Anti-Semitism is increasing in Germany and is also acceptable in the so-called better circles. This is the conclusion of a representative survey by the World Jewish Congress (WJC), which the Süddeutsche Zeitung reports on. According to this, 27 percent of all Germans and 18 percent of an elite group categorized as anti-Semitic think. 41 percent of Germans believe that Jews talk too much about the Holocaust.
For the study, the WJC, an umbrella organization of Jewish communities and organizations from more than 100 countries, had two-and-a-half months before the attack on the synagogue in Hall 1,300 questioned people. The attack occurred in early October, when the alleged assassin Stephan B. tried during the celebrations for the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur, armed to penetrate into the synagogue of the city on the Saale. After failing to do so, he shot dead two people in the street and severely injured two others. The 27-year-old sits in pretrial detention and confessed the act.
As the survey shows, anti-Semitism is not only manifest in such an extreme case, but is perceived by an overwhelming majority of the population and linked to the success of right-wing extremist parties. 65 percent of Germans and 76 percent of university graduates with an annual income of at least 100,000 euros, the so-called elite, recognize a connection. 28 percent of them claim that Jews have too much power in the economy, and 26 percent claim that they have "too much power in world politics" - statements that belong to the classical repertoire of anti-Semitism. Almost half of them (48 percent) claim that Jews are more loyal to Israel than to Germany.
At the same time, according to the study, the willingness to combat anti-Semitism is growing. Two thirds of this so-called elite would sign a petition against it, one third of all respondents would take to the streets against anti-Semitism. About 60 percent admit that Jews are at risk of violence or hate verbal attacks. Nevertheless, only 44 percent expressed concern about violence against Jews or Jewish institutions. One in four respondents thinks it is possible that "something like the Holocaust in Germany can be repeated today".
The President of the World Jewish Congress, Ronald S. Lauder, commented on the study in drastic terms. According to the Süddeutsche Zeitung, anti-Semitism has reached a crisis point in Germany. "It is time for all German society to take a stand and fight anti-Semitism head-on." Germany has a unique obligation to prevent the return of intolerance and hatred. If more than a quarter of society identified with anti-Semitism, it was time for the remaining three-quarters to defend democracy and tolerant societies.
Most recently, the interior ministers of the federal and state governments passed a ten-point paper. It provides, for example, better protection of Jewish institutions, tightening of arms legislation and more prevention. In addition, the Federal Government had initiated its own measures. The Cabinet decided on a concept for the fight against right-wing extremism.