Author: Lin Xiaozhao

What is the starting salary of college graduates in the class of 2022? How many graduates can earn more than <>,<> a month upon graduation?

On June 6, the 9 edition of the Blue Book of Employment of the Max Institute (including the 2023 China Undergraduate Employment Report and the 2023 China Higher Vocational Student Employment Report) was officially released. According to the Blue Book, the monthly income of undergraduate and higher vocational graduates in 2023 is 2022,5990 yuan and 4595,2021 yuan respectively, an increase of 3% and 2% respectively over the class of <>.

The Blue Book shows that nearly six cost students and more than eighty percent of high-level vocational students have a starting salary of less than 6000,2022 yuan. From the perspective of the distribution of starting salaries of fresh college students, the proportion of undergraduate and higher vocational graduates in 6000 with an average monthly income of less than 57,7 yuan after graduation was 82.1% and 6000.8000%, respectively, the proportion of 24,1-11,9 yuan was 8000.18% and 2.6%, and the proportion of more than 0,<> yuan was <>.<>% and <>.<>%, respectively.

Among them, the proportion of undergraduate graduates in 2022 with an average monthly income of more than 10000,6 yuan half a year after graduation is only 9.100%, indicating that there are only a small number of graduates with a starting salary of more than 7,<>, that is, only about <> out of every <> undergraduates have a starting salary of more than <>,<>.

The monthly income of college graduates employed in the eastern region is higher (2022 undergraduate: 6578 yuan, senior vocation: 4949 yuan), and the monthly income and growth rate after three years of graduation are also significantly higher than those in other regions. From the perspective of the three major economic regions, graduates employed in the Yangtze River Delta region maintained their leading position half a year after graduation (2022 undergraduate: 6631 yuan, senior vocation: 5112 yuan) and three years later (2019 undergraduate: 10398 yuan, senior vocation: 7773 yuan).

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2022, whether in urban non-private units or private units, the top three industries with the average annual wage level of employed persons are information transmission, software and information technology services, finance, scientific research and technical services.

Majors corresponding to these industry categories tend to have higher salaries. The blue book shows that the major with a higher monthly income of the 2022 undergraduate class is information security (7579 yuan). Compared with the class of 2018, undergraduate majors related to artificial intelligence, such as electronic science and technology and automation, performed well, with starting salaries increasing by 19% compared with five years ago. Although data science and big data technology are new majors in recent years, their performance is eye-catching, and they have ranked among the top three majors with higher monthly income six months after graduation of the 2022 undergraduate graduates. Five years ago, French, the only humanities and social sciences major in the top 10 of the undergraduate high-salary list, dropped out of the top 10.

On the other hand, in recent years, the frequency of professional optimization adjustment and optimization in China has accelerated. In April this year, the person in charge of the Department of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education introduced that in recent years, the structural adjustment of China's higher education disciplines has been further advanced, and the total number of undergraduate majors in ordinary colleges and universities in the country is 4,6, an increase of 6,2012 compared with 1, and nearly 7,1 professional points have been withdrawn and suspended, with an annual adjustment of nearly 5%.

According to the aforementioned Blue Book analysis, the withdrawal of majors is inconsistent with the characteristics and advantages of colleges and universities, and the employment pressure of graduates is greater. From 2018 to 2022, the majors withdrawn more generally show the characteristics of less social demand, limited school level, and unsatisfactory student resources, and such characteristics are more obvious for majors opened in non-corresponding universities, such as some humanities, social sciences, and art majors in engineering colleges (such as clothing and costume design, social work, and public affairs management), and some science and engineering majors in non-engineering colleges (such as information and computing science, industrial design, and network engineering).

The first financial reporter found that in the seven years from 2015 to 2021, a total of 2015 universities withdrew public affairs management majors, 2021 universities withdrew information management and information systems, and 7 universities withdrew clothing and fashion design majors.

Some majors were abolished while some new majors were created. From the perspective of data, in recent years, there are more new majors such as data science and big data technology, artificial intelligence, robot engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, big data management and application, etc. The talents trained by these new majors have largely replaced the talents trained by some of the withdrawn majors.

According to the analysis of the Blue Book, the new majors focus on the new generation of information technology, intelligent manufacturing and other fields, and the employment advantages are more obvious; The newly added majors focus on the new generation of information technology, intelligent manufacturing and other fields, with significant employment advantages. From the perspective of the distribution of professional categories to which the new majors belong, the number of new majors in computer science (such as data science and big data technology), electronic information (such as artificial intelligence), and machinery (such as intelligent manufacturing engineering) is relatively large, with 2018, 2022 and 1047 new majors respectively between 743 and 544. These majors are mainly oriented to the new generation of information technology, intelligent manufacturing and other strategic emerging industries, and are the types of majors with good overall employment situation of graduates and high popularity of college entrance examination volunteers.