After the anti-Semitic attack in Halle, several politicians are calling for better protection of Jewish institutions. "The security of the Jewish community is the responsibility and responsibility of each state," said the European Union's anti-Semitism commissioner, Katharina von Schnurbein of the Funke Mediengruppe . She called on all EU Member States to adequately protect Jewish institutions and finance the security measures. A number of states have to catch up on this, so Schnurbein. In some cases, Jewish communities would have to spend 50 percent of their budget on security measures.
A right-wing extremist had shot a man and a woman on Wednesday near the synagogue in Halle an der Saale. According to investigators, he wanted to kill Jews in the synagogue on the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur, but did not get into the church. The suspect Stephan B. was issued on Thursday evening arrest warrant.
CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer also called for better protection of synagogues. "Jewish institutions must enjoy absolute protection in Germany," said Kramp-Karrenbauer in an interview with the Tagesspiegel . It must therefore be clarified why the synagogue in Halle "on this high Jewish holiday" this protection did not have.
In addition, right-wing extremist, anti-Semitic and also Islamist networks would have to be smashed, the German defense minister demanded. "Here, the inhuman seed is laid, which makes this protection necessary in the first place," said the CDU politician. As long as Jewish institutions in Germany need such security measures at all, our society has a real problem. The Minister of Defense added that security agencies and intelligence services must "get the right tools" in their fight against right-wing extremist networks. These are, for example, longer DNA retention periods, so that traces were not lost to the elucidation of serious crimes. "Halle's right-wing extremist, anti-Semitic terrorist attack demands the full rigor of the constitutional state," says Kramp-Karrenbauer.
Attack in Halle - Central Council of Jews criticized security precautions The lack of police protection in front of the synagogue in Halle is incomprehensible, said Central Council President Josef Schuster. On holidays there is an increased risk situation. © Photo: Karl-Josef Hildebrand / dpa / Picture Alliance
Federal Minister of Justice Christine Lambrecht (SPD) also joined the call for stronger protective measures. On the subject of the day , the Minister said on Thursday evening failures of the security authorities in the fight against right-wing extremism "I believe that we have not seen much of this country in this drama, in this meaning and that it is all the more important, now energetic, determined and to consistently act as the rule of law, "said Lamprecht. Politicians, the judiciary and security agencies should now commit themselves to better protecting Jewish citizens in Germany.
Meanwhile, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, according to a report of the Rheinische Post already tightened the protection of Jewish institutions. The number of Jewish institutions guarded by the police around the clock is now raised from three to 26. These include synagogues, Jewish parish and elderly centers as well as Jewish day care centers. The remaining 41 Jewish objects of protection in NRW are regularly observed by police patrols.
Anti-Semitic violence is not a new phenomenon. According to statistics of the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA) there are on average about five anti-Semitic attacks per day. Since 2001, the anti-Semitic attacks, which had a political background, increased from 1,691 cases in 2001 to 1,799 in 2018. Most anti-Semitic attacks are right-wing motivated. This is also stated by the Expert Group on Anti-Semitism of the Federal Government in its most recent report. The scientists estimate the unreported number of anti-Semitic incidents even higher. Many incidents would not be reported by sufferers or witnesses. In addition, the actual extent of anti-Semitic acts is systematically underestimated, since Vorfällle are often not classified by the police as politically motivated. The Central Council of Jews warned in the summer that the sense of security that is currently "getting further and further away" for Jews must be restored.