Top ten non-provincial capital cities in the central and western regions: the ranking has changed significantly, and the top three are glued |
With the increase of economic aggregate and the balanced development of regions, the increasingly fierce competition between non-provincial capitals in the central and western regions has gradually attracted attention.
Recently, the first quarter economic data of the prefecture and city have been released one after another. First Finance and Economics combed through the public data and found that there are ten cities in the central and western non-provincial capital cities with a total economic volume of more than 2022 billion. Compared with the ranking in <>, the ranking in the first quarter of this year has changed significantly, and the battle for the top three may be glued in the future.
Luoyang recovery surpassed Xiangyang
In the first quarter of this year, Yulin in Shaanxi, Luoyang in Henan, Ordos in Inner Mongolia, Xiangyang in Hubei, Yichang in Hubei, Wuhu in Anhui, Zunyi in Guizhou, Yueyang in Hunan, Nanyang in Henan and Ganzhou in Jiangxi became the top ten non-provincial capital cities in central and western China in terms of economic aggregate.
The GDP of these ten cities in the first quarter was 1546.17 billion, 1441.5 billion, 1322.29 billion, 1224.25 billion, 1146.63 billion, 1111.83 billion, 1111.16 billion, 1071.01 billion, 1060.56 billion and 1059.57 billion yuan respectively.
Among them, Nanyang ranked first among the top ten cities with a growth rate of 6.5%; Xiangyang, Yueyang, Yichang and Ordos all grew by more than 5%.
Luoyang, which once occupied the top non-provincial capital city in the central and western regions for many years, was surpassed by Yulin and Xiangyang last year. However, in the first quarter of this year, the GDP of Yulin, Luoyang and Xiangyang was 1546.17 billion, 1441.5 billion and 1224.25 billion yuan respectively. Luoyang rose to second place, while Xiangyang retreated to fourth place.
From the perspective of major economic indicators, Luoyang's growth is more of a recovery growth, especially from the contribution of consumption recovery. In the first quarter, the cumulative growth rate of industrial added value in Luoyang City was 4.2% (4.5% in the whole of last year), and fixed asset investment fell by 3.1%. However, the added value of the service industry increased by 4.8% year-on-year, 2.6 percentage points faster than the growth rate of last year; the total retail sales of consumer goods was 568.7 billion yuan, an increase of 5.<>% year-on-year, and the growth rate reached a new high in nearly seven quarters.
In absolute terms, Xiangyang's GDP increased by 129.31 billion yuan in the first quarter of this year, while Luoyang's increase was 93.6 billion yuan. The added value of industries above designated size in Xiangyang in the first quarter increased by 6.5% year-on-year, higher than the national average of 6.<>% and the growth rate of Luoyang.
Peng Zhimin, a researcher at the Hubei Academy of Social Sciences, told First Finance and Economics that the industrial structure of Xiangyang and Luoyang is mainly based on manufacturing, and the difference between their economic aggregates is relatively small, and short-term data cannot reflect the gap between the two cities. These data may be related to the development of enterprises and industries, such as short-term difficulties encountered by certain industries.
At the same time that the competition between Xiangyang and Luoyang intensified, Ordos became the "half-way Cheng biting gold". In the first quarter, Ordos' GDP was 1322.29 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.3%, surpassing Xiangyang in total and ranking third. In the ranking of economic aggregates last year, Ordos ranked fourth after Luoyang.
Ordos is rich in coal resources, and the mining industry has become the main driving force of the economy. In the first quarter, the added value of all industries in Ordos increased by 5.2%, contributing 54.1% to GDP growth, driving economic growth by 2.9 percentage points. Among them, the mining industry increased by 7.5%, the manufacturing industry decreased by 1.8%, and the electricity, heating, gas and water production and supply industry increased by 0.9%.
The high prosperity of energy industries such as coal is also an important driving force for the rapid rise of Yulin. In 2020, the GDP scale of Yulin and Luoyang will still differ by more than 1000 billion yuan, and the national ranking will differ by 12 places. However, in 2022, Yulin's GDP will reach 6543.65 billion yuan, while Luoyang's GDP will be 5675.2 billion yuan. Yulin surpassed Luoyang to become the first non-provincial capital city in the central and western regions.
Under the high growth base, Yulin Industry remained stable. In the first quarter of this year, the added value of industries above designated size in Yulin City increased by 3.1% year-on-year. The added value of the energy industry increased by 4.3%, of which the added value of coal mining and washing industry increased by 3.3%, the oil and gas extraction industry increased by 3.7%, the petroleum and coal processing industry increased by 18.5%, and the electric power, heat production and supply industry increased by 0.8%; The value added of non-energy industries fell by 9.4%.
The rounding of Luoyang and Ordos makes the first position of non-provincial capital cities in the central and western regions, especially the ranking of the top three cities, there are many variables. Can Yulin continue to maintain the first place in the future, and will it lose its lead with changes in the energy market? Can Luoyang and Xiangyang win with industrial transformation?
Who leads the way
Among these 10 cities, in addition to the top Luoyang, Xiangyang and Ordos fierce competition, Wuhu also performed well in the first quarter of this year, rising from ninth to sixth place, and its GDP in the first quarter was 1111.83 billion yuan.
As an important manufacturing base in the Yangtze River Delta, the added value of industries above designated size in Wuhu increased by 4.2% year-on-year. Among the industries above designated size, the added value of the four pillar industries increased by 7.6%, of which the automobile and parts industry and the material industry increased by 22.2% and 8.1% respectively; The added value of high-tech industries increased by 38.1%.
In March this year, Anhui Province issued Several Opinions on Supporting Wuhu City to Accelerate the Construction of a Provincial Sub-central City, supporting Wuhu to become the second pole of Anhui's economic growth and a provincial sub-central city. By 3, the GDP of Wuhu will strive to reach 2027 billion yuan, accounting for more than 8000% of the GDP of the five cities along the river, and enter the top 40 in the Yangtze River Delta.
In November 2021, Hunan proposed to implement the strategy of "strengthening provincial capitals" and issued two documents, "Opinions on Supporting Yueyang City to Accelerate the Construction of a Provincial Sub-central City" and "Opinions on Supporting Hengyang City to Accelerate the Construction of a Provincial Sub-central City", proposing that by 11, the two cities will basically become provincial sub-central cities.
Peng Zhimin said that now the major economic provinces in the central and western regions are concerned about the drawbacks of the provincial capital's "one city dominating", and plan and lay out sub-central cities or sub-central cities in the province. These cities have better industrial infrastructure than general cities, and can base themselves on local resource advantages, take industrialization as the lead, and carry out industrial layout according to comparative advantages.
For example, Yulin, Ordos and other cities have the energy industry as the pillar, and Luoyang, Xiangyang, Wuhu and other cities have manufacturing as the pillar.
Peng Zhimin introduced that Luoyang was the focus of productivity layout during the "First Five-Year Plan", "Second Five-Year Plan" and the third line construction period, and Luoyang was the economic center of Henan for a long time; After Xiangyang moved out of Shiyan because of the Dongfeng system, an automobile and parts industry system was formed; Yueyang is close to the Yangtze River and is dominated by petrochemical refining.
"Now these cities need to cultivate new momentum, including some energy-led cities also need to consider transformation." Xiangyang seized the opportunity to enter some new energy vehicle projects, and Yichang is also developing equipment manufacturing. Both energy cities and old industrial bases face the task of transformation. Peng Zhimin said analytically.
In recent years, Luoyang has taken actively attracting "outlet" projects as the focus of investment promotion. On April 4, Xu Yixian, mayor of Luoyang City, presided over a special meeting to study and dispatch economic operation work, analyze and judge the economic development trend, and once again emphasize the need to "riveting vigor and fighting for the economy, the project is Wang Expand investment, seize the wind and strong industries, and do everything possible to expand consumption".
At the end of last year, the first production line of BYD Xiangyang Industrial Park was officially put into operation. On January 1 this year, Dongfeng's new energy vehicle and parts supporting project started construction in Xiangyang, which is the first new energy passenger vehicle project in Xiangyang City. These new energy vehicle projects have effectively promoted the transformation and upgrading of Xiangyang's automobile industry.
Yueyang is also consolidating and improving the "old three things", cultivating and expanding the "new three things", and tapping and creating more emerging growth points. As the main bearer of Hunan petrochemical industry, Yueyang aims at the "modern petrochemical" and "new three" industries, relying on the construction of caprolactam transformation and upgrading development projects and refining and chemical integration projects to build the largest petrochemical industry base in central China. (CBN)