A culture of large families has begun to take shape in Russian society, and the country’s leadership intends to stimulate this trend.

This statement was made by the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation Anton Kotyakov on Monday, January 22.

“The number of large families is seriously increasing and increasing.

Literally over the last eight to ten years, the number of large families has doubled,” TASS quotes the head of the Ministry of Labor.

In total, according to government estimates, there are currently about 24.5 million families in Russia, raising a total of 30 million children.

Moreover, almost every tenth family (2.3 million) is considered to have many children.

“These are very good indicators, but... they are not enough.

We must try to ensure that we have more such families, and do everything possible to ensure that families in our big country live comfortably,” Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said on Monday during a speech at the Russia exhibition and forum.

In recent years, Russians have become more likely to have three or more children amid a general increase in well-being, says Georgiy Ostapkovich, director of the Center for Market Research at the Institute of Statistical Research and Economics of Knowledge at the National Research University Higher School of Economics.

In addition, as the expert noted, for many regions of the country having many children is a traditional phenomenon.

“Usually in Western countries the birth of a large number of children is associated with increased family income, and in Eastern countries it is associated with the strong influence of traditions.

In Russia, these two factors are now converging, which is responsible for the significant growth of the indicator in the last decade,” Ostapkovich explained in a conversation with RT.

According to a Rosstat study, approximately 23% of Russian women aged 18 to 44 would like to have one child, while 48.5% of respondents want to have two children, and almost 24% of respondents - three or more.

According to Olga Lebedinskaya, associate professor of the Department of Statistics of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, today there is an increase in social motives in the reproductive behavior of citizens.

“If previously the decision to have a third child was mainly made contrary to generally accepted norms and standards of small children, now we are increasingly seeing the opposite trend.

The growing popularity of having many children is somewhat supported by the presence of additional benefits or advantages of a socio-psychological nature,” explained RT’s interlocutor.

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Today in Russia there is a whole range of measures to support families with children.

The main one, according to Anton Kotyakov, remains maternity capital.

As part of this program, today 586.9 thousand rubles are allocated for the first child, about 775.6 thousand for the second (188.7 thousand if the parents have already received money for the first-born).

Moreover, from February 1, the amounts are planned to be indexed to 630.4 thousand and 833 thousand (202.6 thousand) rubles, respectively.

“A whole system of regional decisions has been built around these measures.

Thus, in addition to federal maternity capital, regional maternity capital was introduced in 72 regions, which is provided primarily at the birth of the third and subsequent children.

The size of regional maternity capital varies today from 52 thousand rubles in the Altai Republic to 500 thousand in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, and in most regions the range of this amount varies from 150 thousand to 250 thousand rubles,” the minister noted earlier.

In addition to maternity capital, Russia has a unified allowance for low-income families for children from birth to 17 years of age.

The amount of such assistance depends on the income of the parents and can be 50, 75 or 100% of the regional subsistence level for children.

Now it is about 7.5 thousand, 11.2 thousand and 15 thousand rubles, respectively.

In addition, Russians with one child born in 2018, as well as parents with at least two children under the age of 18, have the opportunity to take out a mortgage at a reduced rate of 6% per annum.

You can get such a loan when purchasing real estate worth up to 12 million rubles in the Moscow and St. Petersburg agglomerations and up to 6 million rubles in other regions of the country.

Moreover, families with three children can count on a subsidy from the state in the amount of 450 thousand rubles to repay the loan.

“Thanks to the initiatives of the country’s leadership, it has become much easier for families with children to purchase housing.

At the same time, we see a constant increase in various social payments to families both at the federal and regional levels.

All these actions of the authorities stimulate an increase in the birth rate,” Pavel Sigal, first vice-president of the all-Russian public organization of small and medium-sized businesses “Opora Rossii”, told RT.

According to general rules

Let us add that by decree of President Vladimir Putin, 2024 has been declared the Year of the Family in Russia.

In this regard, the head of state previously instructed the government to work out additional measures to protect motherhood and childhood, as well as to strengthen family values.

“It is also important to revive the traditions of large families.

As we agreed, it is necessary to establish the status of large families at the federal level, people are asking for this... with appropriate benefits and support mechanisms that will be guaranteed, and guaranteed uniformly throughout the country.

This decision needs to be made quickly,” Putin said on December 21.

According to Georgy Ostapkovich, today in Russian regions there are different approaches to defining a large family, so support measures can also differ radically.

The president’s initiative will help make the system more holistic and equalize parents in receiving financial assistance, the specialist is sure.

“In general, due to the increase in the number of large families in the country, in 15-20 years more labor resources and knowledge usually appear.

As a result, the production of goods and services, the number of scientific discoveries and, accordingly, the volume of GDP increase.

At the same time, as the domestic market expands, purchasing power also grows.

For example, the Chinese economy ranks first in the world in terms of purchasing power parity, largely due to high indicators in terms of the number of working-age and consumer-active population,” Ostapkovich concluded.