The grain industry in Northeast China has ushered in new opportunities for development. General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions on the development of the grain industry during his recent inspection in Heilongjiang, and Heilongjiang should be a good "ballast stone" for national food security, build food and feed industry clusters, and improve the comprehensive benefits of food production. This has pointed out the direction for the development of grain processing industry in Heilongjiang and even northeast China.
The three provinces and one region of Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin and Inner Mongolia shoulder the important task of ensuring national food security, always putting ensuring national food security in the first place, accelerating the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, continuously improving the comprehensive production capacity of grain, and ensuring that the output and supply are sufficient in ordinary times, and in extreme cases, it can be withstood and reliable. In 2022, grain output in three northeastern provinces and one region accounted for more than 26% of the country's total output. Among them, Heilongjiang's total output accounts for 11.3% of the country, ranking first in the country for 13 consecutive years, specifically soybeans, Heilongjiang province's output reached 953.5 million tons, accounting for more than 47% of the country's total output, which shows Heilongjiang's strategic position in maintaining national food security.
However, the three provinces and one region in the northeast still face problems such as low local transformation capacity of grain, low economic efficiency of grain and "inversion of grain and wealth". Northeast China actively promotes the development of grain processing industry and effectively promotes the value-added of grain processing transformation, but the overall scale of the processing industry is small, the industrial structure is not excellent, the integration level is not deep, the depth of processing is insufficient, and the processing conversion rate is not high, which is not commensurate with the status of food security "ballast stone" in Northeast China. In 2022, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia will have bumper soybean harvests, and the problem of "difficulty in selling beans" will once again appear, affecting farmers' enthusiasm for planting beans. Therefore, it is imperative for the northeast to accelerate the development of the grain processing industry.
The development of grain processing industry can find a breakthrough for the high-quality development of the grain industry in Northeast China, promote the transformation from "selling raw grain" to "selling products", from "large granary" to "big kitchen", and from a large grain production province to a strong province in the grain industry. As the largest grain-producing province in the country, Heilongjiang's grain processing industry has started again from a high starting point this year. The "Three-Year Action Plan for Accelerating the High-quality Development of the Agricultural Products Processing Industry in Heilongjiang Province (2023-2025)" released not long ago pointed out that it is expected that by 2025, the operating income of the province's agricultural product processing industry will reach 4500 billion yuan, and the conversion rate of major agricultural product processing will reach 75%, reaching the national average. Heilongjiang plans to focus on the five major processing industries of corn, soybean, rice, dairy and meat, build a corn processing and soybean food industry agglomeration area, develop a green organic rice industry and dairy product processing agglomeration area, build a beef cattle processing, pig processing and poultry processing industry agglomeration area, and promote the processing capacity to the main agricultural product producing areas, advantageous areas and logistics nodes. Industrial clusters can release the multiplier effect, increase the added value of food, and promote Heilongjiang's rural revitalization and regional economic development.
Grain production is weak in quality, low in economic efficiency, and industrial development often faces industrial difficulties such as "strong rice and weak rice". Food is a treasure all over the body, which can be used as rations, feed raw materials, and industrial raw materials, such as corn can be processed into more than 3000,20 industrial products. To turn food into products and improve the utilization rate and added value of food resources, we also need to rely on scientific and technological innovation. As the core carrier of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, enterprises can improve the conversion rate of scientific and technological achievements, enhance the scientific and technological content and market competitiveness of products. For example, Yihai Kerry uses a grain of rice to process rice, more than 500 kinds of products such as lecithin, rice bran wax, oryzanol, rice selenium powder, etc., Shandong Binzhou Zhongyu uses one grain of wheat to transform more than 400 products, Henan Xiangnuan uses a handful of flour to make more than <> kinds of products... For the northeast, grain processing enterprises should also rely on scientific and technological innovation, develop primary processing and intensive processing of grain, improve the quality and efficiency of the grain industry, transform the advantages of food resources into industrial advantages, and transform industrial advantages into development advantages.
It should be noted that although China has achieved the food security goal of basic self-sufficiency of grain and absolute safety of food rations, food supply and demand have been in a tight balance for a long time, and the supply of feed grain is insufficient. The development of grain processing industry in Northeast China must serve the national food security strategy, and it must develop under the premise of ensuring food security and feed grain security, and must not sacrifice food security in exchange for economic benefits.