China News Network, Chengdu, April 29th (Yue Yitong, Liu Zhongjun) The reporter learned on the 29th from the third round of archaeological excavation results of the Pengshan Jiangkou Battlefield Site (Jiangkou Shenyin) in Sichuan, after more than three months of archaeological excavation Archaeologists have unearthed more than 10,000 cultural relics, including 2,000 important cultural relics. The most important discovery was a golden seal "Shu Shizi Bao" weighing about 16 kg and containing up to 95% gold. This was the first time that Shizi Jinbao was discovered in China.

The picture shows the archaeological excavation site. Photo by Liu Zhongjun

  Liu Zhiyan, the person in charge of the archaeological excavation project of the site and the director of the Science and Technology Archaeology Center of the Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, said that the golden seal is a square stamp pad and a turtle-shaped stamp button. 3 cm, up to 95% gold. The word "Shu" proves that this gold seal was originally the object of the Ming Dynasty's royal palace, and "Shizi" was the eldest son of the prince. It can be seen from the printed text that this golden seal is owned by the sons of the King of Shu in the Ming Dynasty. It is not only a symbol of the identity of the King of Shu, but also a treasure passed down from generation to generation of the King of Shu.

  It is reported that this period of archaeological excavation officially began on January 10, 2020, and ended on April 28, with an excavation area of ​​5,000 square meters and an exploration area of ​​10,000 square meters. The cultural relics unearthed are mainly gold and silverware, including gold, silver coins, gold, silver ingots, gold and silver tableware, gold and silver jewelry and gold and silver clothing.

The picture shows the unearthed gold ingot. Photo by Liu Zhongjun

  Archaeologists also found silver ingots from the Daxi regime from Lezhi, Renshou, Leshan, Deyang, and Guanghan. This is of great significance to the study of the fiscal system of the Daxi regime and the ruling area.

  Following the second phase of archaeological excavations at the battlefield site at the end of Ming Dynasty in Jiangkou and the discovery of firecrackers, lead munitions of different specifications were unearthed at this excavation. According to reports, this is another evidence to determine the nature of the site as an ancient battlefield site.

The picture shows "Shu Shizi Bao". Photo by Liu Zhongjun

  In addition, archaeologists have discovered numerous gold and silver containers, gold and silver clothing and gold and silver jewelry, providing valuable new materials for studying the craftsmanship, clothing system and aesthetic appeal of the Ming Dynasty.

  In April 2017, the first phase of archaeological excavation at the battlefield site in the late Ming dynasty of Jiangkou, with an excavation area of ​​approximately 20,000 square meters and more than 30,000 artifacts unearthed, confirmed the legend of Zhang Xianzhong ’s Jiangyin Shen. New discovery". On January 24, 2018, the site began the second phase of archaeological excavation, excavating an area of ​​10,000 square meters and excavating more than 12,000 cultural relics.

  After three underwater archaeological excavations, up to now, more than 52,000 pieces of cultural relics have been excavated at the site of the battlefield in the late Ming Dynasty in Jiangkou, and precious gold seals such as Marshal Hu Niuchang, Gold Medal of the King of West Rewards, King Jin of Shu, and Gold Seal of "Shu Shizi" Cultural relics.

  In the next step, archaeologists will strengthen the restoration and protection of cultural relics. The "Jiangkou Shenyin" museum with a total investment of about 500 million yuan will also be built by the end of this year. (Finish)