In the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other hydrogen energy demonstration city clusters, a large number of hydrogen energy buses and hydrogen energy network ride-hailing vehicles can already be seen driving on the city's roads. At the same time, the number of hydrogen heavy trucks is also increasing rapidly, becoming a new scenario for the application of green hydrogen in the logistics field.
Hydrogen energy heavy trucks exceeded 3000,<> short-distance logistics into a new application scenario
In Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, driver Hu Gang is driving a hydrogen heavy truck to deliver goods to the port. This is the first batch of hydrogen heavy trucks put into operation in Jiaxing Port, which has been in operation for half a year, replacing the original diesel heavy trucks.
The reporter learned that after obtaining government subsidies, the operating cost of this batch of hydrogen heavy trucks is about 10% lower than that of diesel vehicles.
In an industrial park in Deyang, Sichuan, after distributed photovoltaic equipment generates electricity to produce green hydrogen, it is transported to the nearest hydrogen refueling station to refuel heavy trucks and serve short-distance transportation in the park.
Zhang Dinghai, deputy general manager of Dongfang Electric Hydrogen Energy Company: The price of hydrogen is about 27 yuan / kg and 28 yuan / kg, and the cost of use energy is the same as diesel. The original price of a heavy truck is 135.50 million yuan, the province makes up 50,35 yuan, the city makes up about <>,<> yuan, and the price of the user buying the car is about <>,<> yuan, and the purchase cost can basically be the same as that of diesel vehicles.
The reporter learned that before 2019, there was no hydrogen energy heavy truck sales on the market. Driven by the support policies of domestic hydrogen energy demonstration zones, up to now, the number of hydrogen energy heavy trucks has exceeded 3000,<>.
Chen Long, director of the Economic Development Department of Jiaxing Port District, Zhejiang Province: By the end of this year, 100 hydrogen heavy trucks will be put into use, and it is expected that another 200 will be added by next year, and by the end of 2025, Jiaxing Port will have nearly 1000,<> hydrogen heavy truck logistics vehicles running.
The cost of hydrogen energy vehicles is falling rapidly, and it is expected to be promoted on a large scale in 2025
The reporter learned that the high cost of the current hydrogen energy heavy truck is a key factor restricting the large-scale application. Due to the high amount of subsidies, except for the hydrogen energy demonstration city cluster, other areas have not been widely promoted. Can the cost of hydrogen vehicles be significantly reduced, and what core components are involved?
CCTV reporter Ping: In Beijing, this hydrogen fuel cell production enterprise, since February, the production line here has achieved full production, membrane electrode is the most basic unit of hydrogen fuel cell, the output here reaches 5,100 pieces per month, can be used by more than <> logistics vehicles.
The core component of hydrogen fuel cell membrane electrode has four main parts, including catalyst, proton exchange membrane, carbon paper and auxiliary materials, all of which are relatively expensive.
Zhou Mingzheng, general manager of the key materials division of China Hydrogen Science and Technology: The main cost of these four parts of the membrane electrode should be reduced to half of the current price after two years, and the membrane electrode is about 500 yuan to 600 yuan per kilowatt.
Taking a hydrogen heavy truck as an example, the current cost of hydrogen fuel cell system accounts for nearly 50% of the cost of the whole vehicle, and with the increase of hydrogen energy vehicle ownership and the mass production of core components, the cost is expected to decline rapidly.
Lin Qi, Chairman and President of Reinvention Group: We believe that starting this year is the inflection point for the cost reduction of hydrogen fuel cells. The price is now about twice that of conventional energy vehicles, and we aim to achieve about 2.2025 times that by 1.
If the hydrogen fuel cell is compared to the "heart", the operation of the hydrogen energy vehicle is indispensable to provide it with the "blood" of the hydrogen storage cylinder. Due to the high cost of the core material carbon fiber, the price of hydrogen storage cylinders is also high.
Feng Cunjiang, deputy general manager of Sinoma Technology Chengdu Co., Ltd.: At present, our company has a production capacity of 10,260 units. A 1 kg hydrogen cylinder, <> bottle carbon fiber costs eight or nine thousand yuan.
In Shanghai Petrochemical, large tow carbon fiber has been localized, and the next step is expected to be promoted to the manufacture of hydrogen storage cylinders to reduce related costs.
Experts said that the cost of hydrogen fuel vehicles is expected to fall significantly in 2025, and the application will be promoted in more regions.
The "hydrogen" wind has arrived, and the application scenarios of green hydrogen continue to expand
Hydrogen fuel cell is the most critical component of hydrogen energy vehicles, hydrogen through it to generate electricity, it is this characteristic that makes hydrogen fuel cells applied to a new field. In addition to powering cars, hydrogen fuel cells can also generate electricity for industrial parks and office buildings. Stable and lasting power guarantee expands more possibilities for the application of green hydrogen.
CCTV reporter Su Tong: A hydrogen fuel cell set in an industrial park in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, has 8 fixed hydrogen fuel cells with a power of 5 kilowatts, which can provide 1 kWh of electricity and cold and heat exchange services for 40 hour of operation.
This fixed hydrogen fuel cell occupies a small area, has a longer service life than the vehicle-mounted hydrogen fuel cell, and can continue to provide green energy needs such as power supply and heat exchange for buildings and factories in the city without being affected by the weather, and can also be combined with other green power sources such as distributed photovoltaics.
Hou Mengxiao, Director of New Energy Policy Promotion Office, Panasonic China Northeast Asia Company: At present, the efficiency of pure hydrogen power generation in 5000,56-watt hydrogen fuel cells is 95%, and coupled with the comprehensive utilization of thermal efficiency, hydrogen energy can be used for more than <>%. In the future, end-users can be laid around hydrogen refueling stations in the form of laying pipelines or transporting hydrogen over short distances.
In the Jiaxing Port Area, a megawatt-level hydrogen distributed power station is using hydrogen in the park to convert it into electricity on the spot to meet the demand for electricity during peak production hours, and the cost per kWh of electricity can be controlled below 1 yuan. The core equipment used in a power station is equivalent to a hydrogen fuel power system for 10 to 20 heavy trucks.
Liu Yisu, Director of Strategic Marketing Department of Reshaping Group: The demand for energy storage market is very large, and its installed capacity has increased geometrically compared with the installed capacity of vehicles, including other fixed power generation application scenarios, and there is a lot of room for growth.
The industry expects that the domestic fuel cell distributed generation system can provide power guarantee for communication base stations, hospitals, data centers and other places, and expand new application scenarios.