A few days ago, the list of the 2023 Top 500 Chinese Private Enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the "Top 500 Private Enterprises") and the list of the 2023 Top 500 Chinese Enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the "Top 500 Enterprises") were released successively. Many experts, scholars and people from the business community said that the two lists highlight the growth and progress of the private economy, and also strengthen the confidence of the majority of private enterprises to further develop and grow.
Comprehensive strength strengthened
The revenue of the top 2023 private enterprises in 500 increased by 3.94%, and 2023 private enterprises accounted for 500 of the top 244 enterprises in <>
From the list of the top 500 private enterprises, the revenue scale and overall strength of private enterprises have increased.
The entry threshold is higher. The entry threshold of the top 2023 private enterprises in 500 reached 275.78 billion yuan, an increase of 12.11 billion yuan over the previous year.
Higher revenues. The total operating income of the top 2023 private enterprises in 500 was 39.83 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.94%.
Stronger scale. The total assets of the top 2023 private enterprises in 500 will be 46.31 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.21%. There are 28 top 500 private enterprises listed in the world's top 500.
"The Party Central Committee has always adhered to 'two unwavering' and 'three unchanged'. Looking at the process of continuously raising the threshold for shortlisting of the top 500 private enterprises and the changes in the ranking of enterprises over the past ten years, with the support of various policies, the majority of private enterprises have pioneered and innovated, faced difficulties, actively adapted to new situations, new situations and new changes, actively explored new markets, new formats and new fields, and achieved new leaps and breakthroughs in transformation and upgrading, structural optimization, quality improvement and efficiency. Xu Lejiang, deputy director of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee and secretary of the party group of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, said.
From the list of the top 500 enterprises, in recent years, the number of shortlisted private enterprises has maintained a growth trend.
"Among the top 2023 enterprises in 500, the number of private enterprises is 244, an increase of 2013 from 54." Gao Rui, an associate researcher at the China Enterprise Confederation, told reporters that in recent years, the number of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises on the list has gradually approached, and the quantitative structure of different ownership systems has tended to be stable.
Improvement of development quality
In 2023, the R&D investment of the top 500 enterprises continued to increase, and the R&D intensity reached a record high
Innovation is the first driving force to lead development, and enterprises are the main body of scientific and technological innovation. In recent years, according to the national strategic needs and industry development trends, the majority of private enterprises have continued to increase investment in research and development, carried out key core technology research, and made achievements in scientific and technological innovation. These welcome changes are also reflected in the two lists.
Let's first look at the list of the top 500 private enterprises.
More investment in scientific research. Among the top 2023 private enterprises in 500, 3 enterprises with R&D personnel accounting for more than 326% of the total number of employees, and 10 enterprises with more than 175% of the total number of employees; There are 3 enterprises with R&D investment intensity of more than 86%, and 10 enterprises with more than 8%.
The role of innovation is highlighted. Among the top 2023 private enterprises in 500, 414 enterprises mainly come from independent development and research and development. More than ninety percent of enterprises have implemented or plan to implement digital transformation at different levels, and nearly ninety percent have taken various measures to implement green and low-carbon development.
Let's look at the Top 500 list.
In 2023, the R&D investment of the top 500 enterprises continued to increase, and the R&D intensity hit a new high of 1.85%, of which private enterprises played an important role - the shortlisted private enterprises invested a total of 7036.34 billion yuan in R&D expenses, accounting for 44.57%.
R&D investment is consistent, and innovation results continue to emerge. The total number of private enterprises declared among the top 2023 enterprises in 500 was 69,52, an increase of 5.83% over the previous year, of which 34,8 invention patents were declared, an increase of 25.2420% over the previous year; In terms of participation in the formulation of international standards, private enterprises declared and participated in a total of 48 projects, accounting for 48.2023%. In addition, in the 100 Top 56 Chinese Large Enterprise Innovation, there are 6 private enterprises, of which 10 such as Huawei, ZTE, and Midea entered the top <>.
In terms of international operation, private enterprises have also performed well, with steady development of foreign investment and steady progress in internationalization indicators.
The total export value of the top 2023 private enterprises in 500 was 2763.64 billion US dollars, an increase of 309.34 billion US dollars over the previous year, an increase of 12.6%. Among the top 2023 Chinese multinational companies in 100, 20 of the top 15 companies ranked by the multinational index are private enterprises.
"Private enterprises have made positive progress in innovation and development, industrial structure optimization and international operation, which is the embodiment of private enterprises continuously improving development quality, enhancing development resilience and improving development momentum." Gao Rui said.
The role contribution increases
The total tax payment of the top 500 private enterprises accounted for 7.51% of the total tax revenue of the country, and the total employment accounted for 1.5% of the total number of employed persons in the country
The total tax payment reached 1.25 trillion yuan, accounting for 7.51% of the total national tax revenue, and 3 enterprises paid more than 400 billion yuan in taxes; The total number of employed persons was 1097,21,1, accounting for 5.358% of the total number of employed persons in the country; 329 enterprises participated in rural revitalization, and 2023 enterprises participated in the "500,<> enterprises prospering <>,<> villages" action... Looking at the <> Top <> Private Enterprises list, many private enterprises actively fulfill their social responsibilities and have played an important role in stabilizing growth, promoting employment and benefiting people's livelihood.
State-owned enterprises are the "pillars" of the socialist economy with Chinese characteristics, and the private economy is a new force for promoting Chinese-style modernization. It can be seen from the two lists that state-owned enterprises and private enterprises compete and cooperate, complement each other's advantages, and go hand in hand, which has injected strong impetus into economic development.
Let's take a look at the top 2023 leading enterprises in China's strategic emerging industries in 100. Among them, 49 state-owned enterprises are involved, involving 9 fields, which have significant advantages in the field of high-end equipment manufacturing. There are 51 private enterprises, involving 7 fields, mainly distributed in the fields of new generation information technology, new materials and new energy.
Let's look at the top 2023 Chinese service enterprises in 500. State-owned enterprises have advantages in public services and basic services, while private enterprises are more dynamic in Internet services, logistics, supply chain services and other fields.
"In the series of lists of China's top 500 enterprises, state-owned enterprises and private enterprises have obvious industry attributes, and they give full play to their respective advantages, present their own development characteristics, and jointly support the high-quality development of China's economy." Gao Rui said.
At the same time, we should also see that due to multiple factors, some operating indicators of private enterprises fluctuate. "Economic development has never been smooth sailing, China's economy has full potential, great resilience, strong vitality, has many advantages and conditions, and the long-term good fundamentals will not change." Wang Zhongyu, president of the China Enterprise Confederation and the China Entrepreneurs Association, said.
"In the socialist market economy environment, the state-owned economy and the private economy have their own advantages and characteristics, such as the two wings of a bird and the two wheels of a car. Only when the state-owned economy and the private economy develop in harmony and common development can China's economy go steadily, well and far. Cong Liang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that he believes that with the implementation of various policies, the development vitality and endogenous power of the private economy will be further stimulated.