Consolidate the good momentum of the machinery industry
Reporter Liu Jin
The machinery industry is an important cornerstone to support the country's manufacturing capacity and comprehensive national strength, and is the "ballast stone" to stabilize the industrial economic market. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other 7 departments recently jointly issued the "Machinery Industry Steady Growth Work Plan (2023-2024)", proposing to strive for an average growth rate of more than 2023% in the operating income of the machinery industry from 2024 to 3, reaching 2024.8 trillion yuan by 1, cultivating a number of competitive small and medium-sized enterprise characteristic clusters and 10 industrial clusters with international competitiveness of about <> billion yuan.
Wang Weiming, director of the First Department of Equipment Industry of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that the steady growth plan of the machinery industry mainly focuses on 11 sub-industries such as machine tools, agricultural machinery, engineering machinery, robots, and medical equipment. China will support equipment manufacturing enterprises to carry out key core technology research and intelligent green transformation.
Development momentum accumulates and grows
Recently, Guangxi Liugong Machinery Co., Ltd. released a half-year performance report that its operating income in the first half of the year was about 150.36 billion yuan, an increase of 9.22% over the same period last year; The net profit attributable to shareholders of the listed company was about 6 million yuan, an increase of 14.28% over the same period last year.
The rapid growth of leading enterprises is behind the overall improvement of the equipment industry. First, the rapid recovery of equipment industrial production. According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, from January to July this year, the added value of the equipment industry increased by 1.7% year-on-year, 8.9 percentage points higher than that of industries above designated size, which played an obvious role in driving industrial growth; second, the efficiency of enterprises continued to improve, from January to July, the operating income and total profit of enterprises above designated size in the equipment industry increased by 5.1% and 1.7% respectively year-on-year, which was 7 and 5.14 percentage points higher than that of industries above designated size; third, exports maintained steady growth, and the value of export deliveries increased by 1.8% year-on-year. It is 29.6 percentage points higher than that of industries above designated size.
Zuo Shiquan, chief engineer of the Equipment Industry Development Center of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, analyzed that the overall recovery of the demand market, the support of various national policies, and technological innovation led the optimization and upgrading of the product structure, which promoted the accumulation and growth of the development momentum of the equipment industry and promoted the recovery of the economic efficiency indicators of the equipment industry.
Zuo Shiquan introduced, first of all, the automobile industry, which accounts for about 1% of the equipment industry, has an obvious pulling role, from January to July, automobile production and sales reached 7.1565 million and 1562.6 million units, respectively, an increase of 7.4% and 7.9% year-on-year. Secondly, driven by battery manufacturing, power transmission and transformation and control equipment, the production of power equipment continues to grow rapidly. Third, driven by the demand for high-end, intelligent and green, rapid growth has been achieved in the fields of technological transformation and new generation product research and development, intelligent manufacturing equipment, etc.
"It should also be noted that the current external environment is complex and severe, there are many hidden risks in key areas, the development of the equipment industry is facing a new situation, and the pressure for the steady growth of the industry is greater." Wang Weiming said that the "Plan" puts forward 4 key tasks in four aspects from both sides of supply and demand. In the next step, equipment manufacturing enterprises will be supported to carry out key core technology research and intelligent green transformation; Use information platforms such as "digital industry and information" to strengthen the monitoring of the economic operation of the equipment industry, and timely coordinate and solve the difficulties and problems faced by the development of industry enterprises; Encourage local governments to base themselves on actual conditions and introduce targeted policies for stable growth in their regions.
Zuo Shiquan believes that with the support of stable growth policies in machinery, automobiles and power equipment industries, as well as industrial upgrading, the economic operation of the equipment industry will maintain a stable growth trend in the second half of the year.
Carry out core technology research
The "Plan" puts forward that it is necessary to strengthen precise policies, take the promotion of high-quality development of key sub-industries as the main line, coordinate and promote the making up of short boards, forge long boards, strengthen the foundation, and cultivate emerging industries, and stimulate the endogenous sustainable growth momentum of key sub-industries such as industrial mother machines.
The industrial mother machine is the "instrument of making tools" and "the foundation of self-improvement", and is a basic industry related to the overall situation of national strategic security and development. Tianyan inspection data shows that there are nearly 34,<> machine tool related enterprises in China.
Li Jingying, director of the Equipment Manufacturing Development Research Center of China General Institute of Machinery, said that in recent years, through continuous research, the technical level of some equipment of China's industrial mother machine has reached the world level and has been applied to key fields such as aerospace. However, the international industrial development environment is becoming increasingly severe, and there are still a number of high-end industrial mother machine products and key functional components that rely heavily on imports, and there are risks in the independent and controllable industrial chain.
Li Jingying believes that in addition to digging deep into the potential of the domestic market and cultivating typical application scenarios, it is also necessary to systematically improve supply capacity, ensure the safety and controllability of the industrial chain, cultivate high-quality enterprises with gradients, and create advanced manufacturing clusters. In terms of promoting application, it is necessary to build a number of industrial mother machine application verification production lines, demonstration application factories or bases, and guide the application iteration of innovative achievements. It is recommended to combine the first (set) major technical equipment promotion and application guidance catalog, compile a high-end industrial mother machine equipment promotion and application catalog, and increase government procurement.
In terms of improving supply, Li Jingying said that we should give full play to the role of various policies such as product research, technological transformation, finance, taxation and finance, promote the continuous implementation of major scientific and technological projects as soon as possible, improve the layout and construction of the innovation system, create a number of industrial mother machine industry basic common technology centers, deploy a number of pilot verification platforms, and promote the application of typical scenarios in groups and beads.
Promote the research of key core technologies and form a consensus in the industry. Zuo Shiquan said that the next step is to do a good job in identifying security risks in the industrial chain and supply chain, concentrate superior resources to formulate technical research and product development plans, aim at national strategic needs and key industrial fields, and comprehensively improve the research and development capabilities of key core technologies of industrial mother machines.
Promote intelligent manufacturing
On September 9, the second phase of Sany Group's Indonesian "Lighthouse Factory" project was officially laid. Compared with the first phase, the second phase of Sany Indonesia Industrial Park is not only larger in scale, but also more "smart", equipped with more than 12 digital systems such as automatic material distribution system, digital twin system, process simulation system, intelligent manufacturing operation management system, etc., and combined with automated production equipment to improve the level of production intelligence.
At present, Sany Group's sales in Indonesia have exceeded 200 billion yuan, and the number of equipment has exceeded 2,4 units.
"The equipment industry is a basic industry that provides technical equipment for the development of the national economy, and its digital transformation has become an inevitable choice to firmly grasp the dominance of equipment manufacturing and open up a new track for the development of the digital economy." Wang Weiming said.
Li Jingying analyzed that there are many explanations for the connotation of intelligent manufacturing, but it is inseparable from three cores: one is a new manufacturing model that deeply integrates a new generation of information technology and advanced manufacturing technology, the other is the systematic embodiment throughout the whole life cycle of product design, manufacturing and service, and the third is to manufacture products with high efficiency, high quality, flexibility, green and agility. The "Plan" proposes to promote the intelligence of the manufacturing industry, which should be promoted from the aspects of new models, system solutions, and the digitalization of small and medium-sized enterprises, which is carried out around these three cores.
Li Jingying believes that at present, the pressure of steady growth of China's machinery industry is still large, and the main direction of intelligent manufacturing should be adhered to. Promote intelligent manufacturing from several aspects, such as aiming at the direction of the industry to promote intelligence, doing a good job in the step-by-step implementation of the overall plan, identifying core needs, cultivating system solution providers, and accelerating the training of professional talents, so as to support the steady growth of the industry. (Economic Daily)