20 yuan per kilogram, and the turtle was sold out for every kilogram. 200 yuan."
"Innovation is an ability, is the ability to generate new ideas, new things or new theories." Hong Yijiang said, "How to obtain and enhance this ability? Only practice, non-stop practice, whether in the laboratory, or in the production site ."
2. Do a good job in the university
In Hong Yijiang's view, the vast land is not only a stage for improving the quality and skills of their professional teachers and researchers, but also a platform for cultivating outstanding talents; teachers and students must go down to the field to solve practical problems on the front line of production. "There are also horrendous scientific problems in rice fields. Teachers cannot tell students on the blackboard "what farmers need". It is not the team's original intention to close the door to do research."
No investigation, no right to speak. The students of the "Rice Fishing Project" team of Nanchang University built the "New Youth Workshop" model, followed the experts of the Jiangxi Special Aquatic Industry Technology System and the Jiangxi Science and Technology Mission to conduct field inspections and surveys in the field, and studied the local soil, climate and water quality. Analyze the aspect and select the most suitable breeding products for different places according to local conditions.
Holding agricultural science and technology training and technical guidance on the spot, convening farmers to carry out technical training, and clearly explaining the question of "what to raise, how to raise, what to grow, how to grow" is the routine work of the teachers and students of the "Rice Fishing Engineering" team . After the training, teachers and students often have to eat and live with farmers for a period of time, follow up the training results in time, and help farmers solve the difficulties and problems in the process of planting and breeding.
In this process, the young college students of the team combined theory and practice. On the one hand, they followed the teacher to impart technical knowledge to the farmers; on the other hand, they received the hard-working, sincere and simple spiritual education of the farmers to achieve the "combination of theory and practice". "The combination of teaching and scientific research, demonstration and promotion" is an in-depth integration of production and education, which realizes the practical education and teaching effect of the three of talent training, technological innovation and social services. Wu Liuzheng, a 2016 member of Nanchang University's "Aquatic Excellence Class", said that he followed his teacher to promote the "Rice Fishing Project" to participate in the practice of rural farming enterprises, where he really learned the theory learned in practice, four in the summer morning I wake up in the field for many hours, and I can come back at 8 or 9 o'clock in the evening. Although it is hard work, I can get continuous guidance from the teacher during the on-site study and transform theory into practice. It is very fulfilling, and my outlook on life and values have been improved.
When going out to practice, the "Daoyu Engineering" team also pays attention to making good use of Jiangxi's red resources to enrich the carrier of educational forms, integrating the red gene into the blood of teachers and students in a subtle way, increasing wisdom and talents in innovation and entrepreneurship, and tempering the quality of will in hard work. . In the "Red Capital" Ruijin Yeping Red Army Square, the young college students of the team remember the martyrs here and do not forget the spiritual style of the elder martyrs...
In the past three years, the "Rice Fishing Project" team of Nanchang University has carried out more than 50 technical trainings in the fields, serving more than 180 days of grassroots service each year.
3. Struggling to shoulder the heavy agricultural tasks of poverty alleviation
It is in the never-ending practice that the teachers and students of the Nanchang University "Rice Fishing Project" team are striving to devote themselves to the torrent of social development, and take the help of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization as their responsibilities and missions. Their efforts have achieved good economic, ecological and social benefits.
The "Rice Fishing Project" team explored four poverty alleviation models according to local conditions, namely: industrial upgrading hematopoietic poverty alleviation, breeding joint guarantee poverty alleviation, joint production-driven poverty alleviation, and land transfer and employment of agricultural farmers for industrial poverty alleviation. The team adopts the operation mode of “government + project team (company) + cooperative enterprise + professional cooperative + poverty-stricken household”. The paddy field area of direct technical service reaches more than 100,000 mu. More than 300,000 mu in more than 20 counties (districts); helped more than 30 leading enterprises in the province achieve economic benefits of 3 to 5 times, and the annual output value of cooperative enterprises exceeded 1 billion yuan.
With the help of the technical services of the "Rice Fishing Project" team, Jiujiang Kairui Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd. has increased the mu output value from 2100 yuan to 8600 yuan in two years, and the number of people in poverty alleviation increased from 52 to 2664 people, with an increase of 3630 yuan per capita. The poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results. Gao Xiangfeng, a farmer, said: "I leased my 2 acres of land to Kairui. The annual rent is 1,200 yuan. I work in the company again. It is about 2,000 yuan per month, which is much better than farming."
It is also in the practice of non-stop, that the teachers and students of the Nanchang University "Rice Fishing Project" team have burst out their innovative and entrepreneurial vigour and fully released.
They independently bred 13 new aquaculture varieties and successfully obtained 5 invention patents, 4 utility model patents and 10 patent applications; the students in the team won the Baosteel Education Outstanding Student Special Award and the 4th China "Internet+" There are more than 20 various awards including the silver award of the University Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition; many innovation and entrepreneurship teams such as "Fujia World", "Bacteria Benefit Farmers" and "New Youth Workshop" have been incubated.
The young students also established Jiangxi Provincial Powerful Fishery Technology Co., Ltd. to provide technical services for agricultural enterprises. The team member and Nanchang University aquaculture professional master graduate student Jin Feng said: "We now cooperate with more than 30 enterprises, basically each This weekend, there are tasks for internships and business trips, which provide us with many opportunities to deal with farmers and entrepreneurs, let us learn how to combine scientific knowledge with reality, and bring back what we have learned to the grassroots."
Jiujiang Kairui Ecological Development Co., Ltd. successfully declared the first batch of national-level rice and fish integrated demonstration areas; Jiangxi Shennong Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd. established the country’s first rice-fish integrated breeding and academy workstation, and successfully declared the second batch of national-level rice Demonstration zone for integrated fish farming; Jiangxi Tianpeng Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd. has become the core demonstration zone of "Tortoise Characteristic Town of Nanfeng County, Jiangxi Province" and the largest enterprise of turtle breeding in China... With the hard work and sweat of the "Rice Fishing Project" team.
"The teachers and students of the'Daoyu Engineering' team are diligent in research, courageous exploration, and willing to practice, and practice writing papers on the motherland. The scientific research results and industrial poverty alleviation results obtained are a perfect interpretation of innovation and entrepreneurship." Hong Yijiang said.
(Reporter Hu Xiaojun, correspondent Kong Aimin)