Single parents are more often affected by unemployment than the population average. Of the 2.34 million people registered as unemployed in 2018, 179,000 were mothers or fathers raising one or more children alone. This is evident from answers of the Federal Ministry of Labor to questions of the left-wing parliamentary group, which are available to the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung . 112,000 more single parents moved to Hartz IV without being officially unemployed because they were not available for the care of children or the care of relatives for the labor market.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, about 5.6 percent of all single parents were unemployed in 2017. For the parents in a couple community, the rate was 2.2 percent less than half as high. For mothers, the difference is even more pronounced: 5.7 compared to 1.9 percent.
Every third single parent receives Hartz IV
According to the Ministry of Labor's reply, about 67.7 percent of the unemployed in 2018 were dependent on Hartz IV benefits. For single-parent unemployed, the rate was significantly higher at 86.9 percent. More than half of the Hartz IV families were lone-parent households last year. Overall, more than one in three single parents (36 percent) had to receive Hartz IV benefits, including many employed persons. In the total population it was only one in ten households (9.4 percent).
According to Sabine Zimmermann, labor market expert for the Left Group, the newspaper said that the federal government's family and labor market policy has a double "insufficient". Single parents would not only find it harder to get a job, "in addition, almost all single parents in Hartz IV will slip as soon as they are out of work," she said. "Job loss usually means poverty for them and their children".
The left-wing politician demanded a nationwide offer of kindergarten places, even in off-hours and during school holidays. "It also requires social benefits that prevent poverty," said Zimmermann. This includes "a basic child protection for every child in this country".