Tobias R. killed ten people on Wednesday evening. He hated migrants, felt persecuted, developed conspiracy theories. His deeply racist worldview is shown in a confused document that is attributed to him. According to previous knowledge, he acted alone and was probably not networked in the right scene.
And yet his deed is part of a series of recent racist attacks and right-wing violence. They all occurred in a political and social environment that appears to have become more aggressive.
Hanau has become one of the deadliest attacks in Germany in the past ten years. It is difficult to say whether these attacks are increasing. Not all allegedly extreme right-wing acts are included in the statistics of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. The motives of the perpetrators cannot always be clearly clarified.
ZEIT ONLINE documents here the violent and homicide offenses since 2010 that are considered to be right-wing extremists or presumably right-wing extremists.
© ZEIT ONLINE
February 19, 2019 in Hanau (Hessen): Tobias R., 43 years old, shoots nine people in two shisha cafes and then kills his mother and himself. There is evidence of a deeply racist motivation of the perpetrator. Read everything about the Hanau attack here.
October 9, 2019 in Halle (Saale) (Saxony-Anhalt): On the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur, Stephan B. shoots two people near a synagogue. He had previously tried to enter the building, but failed. Then he aimed his gun at passers-by and shot at a kebab snack bar. The federal government and the investigating attorney general consider the individual perpetrator's attack to be a "right-wing extremist terrorist attack". B. recorded the attack with a helmet camera and streamed it live on the Internet. In the video, he expressed himself anti-Semitic.
June 2, 2019 in Kassel (Hessen): The district president Walter Lübcke (CDU) is found with a fatal gunshot wound in the head on the terrace of his house. The police arrest the suspect Stephan E. two weeks later. On June 25, E. made a confession, which he later revoked. It belongs to the extreme right-wing spectrum and was already noticed in 1993 by a right-wing terrorist attempt. Lübcke had previously been regularly attacked and insulted by online rights because of his open attitude to refugees.
March 27, 2018 in Bergisch-Gladbach (North Rhine-Westphalia): A 25-year-old injured 30-year-old Bilal A. with a pepper spray gun from close range, among other things, he shot him in the eye and smashed his eye socket so that he died four days later , The Cologne public prosecutor does not rule out a racist motive.
November 27, 2017 in Altena (North Rhine-Westphalia): 56-year-old Werner S. attacks the mayor of Altena, Andreas Hollstein in a kebab snack bar and hurts his neck. The politician was known for his commitment to refugees and the perpetrator spoke to him with the words: "They let me die of thirst and bring 200 refugees to Altena."
May 8, 2017 in Schwarzenacker (Saarland): Ramona S. is shot by her neighbor in front of her house. The 61-year-old is known to local residents for his right-wing extremist views and his admiration for Hitler, had previously made racist statements to the mother of the dead and tried to poison her dog. After the crime, he shoots himself before the police find him.
March 1, 2017 in Döbeln (Saxony): After an arson in an apartment building, 85-year-old Ruth K. dies a few weeks later from the consequences of smoke gas poisoning. The fire was set by a 70-year-old tenant who wanted to harm an asylum seeker from Iran who had recently moved into the house.
October 19, 2016 in Georgensgmünd (Bavaria): The 32-year-old policeman Daniel E. is shot by a supporter of the Reich Citizens' Movement, three other policemen are injured. The officers of the Special Operations Command (SEK) broke into E.'s house to withdraw his weapons because the attacker had previously resisted an announced investigation. So-called citizens of the Reich do not recognize the Federal Republic of Germany as a state and deny their legitimacy to the Basic Law, authorities and courts.
September 17, 2016 in Berlin-Lichtenberg: André S., managing director of a supermarket, beats Eugeniu B., who is from Moldova, in a storage room after being caught stealing. The 34-year-old dies three days later from a traumatic brain injury. André S. sends a cell phone video of the deed to one of his employees with racist comments such as "Moldova visiting friends".
September 1, 2016 in Waldbröl (North Rhine-Westphalia): Four men berate and beat up Klaus B. with a stick and fists. In the trial later, they state that they had actually left to "stir up refugees". However, after the group of attacked struggled, they accidentally meet Klaus B., with whom they previously had a dispute. Even after he lies defenseless on the floor, they continue to beat the 40-year-old. He dies nine days later after a skull fracture and heavy brain bleeding.
July 22, 2016 in Munich (Bavaria): On the fifth anniversary of the assassination of the Norwegian right-wing terrorist Anders Breivik, 18-year-old David S. killed nine people between the ages of 14 and 45 who came from immigrant families. The perpetrator adored Breivik and wrote a day before the fact in a letter that Munich was the future of Germany and for this reason the "city should be protected from these cockroaches". Scientific experts and a court assumed racist motives, the LKA Bayern believes that bullying suffered is the decisive factor.
October 17, 2015 in Cologne (North Rhine-Westphalia): One day before her election as Mayor of Cologne, Frank S. Henriette Reker stabs a butterfly knife in the neck. The 59-year-old needs emergency surgery and is put into an artificial coma and survives seriously injured. As Cologne's chief integration officer, she was responsible for the refugees in the city and campaigned for better integration in the election campaign. The attacker is said to have an extreme right-wing background and was allegedly a member of the now banned nationalist Freedom Workers' Party. When questioned, he is said to have answered the question about his motives: "Reker and Merkel are flooding with refugees and foreigners."
September 20, 2015 in Berlin-Neukölln: Rolf Z. kills 31-year-old Luke H. with a belly shot in front of a bar. Previously, he had racially mobbed the bar owner and guests there. Police officers later found large-format portrait photos and a bust of Adolf Hitler, several large-caliber weapons and ammunition in a swastika-shaped box in his apartment . The court later mentioned no racist motives in his conviction of Z.
October 23, 2014 in Limburg (Hessen): In an emergency shelter for homeless people, three men racially insult 55-year-old Charles W. and abuse him so severely with kicks and punches that he dies of internal bleeding. In the trial, witnesses say that the defendants, two of whom also lived in the accommodation, had photographed each other with the Hitler salute before the crime.
July 17, 2013 in Kaufbeuren (Bavaria): A group of heavily drunk construction workers initially insulted and attacked several Russian Germans as "Scheißpolacken" and "Scheißrussen". After defending themselves, the group releases them. Shortly afterwards, one of the attackers Falk H., who has had several convictions for acts of violence and showing the Hitler salute, beats the uninvolved Konstantin M. with his fist against the temple without warning, so that he is immediately brain-dead. He then kicks the unconscious victim in the neck, causing the first cervical vertebra to break. The family man Konstantin M. dies in the hospital two days later.
October 27, 2012 in Hanover (Lower Saxony): 24-year-old Alexander K. stabbed Andrea B. in his apartment, then dismembered the body and threw it into the Maschsee. The trigger for the act of violence by the 24-year-old was apparently that Andrea B. had made fun of his radical right-wing views and Hitler books. K. produced extreme right-wing songs under the pseudonym "Sash JM", described the Norwegian right-wing terrorist Anders Breivik as "star for Oslo" and announced that he would "go over dead bodies" himself. Previously, he had stabbed a person in an argument and seriously injured him.
April 5, 2012 in Berlin: 22-year-old Burak B. is shot on the street. The perpetrator pointed his handgun at four young men with a migration background without apparent reason and also injured Markus Jamal A. and Alexander A. After the shots, the perpetrator flees. The family of the dead and the "Investigation into the murder of Burak Bektaş" later criticize the police investigations because a racist background and the corresponding traces had only been checked for their interventions. The perpetrator is still not certain; there is evidence that Rolf Z., who was convicted of murdering Luke H. three years later, associates him with the shots at Burak B.
October 24, 2010 in Leipzig (Saxony): The neo-Nazis Daniel K. and Marcus E. beat up Kamal K. at the main station, sprayed him with pepper spray and then stabbed him. They attacked the 19-year-old Iraqi-born German indiscriminately. He died of his injuries that same night.
May 14, 2010 in Hemer (North Rhine-Westphalia): The 27-year-old Sven M. is stabbed in an illegal Nazi club by the bar owner Alexander U. He had connections to the right-wing scene himself and had been kicked out of the bar weeks earlier and brutally beaten later. That evening he apparently wanted to clarify who had attacked and threatened him.