The transformation of urban villages benefits people's livelihood and expands domestic demand
Our reporter is Qi Shu
Since the beginning of this year, the transformation of urban villages has been mentioned many times by important central meetings. Actively and steadily promoting the transformation of urban villages in megacities is a work deployment of great and far-reaching significance made from the perspective of the overall strategic situation. The promotion of urban village transformation is related to people's livelihood and well-being, and also helps to promote economic and social development.
The implementation of the transformation is far-reaching
The transformation of urban villages is accelerating in China. The Politburo meeting of the CPC Central Committee held on April 4 this year proposed to actively and steadily promote the transformation of urban villages in megacities. On July 28, the "Guiding Opinions on Actively and Steadily Promoting the Transformation of Urban Villages in Megacities" was deliberated and adopted at the executive meeting of the State Council. The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on July 7 and pointed out that it is actively promoting the transformation of urban villages. On July 21, a video and telephone conference was held in Beijing to actively and steadily promote the transformation of urban villages in megacities.
Megacities are the main scope of urban village transformation. According to the urban area of more than 1000 million permanent population of more than 500 million cities as megacities, urban areas of more than 1000 million and cities below 7 million as megacities, according to the seventh national census data, there are currently 14 megacities and <> megacities in the country. Megacities have achieved rapid development, but urban villages in these cities can be said to be weak links in economic and social development. As a stock of housing, urban villages are the first foothold for new citizens and young people such as foreign builders of many megacities. The messy layout of urban villages, the dilapidated and dense houses, the lack of public services, and the relatively poor environmental sanitation conditions are in great contrast to the glamorous urban core area.
The implementation of urban village renovation is of far-reaching significance. Actively and steadily promoting the transformation of urban villages is conducive to eliminating the shortcomings of urban construction and governance, improving the living environment conditions of urban and rural residents, expanding domestic demand, and optimizing the real estate structure. Urban development outcomes should benefit more urban residents, and the dirty environment of urban villages is far from people's expectations for good housing, and urban village renovation can improve the living environment. The transformation of urban villages is a people's livelihood project, but also a development project, which can play an important role in promoting investment and expanding domestic demand. Promoting the transformation of urban villages will further stimulate the vitality of upstream and downstream related industries and drive effective investment and consumption. At the same time, it will also help to make up for the shortcomings of the development of megacities, improve public services while improving the urban environment, enhance the degree of urban civilization, and promote the high-quality development of cities.
From the objective reality point of view, at this stage, to promote the transformation of urban villages is difficult, there are many contradictions, and the situation is complex, and it is necessary to adhere to the problem-oriented and goal-oriented, solve the difficult problems of how to calculate accounts, how to use money, how to requisition land, how to resettle people and industries with new ideas and new methods, and explore a new way of urban village transformation under the new situation.
Multi-city actively and steadily advancing
In the process of promoting the transformation of urban villages, in addition to the relevant departments to pay close attention to improving the policy system, it is also necessary for the relevant city governments to earnestly fulfill their main responsibilities, strengthen their leadership, improve the working mechanism, and promote the transformation of urban villages to achieve practical results.
Recently, the Ministry of Natural Resources issued the Notice on Carrying out the Pilot Work of Redevelopment of Inefficient Land, in order to implement the relevant requirements of actively and steadily promoting the transformation of urban villages in megacities, focusing on the revitalization of existing land and improving land use efficiency, carrying out pilot redevelopment of inefficient land in 43 cities including Beijing, exploring innovative policy measures, and improving incentive and constraint mechanisms. Focus on the transformation of urban villages and inefficient industrial land, promote the redevelopment of various types of inefficient land, and promote the transformation of urban and rural development from incremental dependence to stock potential exploitation. This pilot project will help urban villages to have a more reasonable layout, optimized structure, better functions and more complete facilities.
In recent years, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other cities have made many useful explorations in the transformation of urban villages.
Shanghai proposed that by 2025, the urban village renovation project around the central urban area will be fully launched; By 2027, the renovation project of urban villages around the central urban area will be fully completed. Shanghai has issued a series of policies to support the transformation of urban villages. There is a relatively complete policy design in terms of transformation methods, identification of transformation subjects, land transfer policies, fiscal and taxation support, financing support, and capital balance, and the participation of market-oriented mechanisms is also fully considered.
A few days ago, the relevant departments of Guangzhou Municipality issued the Regulations on the Transformation of Urban Villages in Guangzhou (Draft for Comments), indicating that Guangzhou will promote the transformation of urban villages through legislation. Since the beginning of this year, Guangzhou has actively explored new ideas and new ways for the transformation of urban villages, strengthened the role of "effective market and promising government", adhered to the "net land transfer", and carried out the pilot project of "coordinated land development" in key areas for urban village transformation. The so-called overall planning of land is that the government introduces enterprises to make "raw land" that is to be demolished and relocated into "cooked land" that can be transferred.
For some time, Shenzhen has promoted the quality and safety transformation and improvement of affordable housing in urban villages. Shenzhen's combination of urban village renovation and the development of affordable rental housing is an exploration of coordinating affordable rental housing and urban village transformation. Identifying the combination of urban village renovation and affordable rental housing, and integrating the two through urban village rent, can provide more high-quality and affordable affordable affordable rental housing.
Renovation is not simply demolition and new construction
The transformation of urban villages has begun to accelerate, and some people think, is this another large-scale demolition and construction of the city? It is clear that the transformation of urban villages is an important part of urban renewal, and should not be simply torn down and rebuilt. The transformation of urban villages is a complex and arduous system project, which should be classified and transformed in different ways such as demolition and new construction, rectification and upgrading, and combination of demolition and reorganization in accordance with the relevant arrangements of the central authorities.
Qin Hong, director of the Urban Renewal Research Center of the National Development Institute of Chinese Minmin University, believes that some urban village renovation will be demolished, some will not be demolished, and some will be partially demolished, and there is actually no way to accurately calculate how much and how large area to demolish. However, what is certain is that the transformation of urban villages has positive significance for increasing investment, enhancing urban vitality and achieving high-quality urban development.
Qin Hong believes that the transformation of urban villages will vigorously make up for the shortcomings of public services. The future transformation of urban villages will not simply solve the problem of increasing living space, but more to promote the high-quality development of the city. Therefore, in addition to living space and industrial space, it will also be required to improve education, culture, leisure, communication, commerce, green space, one old and one small service in the transformation of urban villages, and these shortcomings should be made up in the transformation of urban villages.
Li Yujia, chief researcher of the Housing Policy Research Center of the Guangdong Urban Planning Institute, believes that the transformation of urban villages will mainly achieve a balance of funds through long-term operation, which is completely different from the way of paying for the price increase and sales of commercial housing in the past, which is also an important part of the new real estate model. The parts that can be operated include: renovating catering retail, commercial services, parking lots, public rental housing and long-term rental housing, commercial elderly care facilities, industrial parks, etc.
"The transformation of urban villages must not be a simple real estate development, it must be a combination of multiple goals. Urban renewal includes the renewal of three major spaces, namely living space, industrial space and public space, so it is not simply tearing down houses and building commercial houses and resettlement houses, for enterprises involved in them, there must also be requirements for industry, culture, operation, management, investment and other capabilities. Qin Hong said.
In the process of accelerating the transformation of urban villages, for real estate enterprises, those comprehensive real estate enterprises with a long industrial chain, multiple operating sectors, good reputation and strong financing capabilities are expected to have more opportunities. In the long run, the transformation of urban villages will be carried out in accordance with the relevant arrangements of the central government, and the overall planning of transformation funds and planning indicators will be carried out throughout the city and the overall planning of land resources in the region, so as to promote the comprehensive balance and dynamic balance of funds. A net land transfer must be carried out. Adhere to the market-oriented development and operation mode of multiple business formats. Build supporting public infrastructure and do a good job in historical and cultural inheritance and protection. (Economic Daily)