The historian and hispanist Gabriel Jackson died this Sunday at the age of 98 in Ashland, Oregon, as the director of Editorial Crítica, Carmen Esteban, announced on Twitter.
Born in a Jewish family, he graduated in History and Literature at Harvard where he received a scholarship in Mexico in 1942 that led him to come into contact with Spanish culture and with Republican exiles . The Spanish Civil War, then, became his great passion.
We are gone Gabriel Jackson. Good friend, best person and author of a fundamental work, "The Spanish Republic and the Civil War". Rest in peace. @ Ed_Criticapic.twitter.com / cIOq0POvFx? Carmen Esteban (@CarmenEstebanE) November 6, 2019
After pursuing a master's degree at Stanford University , writing a thesis on the educational policy promoted by the Second Spanish Republic, Jackson, considered a disciple of Jaime Vicens Vives and Pierre Vilar , received a doctorate at the University of Toulouse with the reading of Joaquin Costa et les grands problèmes de l'Espagne moderne , a thesis on the figure of Joaquín Costa. And it was there in Toulouse where he resumed contact with Republican exiles.
In the 50s he returned to the United States with his wife, where he suffered persecution by the markup during the years he taught at Welley College, Knox College and years later at the University of California, San Diego.
Considered an authority on the Second Spanish Republic and the Civil War, with dozens of books published about it, including his latest manuscript, Juan Negrin. Doctor, socialist and head of the Government of the Second Spanish Republic , of which he was a great defender, he also reflected on the economic problems of interwar wars, the rise of fascism and the conflict between democracy and totalitarianism.
After his retirement in 1983 he moved to Barcelona and in 2005 he acquired Spanish nationality, even though he was an American by birth. From his years in Barcelona, Jackson has lived closely everything he lived in Catalonia . In fact, it adhered to the manifest Document on the use of the official languages of Catalonia, promoted by the Babel Forum and made public in 1997 against the linguistic politicians promoted by the Catalan Government.
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