【High-quality development research line】
◎ Reporter Liu Yuanyuan and Cui Shuang
The wind blows the waves, the golden light is dotted, thousands of sails are racing, and a hundred boats are competing for the current.
The Yangtze River Delta region, nurtured by the magnificent east flow of the Yangtze River into the sea, has created nearly a quarter of the country's total economic output with less than 4% of the country's land area - it is one of the regions with the most active economic development, the highest degree of openness and the strongest innovation ability in China.
From mid-May to June, lasting 5 days, continuously spanning Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces and one city, the reporter of Science and Technology Daily followed the theme of "high-quality development research tour" throughout the whole process, looking at the important equipment of big countries, visiting industrial parks, entering factory workshops, and going to the fields to explore the experience and secrets of high-quality development in the Yangtze River Delta region.
How to deeply implement the innovation-driven development strategy and empower the development of the modern industrial system with an inexhaustible source of innovation vitality? Traveling on this fertile land, reporters seek and ponder answers to their questions along the way.
Power Change: Equipping the Modern Industrial System with a "Technology Engine"
Green grass, birdsong forest.
Science Island, located in Hefei City, Anhui Province, is the location of the steady-state strong magnetic field experimental device of "National Heavy Weapon". When the reporter visited the device up close, a top domestic university research team was using it to study the quantum Hall effect of a thin film material.
"Finding new quantum states in various two-dimensional materials, once the mechanism of the material is clearly studied, new electronic components can be designed according to the relevant principles." Xi Chuanying, deputy director of the magnet operation and experimental measurement department of the High Magnetic Field Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that although such research is still in the basic research stage, it may have a disruptive impact on the semiconductor industry in the future.
Whether it is the synthesis of special alloys or the research of fuel cell exchange membrane materials, the steady-state strong magnetic field experimental device provides an excellent platform for thousands of cutting-edge research.
Focusing on innovation "first-hand chess" with strategic vision, aiming at cutting-edge and basic research, taking innovation as the first engine of industrial economic development, and activating the high-quality development efficiency of the industry with innovation - this is the know-how of the power system of the modern industrial system in the Yangtze River Delta region to "block and accelerate".
As the main body of scientific and technological innovation, the role of enterprises is indispensable. "Innovation is our core competitiveness and the most important lever for high-quality development." Fu Liquan, chairman and president of Zhejiang Dahua Technology Co., Ltd., said that the company spends about 12% of its sales revenue on R&D and innovation, and more than 50% of its employees are R&D engineers.
In building a highland of science and technology innovation and a source of innovation, the Yangtze River Delta region has the courage to compete for the lead.
At present, Shanghai has 17 major national science and technology infrastructures, accounting for about a quarter of the country; In Jiangsu Province, the R&D investment intensity of the whole society will reach 2022% in 3, and the contribution rate of scientific and technological progress will reach 67%; In Zhejiang Province, two national large scientific devices, "hypergravity" and "extremely weak magnetism", were approved for construction; Anhui Province has served the construction of national strategic scientific and technological strength with the strength of the whole province, and the regional innovation capability has risen to the 7th place.
Shanghai is strong and powerful, and the advantages of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui are fully utilized. In 2022, the total economic output of the three provinces and one city accounted for 24.1% of the country, and the investment in R&D accounted for 29.8% of the country.
Turning to the market, the land is leading the development of innovations: AutoX is the first to carry out fully driverless tests on the open roads of first-tier cities in China; Innovent Biopharmaceutical (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.'s PD-1 antibody patent won the China Patent Gold Award; iFLYTEK released a new generation of cognitive large model "iFLYTEK Spark"...
Ask the canal to be as clear as promised, for there is a source of living water. Dare to be the first and dare to invest in scientific and technological innovation, the development of the modern industrial system in the Yangtze River Delta region has won the first opportunity, saved enough stamina, and installed the "science and technology engine".
Quality Change: Continuously Improve the "Science and Technology Concentration" of Industrial Clusters
"Our current production line is 100 tons, and in the future, we will realize a 1,000-ton protein synthesis production line." In Shanghai's Minhang Economic and Technological Development Zone, Guo Min, chairman of Kangma (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd., pointed to cell-free human hemoglobin in a glass tube and told reporters.
The company, which focuses on the development and production of high-end biomedical proteins, was a winery before it settled in the park.
As Ding Xingyi, Director of the Industrial Park and Structural Adjustment Division of the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Economy and Information Technology, said, the Shanghai Industrial Park is moving towards the stage of "characteristic industry", upgrading from factor-driven to innovation-driven, and from industrial introduction to industrial optimization. Integrated circuits, biomedicine, artificial intelligence, etc. are becoming the leading industries of these characteristic industrial parks.
The Yangtze River Delta region has been a well-known hometown of fish and rice since ancient times, and now it is a gathering place for many high-tech industries and strategic emerging industries. These industries are connected into chains and clusters, the siphon effect and cultivation effect are gradually amplified, and the "scientific and technological concentration" of industrial clusters is constantly increasing, integrating into new momentum for vigorous development.
Braving the drizzle to walk into the China Internet of Things International Innovation Park in Wuxi, a variety of IoT-related products and applications are dizzying. The park currently has three leading industries: Internet of Things industry, metaverse industry and photonics industry, creating an output value of 3.2022 billion yuan in 185.
"China IoT International Innovation Park is a national IoT industry base, which has an obvious siphon effect for IoT enterprises." Jiangsu Zhongke Northwest Star Information Technology Co., Ltd. focuses on smart elderly care, the company's general manager Wang Meng introduced that the park Internet of Things industry is highly concentrated, which is convenient for enterprises to build a strategic alliance system in the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain, and has obvious advantages in enterprise cooperation, talent introduction and project exchange.
More emerging industrial clusters have sprung up like mushrooms.
On the shores of West Lake, the "China Vision Valley" built around the visual intelligence industry has quietly risen as a new business card of the industrial ecology. "The overall scale of Hangzhou's visual intelligence core industry exceeds 7200 billion yuan, basically forming an industrial chain ecosystem covering the entire industrial chain of the upstream, middle and downstream industries." Gao Yuan, director of the Xiaoshan Special Cooperation Park Management Office of Hangzhou High-tech Zone (Binjiang), said.
Throughout the Yangtze River Delta region, new industries and new tracks have become prosperous: Shanghai has actively promoted the doubling of the scale of the three leading industries of integrated circuits, biomedicine and artificial intelligence, reaching 3.1 trillion yuan; Jiangsu Province ranks first in the country in terms of integrated circuits, new materials, energy conservation and environmental protection, and new energy; Zhejiang Province has formulated and implemented the industrial cluster construction plan in the field of digital economy, and the market share of digital security industry ranks first in the world; Anhui Province promotes the integration and agglomeration development of 4 emerging industries such as new energy vehicles, new energy and artificial intelligence.
These high-tech industries and strategic emerging industrial clusters have become important bearing areas of the modern industrial system in the Yangtze River Delta region, and have become "energy storage pools" for condensing innovation forces and cultivating new industrial momentum.
Efficiency Transformation: Accelerating the "Technological Butterfly Change" in Traditional Industries
On a huge screen composed of 96 display screens, 13 functional modules are displayed in a circular manner, and the staff sits firmly in front of the screen and strategizes - Masteel (Group) Holdings Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Masteel), which has more than 60 years of development history, has been reborn with digital and intelligent transformation.
"Here can realize the company's whole process control from raw materials entering the factory to production process monitoring and finished products leaving the factory." Le Jiaping, director engineer of the production control center of the Masteel Manufacturing Management Department, told reporters. According to reports, the center is equivalent to the "brain" of the company's operation and control, which integrates a variety of data information such as manufacturing, logistics, and equipment, and can realize centralized monitoring, command and decision support for multiple businesses.
The Yangtze River Delta region has a solid industrial foundation and all kinds of industries are all over the place. Here, traditional industries are actively embracing the wave of science and technology, moving towards high-end, intelligent and green, anchoring the goal of improving quality, reducing costs and increasing efficiency, and accelerating the "butterfly change of science and technology".
It's not just the steel industry that has made a spectacular turnaround. "People rely on clothing, Buddha relies on gold, and gold is packaged by Longgang." Liang Xiaoke, executive secretary general of the Longgang Printing Association in Zhejiang Province, is not a joke - Longgang City is famous throughout the country as the "Printing City of China".
In recent years, in order to promote the transformation and upgrading of the traditional printing industry, Longgang City has made full efforts: Longgang Printing Industry Innovation Service Complex integrates "industry + university + platform" innovation resources to empower the industry; Longgang Research Institute of Zhejiang Sci-Tech University assists Longgang printing industry-university-research cooperation, key technology research and development and transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
Today's Longgang printing industry is not only ordinary wall calendars, packaging boxes, handbags, the technological content is impressive: recycled and recyclable packaging bags, ultra-high-frequency passive electronic tags for supply chain management, children's books integrated with augmented reality (AR) technology, business cards containing near-field communication (NFC) chips...
The same changes are taking place on countless factory floors: Shanghai has focused on implementing the smart factory pilot plan, and a total of 100 smart factories have been built; Jiangsu Province supported the equipment renewal and technological transformation of enterprises, and 3,15 industrial enterprises in the province started the intelligent transformation and digital transformation work; Last year, Zhejiang Province completed the evaluation of the average mu benefit of more than 4,4 industrial enterprises; Anhui Province has promoted and applied 175,<> industrial robots and cultivated <> provincial-level intelligent factories.
The 6 Yangtze River Delta Regional Major Leaders Symposium held in early June pointed out that the three provinces and one city closely grasp the two keys of "integration" and "high quality", have the courage to explore the way in taking the lead in forming a new development pattern, be a pioneer in scientific and technological and industrial innovation, and bravely stand at the forefront of building a new highland of reform and opening up.
The water of the Yangtze River is mighty and soupy, rushing forward. The Yangtze River Delta region where it is moistened is also watering the modern industrial system on this fertile soil with the same surging innovation living water, taking deep roots, flourishing and flourishing, creating a "Yangtze River Delta sample" of Chinese-style modernization.