Accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading and promote high-quality development (high-quality development research line)
-- Beijing, Hebei, Shandong and Hubei are focusing on optimizing the economic structure
Huatuo Road, Siqiao Road, Shizhen Road... Beijing Daxing, the roads named after famous doctors crisscross and interweave an industrial park with an output value of 100 billion yuan - Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park Daxing Biomedical Industry Base. Today, the base is moving towards building a "Chinese Medicine Valley" with international influence.
0.01 mm! Thin as a cicada wing, but able to withstand thousands of degrees Celsius. The extreme ultra-thin optical glass developed by Hebei Qinhuangdao Xingjian Special Glass Co., Ltd. is widely used in the aerospace field, putting on "armor" for Shenzhou series spacecraft.
Don't use materials for garmentmaking? Shandong Weihai Dishang Group, one of the largest garment export enterprises in China. Here, a sample garment is designed and made without fabric procurement and actual sewing. Take a few minutes, find the right resource in the database, virtually sew it in 3D, and sample a garment.
The driverless bus moves forward steadily, and the vehicle automatically accelerates, decelerates, changes lanes, turns, turns around, and automatically stops when encountering red lights or obstacles. In the "China Car Valley" in the Wuhan Economic Development Zone of Hubei Province, "smart cars" cooperate with "smart roads", and sci-fi scenes become reality...
High-quality development is the primary task of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed, "We must unremittingly promote high-quality development, accelerate the transformation of economic development mode, accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading, accelerate the conversion of new and old kinetic energy, and promote the reasonable growth of economic development and the steady improvement of quality." ”
Walking in Beijing, Hebei, Lu'e, I always feel the unremitting efforts of "economic structure optimization". All localities tap potential, optimize and increase momentum, upgrade and add vitality through transformation, achieve both quantity and quality, and promote high-quality development.
Do good work and promote industrial transformation and upgrading
"Reduced development" is a key word in Beijing's development in recent years.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that easing Beijing's non-capital functions is the "bull's nose" of Beijing's urban planning and construction. To implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions, Beijing has made efforts to transform its power, innovate its model, and improve its level, giving full play to its advantages in science and technology and talents, and striving to build a new highland for development.
In recent years, Beijing has issued the country's first new industrial prohibition catalogue aimed at tackling "big city diseases", withdrawing about 3000,1000 general manufacturing and polluting enterprises and easing and upgrading nearly 9000,7700 regional professional markets and logistics centers. Taking advantage of the space vacated by demolition and retreat, Beijing has left about 2013,40 hectares of white space and increased greenery, and built and upgraded more than 7,2022 convenient service outlets. The easing has also led to the optimization of the industrial structure, and the proportion of newly established business entities such as science and technology, commerce, culture, and information has increased from 65.6% in <> to <>.<>% in <>.
Hebei and Shandong are both traditional industrial provinces. In recent years, the two provinces have focused on eliminating backward and excess production capacity, cultivating new economic growth points, and accelerating high-quality development.
Tangshan, Hebei Province was built because of coal and prospered because of steel. While eliminating backward production capacity, Tangshan has made every effort to build three pillars of new industry, large port and high technology, accelerated the construction of a modern industrial system supported by high-quality steel, high-end equipment manufacturing, robots, new energy, new materials and other industries, and strived to promote the transformation and development of the old industrial city.
The change in Tangshan is the epitome of Hebei's efforts to transform the coal-biased energy structure and heavy industrial structure. At present, Hebei has exceeded the task of reducing production capacity in the six major industries of steel, coal, cement, flat glass, coke and thermal power assigned by the state; On the other hand, accelerate the planning and construction of a clean, efficient and diversified support new energy system. In 2022, the total installed capacity of wind power photovoltaic in Hebei will reach 6652.210 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of pumped storage will be <>.<> million kilowatts, gradually forming a new pattern of multi-energy complementary energy.
Six years ago, after the last molten iron furnace, the steel production line of Jinan, Shandong Province, which had been established for 6 years, was completely stopped, becoming the first 59-million-ton urban steel enterprise in China to completely shut down its main steel industry.
Go to capacity, not "to the enterprise". In the past six years, Jigang has actively explored a new development model of "industry-city integration and cross-border integration" to achieve phoenix nirvana.
"In 2021, Jigang's operating income will be 447.500 billion yuan, returning to the top 2022 national enterprises; In 466, it will achieve an operating income of <>.<> billion yuan. Bo Tao, secretary of the party committee and chairman of Jigang Group Co., Ltd., said that Jigang Group will focus on a new generation of information technology, intelligent manufacturing, modern services and other industrial fields to accelerate the realization of high-quality development.
In the Yichang New Material Industrial Park of Hubei Xingfa Group, a circular landmark cast in copper by the river is engraved with a series of meaningful numbers such as "2018.4.24". From that day on, a major transformation began.
32 sets of chemical production plants along the river were dismantled, with a total asset value of nearly 14.12 billion yuan; Block sewage outlets and invest 60.5 billion yuan to build sewage treatment plants; With a total investment of nearly <> billion yuan, we will comprehensively promote the green transformation and upgrading of enterprises...... In the past five years, Xingfa Group, a veteran chemical enterprise, has continuously improved the "green content" and "gold content" of its development.
Transformation generates new momentum for development. Chen Xiaoqing, assistant general manager of Xingfa Group, said that at present, the price of high-tech chemical products developed by the group can reach 5000,<> yuan per gram, and the products have changed from "selling on tons" to "selling on grams", and economic growth and environmental improvement have achieved a win-win situation.
General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed at the symposium on promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, "At present and for a long time to come, we must put the restoration of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River in an overwhelming position, jointly grasp the great protection, and not engage in large-scale development." "Transforming the mode, adjusting the structure, increasing kinetic energy, between development and protection, Hubei has found a convergence." In the first half of this year, Hubei achieved a GDP of 26259.22 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.6%, showing a stable start, sustained recovery and steady improvement.
"Breaking" new space, "building" new advantages, the industrial structure of Beijing, Hebei, Lu'e, and the four regions are being optimized and the quality of development is improving.
Reform and innovation to achieve the conversion of old and new kinetic energy
Shandong is a comprehensive experimental area for the conversion of new and old kinetic energy approved by the state. Walking into Jinan's new and old kinetic energy conversion starting area, there is a busy construction scene. Not long ago, 400 key projects with a total investment of more than 33 billion yuan were started here, covering advanced manufacturing, strategic emerging industries and other fields.
Chen Ying, general manager of Jinan Green Hydrogen Energy Technology Co., Ltd., which was put into operation last year, told reporters: "We chose to land in the start-up area, focusing on the rich hydrogen energy application scenarios here and the good business environment created by streamlined and efficient management." ”
In May this year, the "Shandong Province Deepening Business Environment Innovation and Improvement Action Plan" was released, which is the fourth consecutive action plan for optimizing the business environment issued by Shandong since 5. "We have proposed 2020 specific reform measures in 20 areas to build a more attractive and competitive business environment in an all-round way." Zhang Chengjie, full-time deputy director of the Reform Office of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee, said.
Continuously optimizing the business environment is the "division factor" that removes the obstacles to the development of business entities. With two original biological drugs, Tatacept and vedicitumab, Remegen has reached the world's leading level in the field of antibody drug research and development. Looking back on the arduous course of "ten years of grinding one medicine", Chairman Wang Weidong said that on the road of innovation, he has always felt the government's sincerity in solving difficulties for business entities. The continuous increase in the policy of super-deduction of R&D expenses highlights the clear orientation of the state to encourage and support scientific and technological innovation, and is a real support for innovative drug R&D enterprises to alleviate financial pressure and increase R&D efforts.
Looking at Yantai's high-end manufacturing industry, thanks to the excellent business environment and strong foundation, the biomedical industry represented by Remegen Biotechnology is showing a new scene full of expectations: several breakthroughs have been made in frontier fields, the industrial innovation ecology has been gradually optimized, and new development space has been further opened.
The conversion of new and old kinetic energy has continuously optimized Shandong's economic structure and strengthened its new advantages. In the first half of this year, Shandong's GDP was 44125,6.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.7%, and investment in high-tech manufacturing increased by <>.<>%.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that "opening up new fields and new tracks for development with scientific and technological innovation and shaping new momentum and advantages for development are the trend of the times and the urgent requirements for high-quality development, and we must rely on innovation, especially scientific and technological innovation, to achieve power change and kinetic energy conversion." ”
In the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei National Technology Innovation Center, super "seeds" are being cultivated. According to reports, at present, the center has implemented 208 forward-looking scientific and technological innovation projects, of which about 10% are the world's first or leading, and 139 have achieved the transformation of achievements; 105 hard technology enterprises have been cultivated, including 9 listed companies.
As a national science and technology innovation center, in recent years, Beijing's R&D investment intensity has remained at about 6%, ranking in the forefront of international innovation cities, cultivating and forming two trillion-level industrial clusters of a new generation of information technology industry and science and technology service industry, and becoming an innovation engine for the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei.
In the first half of this year, Beijing Daxing Economic Development Zone ushered in a new breakthrough in "attracting big and strong". There are 1089,298 newly registered enterprises in Daxing Economic Development Zone, and 14 enterprises with a registered capital of 60 million yuan or more, including <> enterprises worth <> million yuan; Digital economy and science and technology service enterprises account for about <>%.
Innovative development is the key to climbing the hill. Only by unswervingly deepening reform, breaking down institutional barriers that hinder development, and increasing support for strategic emerging industries can we give play to the innovation-driven "multiplier effect" and promote high-quality development.
Hebei Far East Communication System Engineering Co., Ltd., located in Shijiazhuang Luquan Development Zone, recently put into operation a "high-stability constant temperature crystal oscillator production line". The production line is a special fund support project for the development of strategic emerging industries in Hebei, which has achieved mass production of high-stability constant temperature crystal oscillator products.
"Constant temperature crystal oscillator is a high-end time-frequency device, widely used in 5G mobile communications, satellite navigation and other fields." Zhang Wenping, an engineer of the company, introduced that at present, the annual output of the company's high-end constant temperature crystal oscillators exceeds 200 million, and the annual shipment is leading in the world.
Guided by the new development concept, Hebei vigorously supports strategic emerging industries represented by a new generation of information technology, biomedicine and aerospace technology, opens up new fields of development, and shapes new momentum for development. In the first half of this year, Hebei achieved a GDP of 20778.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.1%, and the secondary and tertiary industries became the main support for the province's economic growth.
Wuhan East Lake New Technology Development Zone is known as "China Optics Valley" and is the largest laser industry base in China. In June 2022, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during his inspection tour in Hubei that "Hubei Wuhan East Lake New Technology Development Zone is unique in the field of optoelectronic information industry. ”
The three-dimensional five-axis laser cutting machine represents the highest technical level of laser CNC machine tools in the world and is an important equipment for automobile manufacturing. In recent years, leading enterprises such as Huagong Technology have carried out collaborative innovation, which has promoted the "three major parts" of three-dimensional five-axis CNC system, laser and cutting head to completely get rid of import dependence.
Collaborative innovation has broken through a series of key technologies and injected strong impetus into China's manufacturing. Hubei has taken advantage of the momentum to strengthen the "optical vehicle linkage" and set up two trillion-yuan industrial clusters, once again confirming the "multiplier factor" status of scientific and technological innovation in development.
"Optics Valley" to the east, Wuhan embraces Ezhou, Huangshi and Huanggang, and weaves the "optical core screen end network" innovative industrial chain, the output of optical fiber and cable is the first in the world, and the output of optoelectronic devices and small and medium-sized display panels is the first in the country; "Chegu" to the west, Wuhan hand in hand with Xiangyang, Shiyan and Suizhou, together to build a national automobile development highland, commercial vehicles and special vehicles production ranked first in the country.
In the test of high-quality development, the conversion of new and old kinetic energy is a mandatory question. Knowing the heavy burden, knowing the responsibility and running with the mission, the hot soil of local development is playing the rousing melody of innovation and creation.
Steady and far-reaching, better benefit all people
The happiness and well-being of the people is the ultimate goal of promoting high-quality development.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that "with the theme of promoting high-quality development, we must unswervingly implement the new development concept, take deepening supply-side structural reform as the main line, adhere to quality first, benefit first, effectively transform the development mode, promote quality change, efficiency change, and power change, so that development results can better benefit all the people, and constantly realize the people's yearning for a better life." ”
Driving economic development to achieve both quantity and quality, and promoting the people's sense of gain, happiness and security are vividly embodied in the complete, accurate and comprehensive implementation of the new development concept in all localities.
Since 2014, Shijiazhuang citizen Wang Ruchun has photographed the same sky in the city at a fixed time and place every day. In the "sky diary" composed of more than 3000,<> photos, from "smog locked city" to seeing the skyline, and then to clear skies becoming the norm, the number of blue skies in Shijiazhuang is increasing.
People do not live up to the green mountain, and the green mountain will not live up to the people. In 2022, the average concentration of PM2.5 in Hebei Province was 36.8 micrograms per cubic meter, the best level in history since monitoring records began in 2013. In the first half of this year, the proportion of excellent air in the province was 81.9%, an increase of 3.9 percentage points year-on-year. The forest coverage rate of the province increased from 2015% in 31 to 2022.35% in 6; The excellent proportion of surface water national examination sections in the province reached 84.4%, and the sections of class V and below were cleared for the first time. Green development allows the broad masses of people to share blue sky, green land and beautiful water.
Green water and green mountains are gold and silver mountains. Walking into Wujiatai Village, Wanzhai Township, Xuan'en County, Hubei Province, the tea plantations that spread over the mountains are shrouded in mist, and the air is filled with a faint tea fragrance. "Wujiatai has a history of growing tea for more than 2000,<> years, and once ordinary people guarded the 'green leaves' and lived a tight life, and many villagers abandoned tea gardens to go out to work, and some even prepared to destroy the tea gardens and plant other crops." Zheng Shibing, secretary of the party branch of Wujiatai Village, recalled.
In recent years, Wujiatai Village has deeply excavated the natural tourism of tea gardens, the exhibition of intangible cultural heritage skills of tribute tea, etc., deepened the integration of tea tourism, changed the tea area into a scenic spot, picked and changed experience, received more than 300 million tourists in total, and achieved a comprehensive tourism income of 6 million yuan. Once an unknown small mountain village, it has been listed as a "National Civilized Village" for two consecutive times.
Take flowers as a medium, and use flowers to revitalize the city. Shandong Heze focuses on promoting the growth of peony "chain", actively develops new technologies, new products and new formats, and realizes the "beautiful butterfly change" from "one flower" to "the entire peony industry chain". In 2022, the output value of Heze peony industry will exceed 100 billion yuan, driving more than 10,<> people to employment, and peony has become a "golden key" for Heze to open rural revitalization.
High-quality life is inseparable from high-quality products. Not long ago, the 2023 China International Consumer Electronics Expo opened in Qingdao, and the Haier Smart Home exhibition area was crowded. Through the Haier three-winged bird whole-house smart all-scenario solution displayed on site, people not only experienced a series of high-end technology products, but also felt the convenience and warmth of customized "smart home", and discovered new possibilities in life.
A high quality of life requires high-quality services. On the banks of the North Canal, an "underground city" of about 128.2025 million square meters has emerged. This is the Beijing Sub-Central Station Comprehensive Transportation Hub Project under construction, which is expected to be put into use in <>. According to reports, in the future, it will not only be a hub for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei transportation transfer, but also a new gateway and sub-center of the capital Beijing's dynamic business district.
Hu Jiulong, member of the Party Working Committee and deputy director of the Management Committee of the Beijing Sub-Center, said, "The planning and construction of the sub-center has always adhered to the people-centered development thinking, and all urban functions are to better meet the people's yearning for a better life." ”
Nowadays in Beijing, people can experience the real changes around them - the optimization of urban spatial layout and economic structure, the continuous improvement of air quality, and the more beautiful living environment of residents...
The wind is good and the sails are good, and it is time to forge ahead. Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and anchoring the course of high-quality development, China's economic ship will certainly be able to ride the wind and waves, travel steadily and far, and continuously improve people's livelihood and well-being.
(People's Daily reporters Zhang Zhifeng, Hou Linliang, Wang Haonan, Pan Junqiang, Shi Ziqiang, Fan Haotian, Wang Zhou, Ma Yuan participated in the writing)